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Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


Scepticism Comes Alive

Bryan Frances

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The nagging voice of the sceptic has always been present in epistemology. Over the last thirty years or so, philosophers have thought of several promising ways to counter the radical sceptic. For ... More


Goodman's Progress

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

With the worries about Goodman on the table, this chapter introduces an alternative set of conditions: a modified form of Goodman’s relative repleteness, syntactic sensitivity, and semantic richness. ... More


 Morality

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between morality, the informal public system that people use when making moral decisions, and a moral theory, which provides an explanation and justification of morality. ... More


Contextualism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the thesis of contextualism about knowledge attributions, which is the view that the proposition expressed by a sentence such as ‘John knows that the bank is open at 2 p.m. ... More


The Relevant Alternatives Account of Perceptual Knowledge

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests that the relationship between perceptual knowledge and discrimination fits very neatly with an intuition that is widespread in epistemology, what is referred to as the core ... More


Relevant Alternatives and Closure

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the closure principle and the problem it poses for the relevant alternatives account of perceptual knowledge. It then turns to a new position known as ... More


A Two-Tiered Relevant Alternatives Theory

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for the replacement of the relevant alternatives account of perceptual knowledge with two-tiered view that is cast along the same lines. This two-tiered relevant alternatives ... More


Paraconsistent Set Theory

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The major topic of this chapter is set theory, and specifically the shape of an acceptable paraconsistent set theory. It reviews what is currently known about the matter and suggests some new ideas. ... More


Supporting Voice in Women Living with HIV/AIDS

Rosanna F. DeMarco

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes the ways in which self-silencing theory can be used to understand the experiences of women in inner-city Boston living with HIV/AIDS. The author discusses how the ... More


Social Work with Latinos: A Cultural Assets Paradigm

Melvin Delgado

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195301182
eISBN:
9780199863679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301182.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Despite evidence showing Latinos to be among the fastest growing populations in the US, very little attention has been given to practice with Latino individuals, families, and communities. Beginning ... More


Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Social indicators are an important tool for evaluating a country's level of social development and for assessing the impact of policy. Such indicators are already in use in investigating poverty and ... More


Broadening the Discussion

Christopher Bjork

in High-Stakes Schooling: What We Can Learn from Japan's Experiences with Testing, Accountability, and Education Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226309385
eISBN:
9780226309552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309552.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Chapter nine expands the scope of the discussion to include evidence from other nations that have introduced ambitious educational reforms recently. The commonalities between initiatives enacted in ... More


Introduction: Contextualism, Invariantism, Skepticism, and What Goes On in Ordinary Conversation

Keith DeRose

in The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

In this initial exposition of contextualism, the view is explained and distinguished from other views, and especially from its rival, invariantism, whose two main forms, classical invariantism and ... More


Entanglements: Conversations on the Human Traces of Science, Technology, and Sound

Simone Tosoni and Trevor Pinch

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035279
eISBN:
9780262336550
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035279.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Based on several rounds of academic interview and conversations with Trevor Pinch, the book introduces the reader to the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS), and in particular to the social ... More


Conclusion: Future theoretical and empirical directions within a neuroconstructivist framework

Annette Karmiloff-Smith and Emily K. Farran

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0085
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses how a neuroconstructivist, multidisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders. The neuroconstructivist approach raises cross-syndrome ... More


Renormalization group and scaling

Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

in Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577224
eISBN:
9780191722943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Mean-field theory is usually taken as a first step toward understanding critical phenomena, providing an overview that reveals qualitative behaviour of physical quantities. However, it is necessary ... More


Relevance in Reasoning

Neil Tennant

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explains an approach to relevantization of logical reasoning that seeks to maximize epistemic gain. It does so by retaining Disjunctive Syllogism and making admissible only a restricted ... More


Law and Legislation on Land, Debt, and Marriage

Linxia Liang

in Delivering Justice in Qing China: Civil Trials in the Magistrate's Court

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263990
eISBN:
9780191734373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263990.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses the sources that are used for solving civil cases. It looks at the active role of legislation in meeting and shaping changing situations. It attempts to answer what were the ... More


Disarming the Live Sceptical Threat

Bryan Frances

in Scepticism Comes Alive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The live sceptic’s threat is disarmed by taking away their sword: making the factors that threaten one’s beliefs lose their punch without meeting them head on. In this way, the mere mortal need not ... More


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