Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 38 items

  • Keywords: representativeness x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Conclusions: Implications for Governance of the UN Security Council

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the causes of informal groups of states and their effects on Security Council governance. It argues that those informal settings are changing the role of the UN Security ... More


Trustee‐Type Public Service Bargains

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses ‘trustee’ bargains, in particular, it explores the background to the notion of government as a ‘trust’ and considers the puzzle why ‘trustee’ type PSBs emerge and persist in ... More


Representation and Representativeness

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the ideas of representation, the first broad solution to the legitimacy problems in deliberative democracy. It considers the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of three different ... More


The Politics of Electoral Systems

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral systems are the central political institution in representative democracies. They convert votes into seats and structure the choices facing voters. They also affect the behaviour of ... More


Bounded Rationality in Latin-American Pension Reform

Kurt Weyland

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the decision-making process surrounding pension reform in Latin America. It argues decision to emulate the Chilean model did not follow the procedures of full, ‘economic’ ... More


New Zealand: The Consolidation of Reform?

Jack Vowles

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

New Zealand experienced fundamental electoral system reform in the mid-1990s when voters, in a referendum, decided to replace the single-member plurality system by proportional representation ... More


Denmark: Simplicity Embedded in Complexity (or is it the Other Way Round)?

Jørgen Elklit

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark has a very inclusive electoral system, combining high proportionality, low thresholds, and meaningful voter choice among candidates. Its multi-party system results in coalition governments, ... More


Conclusion

Michael Gallagher

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The origins of electoral systems are varied, with some brought into being with all-party consensus and others being introduced by majorities for clearly partisan motives. Turning to the impact of ... More


Party Membership and Party Representativeness

Anders Widfeldt

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The analysis is based on the conception of political parties as participatory and/or representative linkages between the public and their governments. Its main purpose is to investigate how the ... More


Party Positions and Voter Orientations

Hans‐Dieter Klingemann

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Focuses on two main questions. First, have the citizens of modern representative democracies been abandoned by their political parties? Second, have the parties entered an era of crisis in which ... More


Relationships Between Citizens and Political Parties

Roberto Biorcio and Renato Mannheimer

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Aims to analyse the relationship between citizens and political parties in the five most populated countries in the European Community (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK), and to specify its ... More


The Senior Civil Service in Belgium

Marleen Brans and Annie Hondeghem

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Belgian senior civil service is in transition, with external pressures clearly pushing the government firmly towards a reform agenda and improving public confidence in the administrative system, ... More


Winning is not everything

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter examines the reasons why winner’s curse is endemic in contemporary business, whether in the US or globally. Many important business decisions have the potential to encounter the winner’s ... More


Representativeness and Humanitarian Intervention

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter makes the case for the moral importance of two factors that have, to a certain extent, been neglected in the literature on humanitarian intervention. First, it argues that an ... More


Who were the Participants?

Patrick Fournier, Henk van der Kolk, R. Kenneth Carty, André Blais, and Jonathan Rose

in When Citizens Decide: Lessons from Citizen Assemblies on Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567843
eISBN:
9780191728655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567843.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Random selection in the organization of citizen assemblies was adopted to create an assembly that was as representative as possible of the population. At the same time, only those who expressed an ... More


Heuristic‐Driven Bias: The First Theme

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Statistics and probability are essential concepts when it comes to risk. Yet, most people have poor intuition about statistics and probabilities. Instead of behaving like professional statisticians, ... More


Inefficient Markets: The Third Theme

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Markets are efficient when prices coincide with intrinsic value. Heuristic‐driven bias and frame dependence combine to render markets inefficient. Representativeness leads to the winner–loser effect, ... More


Global Philanthropy and Global Governance: The Problematic Moral Legitimacy of the Relationship between Global Civil Society and the United Nations

Kenneth Anderson

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter traces the history of NGOs beginning in the late 1980s through 9/11 and the Iraq war. Thematically, this historical account highlights the relationship many NGOs enjoyed with the United ... More


A Model of Investor Sentiment

Andrei Shleifer

in Inefficient Markets: An Introduction to Behavioral Finance

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292272
eISBN:
9780191596933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292279.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Studies how investors form their beliefs. It begins with an overview of some of the empirical violations of market efficiency that recent models of investor sentiment try to address. It then presents ... More


Open‐Ended Mutual Funds: Misframing, “Hot Hands,” and Obfuscation Games

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Misframing and heuristic‐driven bias combine to confuse investors about the relative contributions of skill and luck in fund performance. Investors invariably attribute excessive weight to skill, and ... More


View: