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Conflicting messages: genomic imprinting and internal communication

David Haig

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Behavioural ecology and cell biology both use the language of communication and signalling. In cell biology, signaller and receiver are cells of a single body or molecules encoded by a single genome ... More


Memes, Minds, and Imagination

SUSAN BLACKMORE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter determines the existence of human imagination and creativity through the concept of human culture and meme. It aims to rebut the two assumptions governing creative imagination in humans. ... More


Models of Social Behavior

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers a simple and general model of natural selection: replicator dynamics. Many animal traits and behaviors are social, in that they affect the reproductive success not just of the ... More


Nonadditive Interactions and Hamilton’s Rule

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines what happens in nonadditive interactions when such interactions take place between relatives, and how Hamilton's rule can be extended in two different ways to accommodate such ... More


Evolution and Learning

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Studies evolution and learning. The discussion includes fictitious play and replicator dynamics, and stochastic stability is considered at length. Following this, some detailed discussion of ... More


Replications and Their Assessment

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses replication. The crucial role of replication is well established in science generally. The undetected equipment failure, the rare and possibly random human errors of procedure, ... More


Basic Dynamic Analysis

Fernando Vega‐Redondo

in Evolution, Games, and Economic Behaviour

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774723
eISBN:
9780191596971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774729.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Approaches evolutionary analysis from a dynamic viewpoint by introducing the Replicator Dynamics (RD)—a simple formalization of Darwinian Natural Selection. It revisits many of the issues addressed ... More


Many Gods, Many Wagers: Pascal’s Wager Meets the Replicator Dynamics

Paul Bartha

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The many-gods objection is perhaps the most famous criticism levelled against Pascal’s wager. This chapter offers a response that combines two main ideas. The first is the development of the ... More


Replicators and Larger-than-Life Examples

Kellie Michele Evans

in New Constructions in Cellular Automata

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137170
eISBN:
9780197561652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780195137170.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

After watching a substantial number of cellular automaton dynamics generated by rules containing suitable ingredients, eventually a particular time-dependent pattern catches the eye. A ... More


RATIONALITY AND EVOLUTION

Peter. Danielson

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Rationality and evolution are apparently quite different, applying, respectively, to the acts of complex, well-informed individuals and to populations of what may be mindlessly simple entities. So it ... More


Peptide Nucleic Acids as Prebiotic and Abiotic Genetic Material

Peter E. Nielsen

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter presents some of the experimental evidence for replication at the molecular level. It discusses molecular replicators in terms of enzyme-catalyzed replication, minimal molecular ... More


Taking memetics seriously: Memetics will be what we make it

David L. Hull

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reports the author's personal view of what contemporary philosophy of biology has to say about memes-as-replicators. It is noted that memeticists cannot begin to understand what the ... More


Cells, Bodies, and Brains

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter describes evolution as a long-running algorithm that has designed all species on Earth. Evolution, a process discovered by Charles Darwin, has been working for more than four billion ... More


Mid-latitude and Tropical Cirrus: Microphysical Properties

Andrew J. Heymsfield and Greg M. McFarquhar

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Cirrus, a principal cloud type that forms at low temperatures in the upper troposphere, is composed almost always of ice crystals (Heymsfield and Miloshevich 1989) and ... More


Fairness in Income Distribution

Venkat Venkatasubramanian

in How Much Inequality Is Fair?: Mathematical Principles of a Moral, Optimal, and Stable Capitalist Society

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231180726
eISBN:
9780231543224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180726.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter, we develop the complete mathematical formalism for π‎-class societies at equilibrium. We prove that the fairest income inequality is lognormal, attained at equilibrium, in an ideal ... More


The Theory of Life’s Origins

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Theoretical studies (philosophy, mathematical modelling, computer simulations, genomics and bioinformatics) have had a profound influence on our understanding of life’s origins. Replication-first and ... More


Life at the Very Beginning I: The Chemistry of the First Biomolecules

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Before life could begin, the basic building blocks of replicators were required. In this chapter the biochemical explanations for the spontaneous emergence of sugar moieties, nucleobases, nucleosides ... More


Group Selection and the Origins of Life and Death

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Group selection theory was, and to some extent still is, one of the most controversial topics in biology. It is interesting that the origins of life and death syntheses invoke group selection in some ... More


Natural Selection and its Representation

Peter Godfrey-Smith

in Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199552047
eISBN:
9780191810350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552047.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Darwin's original ideas and theories, and uses the traditional way of presenting an abstract summary of the central process in his theory of natural selection. Darwin ... More


General Principles of Biological Hierarchical Systems

Ilya Tëmkin and Emanuele Serrelli

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This contribution sets the stage for the following selection of articles addressing general aspects of the hierarchy theory of evolution. It does so by reviewing basic principles of hierarchical ... More


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