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Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Sample size determination is an important and often difficult step in planning an empirical study. From a statistical perspective, sample size depends on the following factors: type of analysis to be ... More


Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book begins with a careful development of fundamental concepts, including the notions of a repeated game, strategy, and equilibrium. It synthesizes and unifies the vast body of work in repeated ... More


 Introduction

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter introduces the basic unifying principle of work in repeated games and reputations, namely that continuation play in repeated interactions can be used to create intertemporal incentives ... More


 The Basic Structure of Repeated Games with Perfect Monitoring

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter introduces the basic concepts of a stage game, repeated game with perfect monitoring, subgame-perfect equilibrium, and the one-shot deviation principle; introduces the use of automata to ... More


 How Long Is Forever

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter explores the meaning and interpretation of an infinitely repeated game. It examines finitely repeated games and infinitely repeated games with declining discount factors, and the ... More


Keeping Time: Remembering, Repeating, and Working Through

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses Freud’s thoughts about memory and the inter-related concepts of remembering, repeating, and working through. Freud believes that the present mind contains the past, though ... More


 Finitely Repeated Games

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents examples of finitely repeated perfect-monitoring games of the type in which reputation arguments were first introduced, including the prisoners’ dilemma with a tit-for-tat ... More


Tandem repeats

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The discovery and characterisation of tandem repeat DNA has been of fundamental importance in the analysis of human genetic variation. The nature and origins of satellite, minisatellite, and ... More


Reciprocity

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The folk theorem shows that cooperative behavior can be sustained as a Nash equilibrium in indefinitely repeated games — a phenomenon known as reciprocal altruism. The same theorem offers a solution ... More


Down to detail

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

An important part of the planning of any project is the construction of a detailed protocol or research plan. This should be detailed enough that someone else could read it and see exactly what was ... More


 Repeating Yourself

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter studies games played by the same players over and over again. The strategies in repeated games are modeled as finite automata, and a version of the folk theorem is proved. This says that ... More


The Construction of Index Numbers for Contract Settlement

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

When creating indices intended for use in cash settlement of futures contracts (or perpetual claims or options, or swaps, or other over‐the‐counter forward contracts or retail insurance contracts), ... More


Index Numbers: Issues and Alternatives

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses the fact that creating index numbers for settlement of contracts requires some judgement, and that no single method is likely to be applicable to all circumstances—there are ... More


Baptism (Maṣbuta)

Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley

in The Mandaeans: Ancient Texts and Modern People

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153859
eISBN:
9780199834051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153855.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

The Mandaean ritual of Mašbuta or baptism is described. This is a process of immersion in running water (which is the form that the Lightworld takes on earth), and is not an initiatory baptism, but ... More


The Ṭabahata Masiqta

Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley

in The Mandaeans: Ancient Texts and Modern People

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153859
eISBN:
9780199834051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153855.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Investigates another creation of the Mandaean laufa (the connection between earth and the Lightworld), that of the masiqta or death mass. The specific masiqta described here is the Ṭabahata masiqta, ... More


Cooperative Homo economicus

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines whether recent advances in the theory of repeated games, as exemplified by the so-called folk theorem and related models, address the shortcomings of the self-interest based ... More


Your Ancients

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the historical roots of false-memory research. Although the systematic study of false memory in normal subjects is a comparatively recent phenomenon, the history of psychology ... More


Is Co-operation Habit-Forming?

Paul Seabright

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Common sense would suggest people who have cooperated in the past would find it easier to cooperate in the future. This chapter examines a number of issues related to cooperation and trust with ... More


Introduction

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Introduces key technical terms referring to the composition and transmission of oral tradition, and proposes a general theoretical model for studying the various elements of Jewish oral tradition in ... More


Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California

Franklin E. Zimring, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195171174
eISBN:
9780199849765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

“Getting tough on crime” has been one of the favorite rallying cries of American politicians in the last two decades, and “getting tough” on repeat offenders has been particularly popular. “Three ... More


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