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Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

T. A. Cavanaugh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Consequentialists oppose while absolutists and deontologists rely upon double-effect reasoning (DER) to address hard cases in which good inextricably binds with evil (such as destroying a legitimate ... More


Minimal Semantics

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Seeks to defend a formal (e.g. truth-conditional) approach to semantic theorizing from advocates of so-called ‘dual pragmatics’ (e.g. relevance theorists or contextualists). I argue, first, that ... More


Epilogue

Linda Granowetter

in The Edge of Medicine: Stories of Dying Children and Their Parents

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389272
eISBN:
9780199979219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389272.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine

The epilogue, written by the Chief of the Division of Pediatric Oncology/Hematology at a major tertiary care teaching hospital, reflects her particular and informed perspective on these narratives ... More


 The Social Relevance of Spirits

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 8 considers the relevance of spirits to everyday life (e.g. healing, counseling, etc.). It offers a generalizable explanation for the widespread attribution of personal misfortune to ... More


The i/f distinction's ethical import

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues the most controverted and important claim of DER: the ethical relevance of the distinction between intent of a harmful means and foresight of a causally necessitated, ... More


Conclusion: Whither International Society?

Alex J. Bellamy

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Attempts to draw together the ideas presented in the book and to question the continuing relevance of the approach of the English School of International Relations to international relations. Argues ... More


Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Paul Webb, David Farrell, and Ian Holliday (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is one in a series (Comparative Politics) for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary issues in comparative government and politics. It examines political ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Science

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a modularist account of the human capacity for abduction (or ‘inference to the best explanation’), which Fodor has argued must provide a decisive stumbling block to progress in ... More


The Problem of Explanatory Relevance

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The explanatory insight provided by rationalizing explanations is causal and tied to appropriate generalizations. Because of this, it is not clear what rationalizing adds to such explanations. It is ... More


An Evaluation

Edward Brech, Andrew Thomson, and John F. Wilson

in Lyndall Urwick, Management Pioneer: A Biography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199541966
eISBN:
9780191715433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541966.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Strategy

This final chapter evaluates Urwick as a man and his contributions to management. It first discusses his character and abilities, his beliefs and vision, the influences on his career, the roles ... More


Classy Pyrrhonism

Walter Sinnott‐Armstrong

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay invokes a technical framework of contrast classes within which Pyrrhonians can accept (or deny) knowledge claims that are relativized to specific contrast classes, but avoid all ... More


Alternative Viewpoint: The Literary Life of Jonathan Edwards

Anna Svetlikova

in Understanding Jonathan Edwards: An Introduction to America's Theologian

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373431
eISBN:
9780199871681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373431.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chapter asks whether Edwards’s writings can be called literature, suggests Edwards’s relevance for literary theory, and explains how Edwards was helpful for spiritual life in societies recovering ... More


Old Cultural Wineskins

James Davison Hunter

in To Change the World: The Irony, Tragedy, and Possibility of Christianity Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730803
eISBN:
9780199777082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730803.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

If sincerity were the same thing as faithfulness, then all would be well, for Christians, as a rule, are nothing if not sincere—not least in their desire to be “faithful in their own generation.” ... More


Autonomism

Berys Gaut

in Art, Emotion and Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263219
eISBN:
9780191718854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263219.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter criticizes two kinds of autonomism. Radical autonomism holds that it makes no sense to evaluate artworks ethically. It is rejected by arguing that ethical evaluation of an artwork is ... More


Love of Knowledge

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A background of all the other intellectual virtues is an epistemically right orientation of the will: a discriminating concern for propositional knowledge, understanding, and acquaintance. The ... More


A framework for understanding musical creativities

Pamela Burnard

in Musical Creativities in Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583942
eISBN:
9780191740671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583942.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a framework that can help in understanding musical creativities. It emphasizes that musical creativities can take many forms, can play a wide range of functions, and are deeply ... More


What Are Access Points and What Are Their Effects?

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter presents Access Point Theory in detail, explaining what access points are and why the number of access points matter. An access point is a policymaker who might be valuable to lobby and, ... More


The Rich Fool

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter argues that despite superficial parallels in secular wisdom like that expressed in Seneca's “Epistule Morales,” Jesus’ parable has a different and unique message. Roughly speaking, it ... More


The Dishonest Steward

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

As this chapter shows, the parable of the Dishonest Steward is the prime example of Jesus’ narrative strategy of comparing God to morally unsavory characters and thus forcing the hearer to actively ... More


The Prosecutor’s Perspective on Eyewitness Experts in the Courtroom

Patricia J. Bailey and Sheri H. Mecklenburg

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses the admissibility of eyewitness expert testimony under Daubert standards. It explores the scientific reliability of the laboratory experiments underlying eyewitness expert ... More


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