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Normative Political Economy

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Government can and should be actively concerned with the relief of poverty. But there is no ethical principle defining the proper distribution of wealth between occupational or other social groups, ... More


Adding Value

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter describes financial relationships between competitive advantage, economic rent, added value, and various other measures of firm performance.


The Emergence of Republican Rights

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The twentieth century was the century of democracy and of globalization. In its first part, it was the century of social rights; in its last quarter, the century of republican rights–the right that ... More


Political Competition and the Reform Trajectories of Post‐Communist States

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The quality of political competition at the moment of regime change determined whether East European states embarked on a liberal or an illiberal pattern of political change after 1989. It was ... More


Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The empirical variation between the political trajectories of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, on the one hand, and Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, on the other, is striking in the early ... More


Political Economy and Natural Resource Use

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines evidence on the four ways in which a nation’s political system and its natural resource use are linked. First, when property rights to resources are weak, competition to acquire ... More


Government Intervention, Rent Distribution, and Economic Development in Korea

Yoon Je Cho

in The Role of Government in East Asian Economic Development: Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198294917
eISBN:
9780191715501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294917.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses how economic rent was created and distributed in the course of economic development in Korea, focusing on government intervention in the financial market. The Korean experience ... More


Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy

Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, and Torbjörn Bergman

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this chapter, we take a closer look at democratic accountability outcomes. The evidence strongly and broadly suggests that cohesive and competitive political parties and governments help reduce ... More


Introduction

Jane Whittle

in The Development of Agrarian Capitalism: Land and Labour in Norfolk 1440-1580

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208426
eISBN:
9780191677991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208426.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to explore the early beginnings of agrarian capitalism in England. The question of ... More


 The Case against Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Corporations

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Only the most rabid proponents deny the potential for MNCs and FDI to inflict costs and harm on large numbers of people and countries. This chapter is the equivalent of a law brief, this time ... More


Institutional Theory

Alan D. Morrison and William J. Wilhelm Jr.

in Investment Banking: Institutions, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296576
eISBN:
9780191712036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296576.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the importance of property rights in capitalist economies. It provides a general definition of property, and then discusses the institutions that enforce property rights. It ... More


The Value of Competitive Advantage

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Using examples from supermarket chains, car manufacturers, and banks, this chapter explains how competitive advantage can be quantified in the form of added value or economic rent. It is then ... More


Better Development Through Better Policy?: Development Aid's Challenges at the Collective-Choice Level

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the obstacles and possibilities for development at the collective-choice level, and discusses the difficulties most likely to thwart efforts to solve collective-action ... More


Housing allowances in comparative perspective

Peter Kemp (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347541
eISBN:
9781447302506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347541.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Housing allowances have become increasingly important policy instruments in the advanced welfare states. Operating at the interface between housing and social security policy, they provide ... More


Property Rights as Solutions to the Problems of Open Access: Options and Constraints

Gary D. Libecap

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines why property rights that directly address externalities and link individual incentives with social objectives for resource use are not the first policy response to open access. ... More


The Political Economy of Industrial Policy in Asia and Latin America

Mushtaq H. Khan and Stephanie Blankenburg

in Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235261
eISBN:
9780191715617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the viability and effectiveness of industrial policies for catching up in relation to state-led management of rents throughout the process of social transformation. A crucial ... More


Monopoly, Market Structure, and Economies of Scale

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the effects of protection on domestic monopoly profits, allows for economies of scale, and analyses the X‐efficiency effects of protection, rent‐seeking, and various kinds of dumping.


Political Economy and Industrial Policy

Jean‐Jacques Laffont

in Incentives and Political Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248681
eISBN:
9780191596575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248680.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter considers a variety of issues in industrial policy by modelling the trade‐off between informational rents and efficiency distortions. It is shown that political imperfections affect ... More


Establishment and Governance of the Antebellum Bank

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Bank chartering in early America was high‐stakes politics. Legislators were asked to create corporations with governance structures and corporate hierarchies that would be accountable and ... More


Business Groups

Geoffrey Jones

in Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter shows how British trading companies built extensive and complex business groups to facilitate diversification. They employed a variety of institutional and contractual modes—including ... More


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