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DANGERS, RIGHTS, AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The desirability of computers making moral decisions poses an array of future dangers that are difficult to anticipate but will, nevertheless, need to be monitored and managed. Public policy and ... More


Alive or Dead?

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The classical view of viruses as intracellular parasites requiring available molecular machinery to replicate themselves suggests that they can be considered as some sort of program. In this context, ... More


The Origin of Life Was an Evolutionary Transition in Individuality

Pierre M. Durand

in The Evolutionary Origins of Life and Death

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226747620
eISBN:
9780226747934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226747934.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The complexity of the living world can be described as a series of evolutionary transitions. A subset of these are the ETIs (evolutionary transitions in individuality), the theory of which explains ... More


DNA metabarcoding data analysis

Pierre Taberlet, Aurélie Bonin, Lucie Zinger, and Eric Coissac

in Environmental DNA: For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198767220
eISBN:
9780191821387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767220.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

DNA metabarcoding generates huge amounts of data containing noise introduced by molecular methods. Chapter 8 “DNA metabarcoding data analysis” discusses the analytic steps and available software to ... More


The Matrix Chemistry as an Example

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses an in-depth example of an Artificial Chemistry. This algorithmic chemistry is based on the matrix calculus of Mathematics and is used to explore the simplicity of AC ... More


Patents and the Ordinary Pursuits of Life

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

in The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.003.0009
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

This chapter examines the battle for control between patent owners and purchasers of patented devices. By proclaiming users who violated the use restrictions as patent infringers, patent owners ... More


Population Analysis of Liposomes with Protein Synthesis and a Cascading Genetic Network

Takeshi Sunami, Kanetomo Sato, Keitaro Ishikawa, and Tetsuya Yomo

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the assembly of a minimal self-replicating protocell. It centers on the minimal thermodynamic coupling between the three functional structures: container, metabolism, and ... More


Replicator Dynamics in Protocells

Peter F. Stadler and Barbel M. R. Stadler

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter examines the development of non-enzymatic self-replicating systems based on nucleotidic and nonnucleotidic precursors. It discusses issues concerning nucleic acid replicators, chemical ... More


Sexual Selection in the Biodigital: Teknolust and the Weird Life of SRAs

Jussi Parikka

in Insect Media: An Archaeology of Animals and Technology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816667390
eISBN:
9781452947075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816667390.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter looks at the ethological relations of digital culture and software through an example of feminist media art, Lynn Hershman-Leeson’s film Teknolust (2002). This film is an unusual ... More


How to Quantify Urbanization When Testing for Urban Evolution?

Marta Szulkin, Colin J. Garroway, Michela Corsini, Andrzej Z. Kotarba, and Davide Dominoni

in Urban Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198836841
eISBN:
9780191873843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836841.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Research in urban evolution requires that the features of cities are accurately captured for input into evolutionary models. Until recently, the evolutionary effects of cities have often been ... More


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