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Supervaluationism, Indirect Speech Reports, and Demonstratives

Rosanna Keefe

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can supervaluationism successfully handle indirect speech reports? This chapter considers and rejects Schiffer's claim that they cannot. One alleged problem with indirect speech reports is that the ... More


Relativism and Monadic Truth

Herman Cappelen and John Hawthorne

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199560554
eISBN:
9780191720963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560554.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Relativism has dominated many intellectual circles, past and present, but the 20th century saw it banished to the fringes of mainstream analytic philosophy. Of late, however, it is making something ... More


Indexicality and Context-Shift

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This chapter argues that the notion of ‘context’ that has to be used in the study of indexicals is far from univocal. Several distinctions are made, including one between the context of the ... More


Incorporating Other Voices

Jeanne Fahnestock

in Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764129
eISBN:
9780199918928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764129.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Set in larger, persisting communicative situations, rhetorical discourse often features language attributed to other speakers and texts. Speaking for others was especially important in ancient ... More


‘Bamboozled by our Own Words’: Semantic Blindness and Some Objections to Contextualism

Keith DeRose

in The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter addresses several objections to contextualism, some of which have been prominent: objections from judgments of comparative content, and objections based on how ‘know(s)’ behaves within ... More


The Language of Insanity 2: The Words of the Insane

R. A. HOUSTON

in Madness and Society in Eighteenth-Century Scotland

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207870
eISBN:
9780191677830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207870.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses what can and cannot be said about the mental world of the mad or foolish through an examination of their writings and reported ... More


Putting a sentence together

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

We start with a brief outline of kinds of clauses in Amazonian languages. We then turn to various techniques of putting clauses together into one sentence. Numerous Arawak, Carib and Tupí languages ... More


The grammar of knowledge: a cross-linguistic view of evidentials and the expression of information source

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Grammar of Knowledge: A Cross-Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701316
eISBN:
9780191770593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701316.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Every language has a way of speaking about how one knows what one says, and what one thinks about what one knows. In any language, there are ways of phrasing inferences, assumptions, probabilities ... More


Reporting

Hugo Bowles

in Dickens and the Stenographic Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198829072
eISBN:
9780191872648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829072.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines Dickens’s use of shorthand as a law reporter at Doctors Commons, in the Gallery of Parliament and as a journalist. It describes the culture of reporting in each environment ... More


Reporting Talk When Testifying: Intertextuality, Consistency, and Transformation in Witnesses’ Use of Direct Reported Speech

Renata Galatolo

in Law at Work: Studies in Legal Ethnomethods

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190210243
eISBN:
9780190210267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210243.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on cases of consistency, across different testimonies of the same trial, in representing the ‘same’ discursive event using direct reported speech (DRS). This consistency emerged ... More


When Friends Who Talk Together Stalk Together: Online Gossip as Metacommunication

Graham M. Jones, Bambi B. Schieffelin, and Rachel E. Smith

in Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199795437
eISBN:
9780199919321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795437.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Drawing on instant messaging (IM) conversations recorded between 2006 and 2009, this chapter analyzes American teenagers' normative assessments of peers' online practices. These assessments do not ... More


Complex sentences and clause linking

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Art of Grammar: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199683215
eISBN:
9780191764912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683215.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses clause linking and complex clauses. A sentence consists of at least one main clause. The chapter starts with the coordination of two or more clauses of the same status. The ... More


Embedding Police Interviews in the Prosecution Case in the Shipman Trial

Alison Johnson

in Legal-Lay Communication: Textual Travels in the Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199746842
eISBN:
9780199345052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746842.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In this chapter, Alison Johnson focuses on intertextual construction in an English criminal case. Johnson reveals how the police interviews are used by barristers in the criminal trial of Dr Harold ... More


Only Translating? The role of the interpreter

Philipp Sebastian Angermeyer

in Speak English or What?: Codeswitching and Interpreter Use in New York City Courts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199337569
eISBN:
9780190235741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337569.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Chapter 4 focuses on the court interpreters and the institutional norms that govern their participation in court proceedings. A particular focus is the requirement to use direct translation—that is, ... More


Reply to Strawson 1: Continuity of Topic, Samesaying, and the Contestation Theory

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents one strategy for responding to Strawson’s challenge that appeals to the idea that sameness of extension does not track samesaying. If a sentence p contains a context-sensitive ... More


Saying, seeing, and knowing among the Karawari of Papua New Guinea

Borut Telban

in The Grammar of Knowledge: A Cross-Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701316
eISBN:
9780191770593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701316.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

While grammatical expression of information source and evidential marking among the Karawari-speaking Ambonwari of East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, may be lacking there are other lexical means ... More


The coded bribery event of Federal Judge Alcee Hastings

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Bribery Cases

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945139
eISBN:
9780199345922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945139.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

After being acquitted in a bribery trial, the US Congress believed (but couldn’t prove) that the evidence tapes in his case contained coded references to the bribery. I was asked to determine whether ... More


Meaning, Thought, and Thought Ascription

Mark Richard

in Meanings as Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198842811
eISBN:
9780191878732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842811.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, American Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion of propositions and propositional attitudes begun in Chapters 3 and 4. Section 1 sketches a view of attitudes and attitude ascription. Section 2 addresses how ... More


Post-penetration Rape: Coercion or Freely Given Consent?

Susan Ehrlich

in Discursive Constructions of Consent in the Legal Process

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199945351
eISBN:
9780190279219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945351.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter analyzes a particular type of rape case that has appeared relatively recently in U.S. courts—that of post-penetration rape. More specifically, it argues, on the basis of one particular ... More


Conceptual Evolution and Reference

Mark Richard

in Meanings as Species

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198842811
eISBN:
9780191878732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842811.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, American Philosophy

A word’s meaning, according to the argument of Chapter 3, is constituted by certain presuppositions that it is common ground speakers associate with uses of the word. Presumably there can be changes ... More


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