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## The development of quantum electrodynamics until 1947: the historical background of Julian Schwinger’s work on QED

*JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON*

### in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198527459
- eISBN:
- 9780191709593
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

Prior to 1947, Julian Schwinger had not worked in quantum electrodynamics (QED), apart from his first unpublished paper ‘On the interaction of several electrons’. Before joining the City College of ... More

## Towards a Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

*Laurent Baulieu, John Iliopoulos, and Roland Sénéor*

### in From Classical to Quantum Fields

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198788393
- eISBN:
- 9780191830310
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198788393.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Towards a relativistic quantum mechanics. Klein–Gordon and the problems of the probability current and the negative energy solutions. The Dirac equation and negative energies. P, C, and T symmetries. ... More

## A first stab at relativistic quantum mechanics

*Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell*

### in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- June 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199699322
- eISBN:
- 9780191779435
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Here an initial stab is made at constructing a relativistic quantum wave equation, the Klein–Gordon equal. This turns out to have some unsavoury characteristics that mean that it is not the right ... More

## Hamiltonian Mechanics with Time as a Coordinate

*Oliver Davis Johns*

### in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780191001628
- eISBN:
- 9780191775161
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780191001628.003.0014
- Subject:
- Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter uses the traditional Hamilton equations as the basis for an extended Hamiltonian theory in which time is treated as a coordinate. The traditional Hamilton equations, including the ... More

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