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The Nature of the Agreement

John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

in The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266579
eISBN:
9780191601446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266573.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter provides a comprehensive constitutional and political evaluation of the Agreement of 1998. It explains that the Agreement is consistent with the four central pillars of consociational ... More


Radionuclide Source Terms

Paul G. Voillequé

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter addresses the problem of estimating historic or future releases of radionuclides. The process of defining the “source term” is often the first step in a risk assessment. When detailed ... More


When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Joan Petersilia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Every year, hundreds of thousands of jailed Americans leave prison and return to society. Largely uneducated, unskilled, often without family support, and with the stigma of a prison record hanging ... More


Negotiating Truth, Justice, and Pardons Under the Concertación Governments of Aylwin 1990–1993 and Frei 1993—

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this second chapter of Part III of the book (Truth and Justice under Successor Democratic Regimes), an examination is made of how the issues of truth and justice were dealt with under democratic ... More


Begin with ‘If…’

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1989 commentary on randomized clinical trials. It argues that given the uncertainties about the wide extrapolation of results after any and all formal clinical studies, it ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the role of peptide hormones in the regulation of neural mutability and the involved cellular and molecular mechanisms. It first considers the effects of vasopressin and ... More


Text as Data: Methods Appendix

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This concluding chapter provides more details about the classification of the nearly 170,000 House press releases used in this study as credit claiming or not. Making use of recent Text as Data ... More


Getting out your message with the written word

Susan K. Jacobson, Mallory D. McDuff, and Martha C. Monroe

in Conservation Education and Outreach Techniques

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567714
eISBN:
9780191718311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567714.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Using the printed word for education and outreach is an essential technique for accomplishing conservation objectives of many organizations and agencies. Harnessing the power of mass media through ... More


The Changing Nature of Parole: Supervision and Services

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes parole supervision (as distinguished from parole release) as it is practiced today. The major criticisms of parole release (e.g., unwarranted discretion and ineffectiveness) ... More


How We Hinder: Legal and Practical Barriers to Reintegration

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the growing number of citizens who have criminal records and the ways in which those records are increasingly being openly shared with the public. It also reviews the evidence ... More


The Victim’s Role in Prisoner Reentry

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter focuses on the current and potential roles that victims might play in managing prisoner reentry. It discusses the legal rights of victims to be notified of a parolee's release and to ... More


What to Do?: Reforming Parole and Reentry Practices

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter offers twelve concrete policy suggestions for reforming parole and enhancing prisoner reintegration. These options are grouped into four areas: the in-prison experience, prisoner release ... More


Markov Chain Models of Ion Channels and Calcium Release Sites

Jeffrey R. Groff, Hilary DeRemigio, and Gregory D. Smith

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

This chapter is an introduction to modelling stochastically gating ion channels using continuous-time discrete-state Markov chains. Analytical and numerical methods are presented for determining ... More


Gain Control and External and Internal Noise

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

One fundamental problem for the auditory and visual systems is that the range of external energy is far greater than the firing range of individual neurons. To minimize response saturation, both ... More


The Role of Location in Establishment Success

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter reviews the influence of the recipient location on the probability of establishment success in exotic birds. This subject is another that has a long history within invasion ecology ... More


Procellariiform extinctions in the Holocene: threat processes and wider ecosystem-scale implications

R. Paul Scofield

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Procellariiformes — the order of oceanic tube-nosed seabirds that includes the albatrosses, petrels, and shearwaters — are an ancient group that has survived comparatively unchanged since the ... More


Life after Life Imprisonment

Catherine Appleton

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199582716
eISBN:
9780191702341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582716.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book explores one of the most contentious and sensitive topics in criminal justice: the release and resettlement of life-sentenced offenders. The book provides an analysis of the post-prison ... More


The European Union Regulatory Regime for Genetically Modified Organisms and its Integration into Community Food Law and Policy

Marine Friant-Perrot

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The European Union has now put in place an extensive regime for the regulation of GMOs and this chapter provides an overview of that regime. In particular, it maps out the legislation which ... More


A. E. Housman’s Rejected Addresses: Chatterton Lecture on Poetry

Robert Douglas-Fairhurst

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 151, 2006 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264249
eISBN:
9780191734045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264249.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses some of the different ways in which a tussle between reticence and release is played out in A. E. Housman's verse. It can be found in allusions that turn individual lines into ... More


Armageddon and the Gulag, 1939–1945

Steven A. Barnes

in Death and Redemption: The Gulag and the Shaping of Soviet Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151120
eISBN:
9781400838615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151120.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on the Gulag during the Armageddon of the Great Patriotic War. It shows how the institutions, practices, and identities of the Gulag shifted in accord with the demands of total ... More


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