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Public Sector Research and Industrial Innovation in Norway: A Historical Perspective

Magnus Gulbrandsen and Lars Nerdrum

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

This chapter analyses the historical role of public research organizations for industrial growth and innovation in Norway, and the changes in this role over time. Public research organizations ... More


Social Work Research: History, Organizational Roles, and the Influence of the National Institutes of Health

Ruth G. McRoy, Jerry P. Flanzer, and Joan Levy Zlotnik

in Building Research Culture and Infrastructure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195399646
eISBN:
9780199932757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399646.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter Two provides an historical overview of national social work research capacity – building efforts, especially in the context of the roles of national social work organizations and the National ... More


East Asian Pop Culture: Analysing the Korean Wave

Beng Huat Chua and Koichi Iwabuchi (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098923
eISBN:
9789882206885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098923.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

In this book, an international group of contributors provide a multi-layered analysis of the emerging East Asian media culture, using the Korean TV drama as its analytic vehicle. This collection of ... More


Archives of Critical Theory

Andrew N. Rubin

in Archives of Authority: Empire, Culture, and the Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154152
eISBN:
9781400842179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154152.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter turns to Institute for Social Research (or Frankfurt School) member Theodor Adorno as the partial representation of the experience of exile in terms of the ideology of positivism, which ... More


Biotechnology Dilemma 2: Material Transfer Agreements

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter focuses on material transfer agreements (MTAs). Scientists frequently need and request materials owned by others. The most common request involves biological materials such as genes, ... More


Research and Development

Barry M. Katz

in Make It New: The History of Silicon Valley Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029636
eISBN:
9780262330923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029636.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Design surely had a role in shaping the computer, but far more important was the role of the computer in shaping design. This chapter studies the involvement of designers at two labs that formed the ... More


Nonprofit Research Institutes: From Companies Without Products to Universities Without Students

James A. Evans

in Politics and Partnerships: The Role of Voluntary Associations in America's Political Past and Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226109961
eISBN:
9780226109985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109985.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter traces the twentieth-century history of nonprofit research institutes (NRIs) and documents their shift from developing technology in the 1940s to performing basic science at the turn of ... More


Who Are Conservative Students?

Amy J. Binder and Kate Wood

in Becoming Right: How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145372
eISBN:
9781400844876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145372.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter asks who conservative students are by drawing on two sources. First are the surveys administered by the University of California at Los Angeles's Higher Education Research Institute to ... More


In-house think tanks of ministries: their functions and limitations in policy formulation

Hideaki Tanaka

in Policy analysis in Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781847429841
eISBN:
9781447311515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses the function of policy research institute which can be deemed as an in-house think tank of ministry in the Japanese government. Each ministry has its own institute in addition ... More


Colonial Medicine and Malaria Eradication in Okinawa in the Twentieth Century:: From the Colonial Model to the United States Model

Wataru Iijima

in Disease, Colonialism, and the State: Malaria in Modern East Asian History

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622095878
eISBN:
9789882206854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622095878.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the importance of colonial Taiwan's model of malaria control in Japanese colonial medicine and examines the process of malaria eradication in Yaeyama of the Ryukyu Islands in ... More


Managing Conflicts Between Line and Staff in Interdisciplinary R&D Projects

Eduardo Vasconcellos

in International Research Management

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062526
eISBN:
9780199854905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062526.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

During the implementation and expansion of interdisciplinary activities in Brazil's industrial government-owned research centers, misunderstandings arise between the two major divisions of research ... More


Game Theory and Practice in the Postwar Human Sciences

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, game theory became caught up in a heated and chaotic set of debates about nuclear strategy and the possibility of arms control Bertrand Russell and Herman Kahn ... More


Non-university research institutes: between basic research, knowledge transfer to the public and policy analysis

Martin Thunert

in Policy analysis in Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306252
eISBN:
9781447310983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter focuses on research organisations and research institutes in Germany, which are academic institutions, but exist organisationally independent of universities, working at arms-length ... More


The Nanjing Decade: Geological Expansion and the State

Grace Yen Shen

in Unearthing the Nation: Modern Geology and Nationalism in Republican China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226090405
eISBN:
9780226090542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226090542.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 looks at how Chinese geologists tried to preserve their scientific autonomy against the growing demands of the Guomindang state in the “Nanjing Decade” (1927-1937). Having built up ... More


Brazil

Edmund Amann and Paulo N. Figueiredo

in Innovative Firms in Emerging Market Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646005
eISBN:
9780199949977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646005.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

This chapter analyzes the accumulation of technological capabilities among Brazilian firms in three sectors: steel, pulp and paper, and aerospace. Its central concern is to evaluate the degree to ... More


The Structure, Financing, and Processes of Federally Mandated Comparative Effectiveness Research and Why They Matter

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Throughout the legislative odyssey of federal policy on comparative effectiveness research from 2002 to 2008, the specifics of the policy took many different forms. While opponents to ... More


Joining Forces to Comprehend the Jewish Catastrophe: The Attempt to Establish a European Community of Holocaust Researchers

Laura Jockusch

in Collect and Record!: Jewish Holocaust Documentation in Early Postwar Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199764556
eISBN:
9780199979578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764556.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Historiography

This chapter returns to the 1947 Holocaust conference in Paris and explores the interaction of the Jewish historical commissions and documentation centers with one another and with the YIVO Institute ... More


Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Americans like to believe that the medical care we get from our doctors is based on solid scientific evidence. We hear often that American medical care and medical research are the best in the world. ... More


Neuroscience becomes “Aryanized” at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes in Germany

Lawrence A. Zeidman

in Brain Science under the Swastika: Ethical Violations, Resistance, and Victimization of Neuroscientists in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198728634
eISBN:
9780191882951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728634.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

The Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes (KWI) in Germany were supposed to be bastions of internationally renowned science, but were just as easily “coordinated” under National Socialism in Germany as the ... More


Frankfurt Scholar

Lawrence J. Friedman and Anke M. Schreiber

in The Lives of Erich Fromm: Love's Prophet

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162593
eISBN:
9780231531061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162593.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes Erich Fromm’s life as a Frankfurt scholar. By 1929, Fromm’s experiment with the therapeuticum had ended, his marriage to Frieda Reichmann was deeply troubled, and his analysis ... More


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