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Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Ted Anderson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

After the chicken, the House Sparrow is the most widely distributed bird species in the world, occurring on all continents except Antarctica and on most human-inhabited islands. Although its Latin ... More


Toward an Evolutionary-Developmental Explanation of Alternative Reproductive Strategies: The Central Role of Switch-Controlled Modular Systems

Bruce J. Ellis

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter advances a theory of the development of individual differences in reproductive strategies by drawing on the West–Eberhard model of switch-controlled systems. The first part of the ... More


Arctic foxes: Consequences of resource predictability in the Arctic fox—two life history strategies

Anders Angerbjörn, Pall Hersteinsson, and Magnus Tannerfeldt

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the life history characteristics of two Arctic fox populations, a relatively stable one in Iceland and a fluctuating one in Sweden. Intraspecific variation in reproductive and ... More


Grandparental and Extended Kin Relationships

Harald A. Euler and Richard L. Michalski

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that grandparenthood may trigger psychological adaptations with relationship-specific features. Grandparental investment cannot be understood adequately without consideration of ... More


A Human Rights-Based Approach to Health Indicators

Paul Hunt and Gillian MacNaughton

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217908
eISBN:
9780191705380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217908.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In 1993, the World Conference on Human Rights urged the examination of ‘a system of indicators to measure progress in the realization [of ESC rights]’ because the use of specific human rights ... More


Puzzles: Sexual Dimorphism, Delayed Implantation, and Coexistence among Weasel Species

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This final chapter discusses the three most tantalizing unresolved puzzles in weasel biology: (1) sexual dimorphism (why females are so much smaller than males, and what controls the extent of this ... More


Potential Influences of Whaling on the Status and Trends of Pinniped Populations

DANIEL P. COSTA, MICHAEL J. WEISE, and JOHN P.Y. ARNOULD

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews the current trends of pinniped populations worldwide and summarizes the known or suspected reasons for recent declines. It evaluates trends in pinniped populations attributed to ... More


Breaking the back of love: attachment goes neuro-molecular

Sue White, Matthew Gibson, David Wastell, and Patricia Walsh

in Reassessing Attachment Theory in Child Welfare

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336914
eISBN:
9781447336969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336914.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explores how attachment theory is increasingly going ‘under the skin’, looking for fundamental biological mechanisms to explain behaviours and consequences. Attachment scholars and ... More


Overview of the Mating Systems of Crustacea

Alexandre V. Palaoro and Jan Beermann

in Reproductive Biology: The Natural History of the Crustacea, Volume 6

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190688554
eISBN:
9780197538272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190688554.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

Due to an exceptional variety of habitats, body plans, and lifestyles, crustaceans exhibit a wide array of mating systems. Some groups engage in simple, pure-search polygamous systems in which males ... More


Mating Systems and Floral Biology of the Herb Layer: A Survey of Two Communities and the State of Our Knowledge

Carol Goodwillie and Claudia L. Jolls

in The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837656
eISBN:
9780190267865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter presents a survey of the reproductive and floral characteristics of understory flora at two sites—Harvard Forest, Massachusetts, and Crabtree Creek, North Carolina—as well as comparative ... More


Family Histories, Reproduction, and Migration

Ester Gallo

in The Fall of Gods: Memory, Kinship, and Middle Classes in South India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199469307
eISBN:
9780199089871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199469307.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Chapter six discusses how different family models— joint, nuclear, transnational, among others—are linked to class mobility among Nambudiri migrant families. The question of the relation between ... More


Quest for the River, Creation of the Path: Akan Cultural Development to the Sixteenth Century

Kwasi Konadu

in The Akan Diaspora in the Americas

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390643
eISBN:
9780199775736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390643.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter provides a new perspective on how and why Akan culture and society developed the way they did through key formative processes based on archaeological, biomedical, linguistic, and ... More


Normalization Now

Peter Hegarty

in Gentlemen’s Disagreement: Alfred Kinsey, Lewis Terman, and the Sexual Politics of Smart Men

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226024448
eISBN:
9780226024615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024615.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the normalization of sexuality and intelligence. It explains Lewis Terman’s view on the sustained Queteletian normalization of children and sexuality, and discusses theories ... More


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