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Knowledge to Action?: Evidence-Based Health Care in Context

Sue Dopson and Louise Fitzgerald

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259014
eISBN:
9780191718113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259014.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

Health services can and should be improved by applying research findings about best practice. This book explores why it proves notoriously difficult to implement change based on research evidence in ... More


Search for Best Available Evidence

Mark J. Macgowan

in A Guide to Evidence-Based Group Work

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183450
eISBN:
9780199864935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183450.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents the second stage of evidence-based group work (EBGW). The first part of the chapter describes the general principles of an effective and efficient search, describing where and ... More


Translation and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices

Lawrence A. Palinkas

in Translation and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195398489
eISBN:
9780199928583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398489.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter introduces a conceptual framework of the different types of research evidence, including evidence obtained from observational, quasi-experimental, and experimental primary research ... More


Understanding risk-focused prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the classification of prevention programs for offending, focusing on the so-called risk-focused prevention. It explains that risk-focused prevention is the leading conceptual, ... More


Evaluating qualitative research

Michele Crossley

in Research Methods in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530251
eISBN:
9780191729980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530251.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses how qualitative research should be evaluated. It presents a number of quantitative research reviews, which reinforce the view that evidence from quantitative research, ... More


Introduction: themes of the book

Stephen Gorard

in Education Policy: Evidence of Equity and Effectiveness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447342144
eISBN:
9781447342212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447342144.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter illustrates the difficulties of public policy-making in education. Within this sector, policy-making is evidence-informed, meaning that policy-makers and their advisers come up with ... More


What does it mean to ‘use’ research evidence?

M. Nutley Sandra, Walter Isabel, and T.O. Davies Huw

in Using evidence: How research can inform public services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346650
eISBN:
9781447304166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346650.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter begins by defining research use. It then differentiates the different definitions and conceptualisations, and considers some modes that help determine the various forms of use, noting ... More


Learning from the past, prospects for the future

Huw Davies, Sandra Nutley, and Peter Smith

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter draws together a summary and set of conclusions from the wide-ranging contributions to this book. The preceding chapters have revealed a surprisingly long and rich history of the use of ... More


A strategic approach to research and development

Huw Davies, Gloria Laycock, Sandra Nutley, Judy Sebba, and Trevor Sheldon

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the attempts to shape the research supply to meet the demand for research evidence. It looks at the research and development (R&D) process in three big government areas: the ... More


Health inequalities during adulthood: research evidence

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines research evidence concerning health inequalities during adulthood. It discusses the result of lifecourse research suggesting that both childhood and adult circumstances ... More


Knowledge Mobilisation in Education in England

David Gough

in The impact of research in education: An international perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306207
eISBN:
9781447310990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306207.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter provides an overview of knowledge mobilisation by universities in England. It first provides an introduction to the capacity of the education systems and research structures, capacity ... More


Welfare policy: tendering for evidence

Robert Walker

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Welfare policy has a long and distinguished history of being informed by research evidence. This chapter shows that the most influential studies were landmarks in social policy research – from ... More


Bereavement, young people and social context

Mccarthy Jane Ribbens

in Brief Interventions with Bereaved Children

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561643
eISBN:
9780191730313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561643.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the importance of social contexts and looks at a number of available examples of research evidence. These evidences are rooted in particular cultural understandings and ... More


Transport: beyond predict and provide

Francis Terry

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter shows the danger of an over-reliance on a single government-controlled source of research evidence though the use of research in transport policy making. Up to the mid-1990s, the effect ... More


Evaluation, knowledge and learning in neighbourhood governance: the case of the New Deal for Communities

Lucy Grimshaw and Ian Smith

in Disadvantaged by where you live?: Neighbourhood governance in contemporary urban policy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348951
eISBN:
9781447302100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348951.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses debates on the generation and flow of knowledge in neighbourhood renewal. It concentrates on the ‘academic’ debates on the use and value of evidence and in particular ... More


What Is Our Impact?: Toward a Unified Framework for Evaluating Outcomes of Citizen Science Participation

Tina Phillips, Rick Bonney, and Jennifer L. Shirk

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on citizen science program evaluation in informal settings. It first considers the historic rationale for evidence-based educational research before presenting a working matrix, ... More


Independent living: the role of the disability movement in the development of government policy

Jenny Morris

in Cash and care: Policy challenges in the welfare state

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348562
eISBN:
9781447301615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348562.003.0017
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

In 2005, the British government committed itself to achieving independent living for disabled people and set out proposals for delivering this aim. This chapter examines the role of research evidence ... More


Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Julia Koricheva, Jessica Gurevitch, and Kerrie Mengersen (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Meta-analysis is a powerful statistical methodology for synthesizing research evidence across independent studies. This is the first comprehensive handbook of meta-analysis written specifically for ... More


Jobcentre Plus: can specialised personal advisers be justified?

Alan Roulstone and Colin Barnes

in Working futures?: Disabled people, policy and social inclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346261
eISBN:
9781447304333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346261.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the research evidence to consider the case for specialist advisers. It draws on the views and experiences reported by incapacity-benefits claimants and personal advisers ... More


Research, policy and practice

Nick Frost and Bernie Jackson

in Family Group Conferences in Social Work: Involving Families in Social Care Decision Making

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447335801
eISBN:
9781447335856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335801.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines research evidence that underpins family group conferences (FGCs) and addresses its implications for policy and practice. There are powerful value-based reasons for engaging with ... More


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