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Social dominance and fitness in black-capped chickadees

Laurene Ratcliffe, Daniel J. Mennill, and Kristin A. Schubert

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter examines the naturally- and sexually-selected consequences of social rank in a population of black-capped chickadees studied for over a decade in eastern Ontario, Canada. The discussion ... More


Habitat quality and reproductive behavior in chickadees and tits: Potential for habitat matrix use in forest generalists

Ken A. Otter, Harry van Oort, and Kevin T. Fort

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Habitat destruction and fragmentation poses one of the most serious threats to biodiversity in conservation biology. What distinguishes habitat fragments is that the intervening gaps are often ... More


Bat-eared foxes: Bat-eared foxes ‘insectivory’ and luck: lessons from an extreme canid

Barbara Maas and David W. Macdonald

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents a case study of bat-eared foxes in the Serengeti in order to shed light on the questions: how does their behaviour differ from that of other canids, and why? Topics discussed ... More


What Is Fitness?

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the problem of correctly defining fitness costs and benefits in inclusive fitness theory, when competition occurs between offspring who are relatives. It reviews the definition ... More


Evolution

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines arguments saying that the rationality thesis is an empirical truth. The general argument, based on evolutionary theory, is initially quite appealing, and many philosophers have ... More


Adaptations and Maladaptations

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Many evolutionary biologists have followed Darwin in employing an adaptationist approach to a broad range of puzzles, including those cases in which animals and plants appear to possess nonadaptive ... More


Parental Care, Oviposition Sites, and Mating Systems of Blennioid Fishes

Philip A. Hastings and Christopher W. Petersen

in Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264335
eISBN:
9780520947979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264335.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Blennioid fishes comprise almost 900 described species, most of which are associated with coastal environments. Yet, essentially nothing has been published regarding the reproductive biology of more ... More


Postscript and prospects

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter draws together the main themes of the book before summarizing the legacy of the pioneer guppy researchers. It identifies some areas where research is likely to be directed in ... More


Models of Social Behavior

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers a simple and general model of natural selection: replicator dynamics. Many animal traits and behaviors are social, in that they affect the reproductive success not just of the ... More


Darwin Vindicated: Female Choice and Sexual Selection in the House Finch

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Female mating preferences for highly ornamented males are central to Darwin's theory of sexual selection. Mate-choice experiments with House Finches, both the laboratory and in the field, showed ... More


The Timing and Patterning of Flowering

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the factors that affect the timing and patterning of flowering, as well as the effects of different flowering patterns on pollination outcomes. Plants should flower in ways that ... More


Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Patterns and Processes

Kathleen Cole (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264335
eISBN:
9780520947979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264335.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine fishes represent astonishing diversity with respect to practically every aspect of their biology. Reproductive modes and sexual patterns are especially fascinating and provide deep insight ... More


Evolution 101: The Power of Natural Selection

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some definitions and fundamental concepts of evolutionary biology, with a particular focus on the power of natural selection to improve the adaptation of individual plants and ... More


Biological Foundations of Sexual Orientation

Alexander K. Hill, Khytam Dawood, and David A. Puts

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores possible causes of sexual orientation. In recent decades there has been a profusion of research into both proximate and ultimate causes underlying variation in sexual ... More


Breeding, cub survival, and female reproductive success

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Cheetahs are aseasonal breeders, with a weak tendency towards seasonality corresponding to the birth peak in springbok lambs. Cub survival from birth to adolescence was 31.3% compared with 4.8% in ... More


Individual Fitness and the Measurement of Univariate Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter examines various estimates of the fitness of an individual, focusing on statistical issues and potential sources of bias. With estimates of individual fitness in hand, one can then ... More


Predicting Populations by Modeling Individuals

Bruce Glymour

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the concept of evolutionary theory (ET), which is defined here as a theory about how frequencies of types change in populations and how this change is related to natural ... More


Reproductive Strategies in Female Postgenerative Life

Johannes Johow, Eckart Voland, and Kai P. Willführ

in Evolution's Empress: Darwinian Perspectives on the Nature of Women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199892747
eISBN:
9780199332786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892747.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Women’s postgenerative longevity represents one of the major puzzles in Darwinian theory. This chapter argues that cooperative breeding fits well as an evolutionary explanation for increased ... More


The mating system

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Coalition formation in the cheetah is considered to enhance male reproductive success, although no evidence to support this was gleaned in this study. Females advertised oestrus by spray-urinating ... More


Maternal Influences on Development, Social Relationships, and Survival Behaviors

Jill M. Mateo

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter presents an overview of potential maternal effects on behavioral development, including pre- and postnatal effects of social experiences, stress, and seasonality on the expression of ... More


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