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What Difference does a Job Make? The Income Consequences of Joblessness in Europe

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines replacement rates across Europe using an integrated European tax-benefit model. It is argued that the household context must be taken into account when comparing measures of ... More


The Evolution of Public Sector Pension Plans in the United States

Robert L. Clark, Lee A. Craig, and Neveen Ahmed

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Municipal governments in the United States began offering retirement plans for their workers in the mid-nineteenth century, and state governments followed in the early twentieth century. As these ... More


Retirement Saving Adequacy and Individual Investment Risk Management Using the Asset/Salary Ratio

P. Brett Hammond and David P. Richardson

in Reorienting Retirement Risk Management

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199592609
eISBN:
9780191594618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592609.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter uses a concept dubbed the asset/salary ratio (ASR) to examine factors that boost the chances that defined contribution plan participants will have sufficient assets to generate adequate ... More


Reorienting Retirement Risk Management

Robert L. Clark and Olivia S. Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199592609
eISBN:
9780191594618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592609.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Retirement risk management must be dramatically overhauled if workers and retirees are to better prepare themselves to meet future retirement challenges. Recent economic events including the global ... More


The Evolution of Retirement Risk Management

Robert L. Clark and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Reorienting Retirement Risk Management

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199592609
eISBN:
9780191594618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592609.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Leading academics, public pension sponsors, and their advisors offer new research on ways to reformulate and restructure retirement risk management. This chapter summarizes the research findings ... More


Retirement Replacement Rates: What and How

Andrew G. Biggs

in Retirement System Risk Management: Implications of the New Regulatory Order

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198787372
eISBN:
9780191835483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787372.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Replacement rate targets are a commonly used tool in retirement planning, measured as the ratio of retirement income to pre-retirement earnings. Yet there is an active debate on how replacement rates ... More


How Important is Asset Allocation to Americans’ Financial Retirement Security?

Alicia H. Munnell, Natalia Orlova, and Anthony Webb

in The Market for Retirement Financial Advice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683772
eISBN:
9780191763359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683772.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Financial advice tends to focus on financial assets, but other levers may be more important for most households. This chapter proceeds in three stages. First, we report a simple Excel spreadsheet ... More


How Big Is the Problem?

Charles D. Ellis, Alicia H. Munnell, and Andrew D. Eschtruth

in Falling Short: The Coming Retirement Crisis and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190218898
eISBN:
9780190218928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190218898.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the specific causes and size of America’s worsening retirement problem. It first sets out a goal for households: to save enough to maintain their pre-retirement standard of ... More


Are Retirees Falling Short? Reconciling the Conflicting Evidence

Alicia H. Munnell, Matthew S. Rutledge, and Anthony Webb

in Reimagining Pensions: The Next 40 Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755449
eISBN:
9780191816673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755449.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The National Retirement Risk Index shows that more than half of working-age households are at risk of failing to maintain their pre-retirement standard of living in retirement. In contrast, two other ... More


Demographic Transitions

Charles S. Pearson

in On the Cusp: From Population Boom to Bust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190223915
eISBN:
9780190223946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223915.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The demographic transition (DT) is the principal schema for explaining past and projected demographic variables. This chapter presents key statistics, notes and differentiates two demographic ... More


Saving Social Security

William G. Gale

in Fiscal Therapy: Balancing Today's Needs with Tomorrow's Obligations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190645410
eISBN:
9780190939175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645410.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

Social Security is among the nation’s most popular and successful programs, as discussed in Chapter 8, providing crucial income every year for tens of millions of retirees, surviving spouses, ... More


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