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Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens

Alan Wertheimer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743513
eISBN:
9780199827145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743513.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Clinical research requires that some people be used and possibly harmed for the benefit of others. What justifies such use of people? This book provides an in-depth philosophical analysis of several ... More


Ethical Considerations of Randomized Controlled Trials

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The intention of Chapter 2 is not to review general research ethics, but rather to examine ethical issues particularly relevant to RCTs. The ethical justification for RCTs from both the perspectives ... More


Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Kevin Elliott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines a variety of ways in which societal values can be more effectively integrated into the numerous judgments associated with policy‐relevant environmental research. It provides a ... More


Protecting human subjects in brain research: a pragmatic perspective

Franklin G. Miller and Joseph J. Fins

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter elucidates ethical considerations in designing and carrying out clinical research on people with brain disorders based on an approach to research ethics derived from American ... More


Facing up to Paternalism in Research Ethics 1

Alan Wertheimer

in Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743513
eISBN:
9780199827145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743513.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Although research ethics has generally emphasized the importance of autonomy and informed consent, it has not faced up to the fact that the reigning regulatory and ethical frameworks for human ... More


Humanity and Hyper-regulation: From Nuremberg to Helsinki

Onora O'Neill

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Contemporary work on research ethics often points to Nazi inhumanity and abuse of research subjects as a prelude to arguing that research on human subjects requires their fully informed consent. By ... More


Responsible Conduct of Research

Adil E Shamoo and David B Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Recent scandals and controversies—such as the falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism of data in federally funded science; the manipulation and distortion of research sponsored by private ... More


The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Lesson #3: Ethics for Experts

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, if scientists are to avoid railroading their own values into individual and societal decision‐making processes, they need to follow an ethics of expertise (EOE) when ... More


An Argument for Societal Values in Policy-Relevant Research

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that nonepistemic or contextual values should not be systematically excluded from any of the four categories of value judgments considered in Chapter 2. The argument rests on ... More


The MCS and ED Cases

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows how the major lessons of the preceding chapters apply to cases of policy‐relevant research other than hormesis. It argues that those who investigate endocrine disruption and ... More


How to gain research ethics approval

Peter Speck

in Research Methods in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530251
eISBN:
9780191729980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530251.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter gives advice on how to obtain research ethics approval. It begins with an introduction to the UK Research Ethics Committees, which was started in 1968 and is now responsible for ... More


Ethical and Social Issues in Multiuser Virtual Environments

Ralph Schroeder

in Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The use of multi-user virtual environments for social research raises a variety of ethical issues. Among these are the conditions under which interactions should be recorded and how information can ... More


Introduction: Societal Values and Environmental Research

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides an overview of the book and a summary of each subsequent chapter. It highlights the volume's two major goals: to examine the range of methodological decisions and interpretive ... More


Conclusion

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This final chapter reviews the book's major claims and considers important directions for future scholarship. The analyses in the preceding chapters suggest at least three promising avenues for ... More


The Misshapen Ideology of the IRB System

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Good regulation comes from good guidance. IRBs need a coherent and legible ethics but get three principles – respect for persons, justice, and beneficence. A workable ethics is unachievable because ... More


Lesson #1: Safeguarding Science

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that current financial conflict‐of‐interest (COI) policies are severely limited in their ability to prevent powerful interest groups from hijacking university research. It ... More


Researchers and their 'subjects': Ethics, power, knowledge and consent

Marie Smyth and Catherine Bond (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345141
eISBN:
9781447303220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345141.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This book examines the role of participants in research, and how research ethics can be put into practice. Specifically, the book discusses the ethical regulations and guidance governing researchers ... More


Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers

Henry S. Richardson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388930
eISBN:
9780199979196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388930.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Interacting innocently with others, we can become morally entangled with their affairs, despite neither party having intended this. This route to obligation—underexplored by moral philosophers—is of ... More


Vulnerability and Bioethics

Wendy Rogers

in Vulnerability: New Essays in Ethics and Feminist Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199316649
eISBN:
9780199346431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199316649.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Vulnerability is a key concept in bioethics. Research ethics guidelines mandate the protection of vulnerable participants; the principles of clinical ethics are underpinned by the vulnerability of ... More


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