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Normative Political Economy

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Government can and should be actively concerned with the relief of poverty. But there is no ethical principle defining the proper distribution of wealth between occupational or other social groups, ... More


Political Competition and the Reform Trajectories of Post‐Communist States

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The quality of political competition at the moment of regime change determined whether East European states embarked on a liberal or an illiberal pattern of political change after 1989. It was ... More


Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The empirical variation between the political trajectories of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, on the one hand, and Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, on the other, is striking in the early ... More


The Emergence of Republican Rights

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The twentieth century was the century of democracy and of globalization. In its first part, it was the century of social rights; in its last quarter, the century of republican rights–the right that ... More


Political Economy and Natural Resource Use

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines evidence on the four ways in which a nation’s political system and its natural resource use are linked. First, when property rights to resources are weak, competition to acquire ... More


Institutional Theory

Alan D. Morrison and William J. Wilhelm Jr.

in Investment Banking: Institutions, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296576
eISBN:
9780191712036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296576.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the importance of property rights in capitalist economies. It provides a general definition of property, and then discusses the institutions that enforce property rights. It ... More


Better Development Through Better Policy?: Development Aid's Challenges at the Collective-Choice Level

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the obstacles and possibilities for development at the collective-choice level, and discusses the difficulties most likely to thwart efforts to solve collective-action ... More


Monopoly, Market Structure, and Economies of Scale

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the effects of protection on domestic monopoly profits, allows for economies of scale, and analyses the X‐efficiency effects of protection, rent‐seeking, and various kinds of dumping.


Establishment and Governance of the Antebellum Bank

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Bank chartering in early America was high‐stakes politics. Legislators were asked to create corporations with governance structures and corporate hierarchies that would be accountable and ... More


Business Groups

Geoffrey Jones

in Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter shows how British trading companies built extensive and complex business groups to facilitate diversification. They employed a variety of institutional and contractual modes—including ... More


Introduction

Tito Boeri, Agar Brugiavini, Lars Calmfors, Alison Booth, Michael Burda, Daniele Checchi, Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Richard Freeman, Pietro Garibaldi, Bertil Holmlund, Robin Naylor, Martin Schludi, Thierry Verdier, and Jelle Visser

in The Role of Unions in the Twenty-first Century: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246588
eISBN:
9780191596001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246580.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In this part of the volume, the overall theme is the policy dilemma created by the many different activities of trade union in the field of welfare provision, notably pension policies and ... More


Conclusions

Tito Boeri, Agar Brugiavini, Lars Calmfors, Alison Booth, Michael Burda, Daniele Checchi, Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Richard Freeman, Pietro Garibaldi, Bertil Holmlund, Robin Naylor, Martin Schludi, Thierry Verdier, and Jelle Visser

in The Role of Unions in the Twenty-first Century: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246588
eISBN:
9780191596001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246580.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Summarizes the main findings of this part of the report, stressing how the seniority bias in unions leads to economic outcomes that are more favourable to older workers. It analyses the ways in which ... More


Origins of the Growth‐Promoting State

Chris Bramall

in Sources of Chinese Economic Growth, 1978-1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296973
eISBN:
9780191596018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296975.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

Heterodox interpretations of Chinese economic growth are undoubtedly correct in pinpointing the critical and successful role played by the state in the growth of the transition era. However, ... More


Conclusion

Chris Bramall

in Sources of Chinese Economic Growth, 1978-1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296973
eISBN:
9780191596018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296975.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

China's experience during the transition era shows that its state followed the developmental model pioneered in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. In China, as elsewhere in East Asia, the developmental ... More


Institutional Economics and the State in Economic Development

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at the institutions that are pertinent to economic development and at the institutional impediments to growth, drawing on several strands of the literature on organizational ... More


Alternative Formulations of the Thesis

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

This chapter reformulates the social democracy thesis in several ways: as rent-seeking, as simple labor market micro-foundations interacting with ownership structures, as ownership concentration ... More


Developing Countries and the GATT/WTO System: Some Reflections on the Idea of Free Trade and Doha Round Trade Negotiations

Bs Chimni

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter sketches the general or popular sources of free trade skepticism among ordinary citizens, civil society organizations, and policy makers in developing countries. It argues that the ... More


Weak States and Humanitarian Emergencies: Failure, Predation, and Rent-Seeking

RAIMO VÄYRYNEN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Complex humanitarian emergencies are always assumed to be the end results of impersonal forces – such as economic stagnation, political decay, and natural disasters – which bring the nation to the ... More


Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation

Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235261
eISBN:
9780191715617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the 1990s, development policy advocated by international financial institutions was influenced by the so-called Washington Consensus thinking. This strategy, based largely on liberalization, ... More


Interlinkages between Security and Development

Gurudas Das

in Security and Development in India's Northeast

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079781
eISBN:
9780199081738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079781.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter analyses the two-way linkages between insurgency and economic development. The various channels through which one influences the other have been examined. It is observed that ... More


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