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Knowledge and Practical Interests

Jason Stanley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e., by how much is at stake for that person at ... More


When Truth Gives Out

Mark Richard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239955
eISBN:
9780191716881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239955.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Is the point of belief and assertion invariably to think or say something true? Is the truth of a belief or assertion absolute, or is it only relative to human interests? Most philosophers think it ... More


Raise the Floor

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that.


From a Theory of Relative Economic Deprivation Towards a Theory of Relative Political Deprivation

Walker Connor

in Minority Nationalism and the Changing International Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242146
eISBN:
9780191599651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242143.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Attempts to correct a common tendency to exaggerate the impact of economic factors upon ethno‐national conflict, which stems from a theory of ‘relative economic deprivation’ holding that ... More


Introduction

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The human visual system consists of a system for inspecting objects, starting with the fovea in the retina, and a system for noticing which objects should be inspected, and directing the eyes to look ... More


Poverty

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses some of the normative issues related to poverty. Both absolute and relative poverty are discussed as well as the more common poverty measures. The connection between the income ... More


Transfer Negotiations

Roger Undy

in Trade Union Merger Strategies: Purpose, Process, and Performance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544943
eISBN:
9780191719936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544943.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

Inter‐union negotiating strategies and tactics used in completing transfers are at the centre of this chapter. The framework used for analysing transfer negotiations is developed around the relative ... More


Changes in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Hungary, 1973–2000

Péter Róbert and Erzsébet Bukodi

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Investigates temporal changes in Hungarian mobility patterns. Large-scale data sets of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office, collected between 1973 and 2000 are used for this purpose. In addition ... More


 An Assessment of Legal Liability as a Market‐Based Instrument

Kathleen Segerson

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the deterrence effect of liability, recognizing that the motivation for imposition of liability (particularly retroactive imposition) may instead be victim compensation or ... More


Introduction: Alberti's Window, Leonardo's Mirror, and van Gogh's Room

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter reviews Nelson Goodman’s proposals concerning depiction, identifies problems with them, and suggests how they can be overcome without appealing to a perceptual account of pictorial ... More


Goodman's Progress

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

With the worries about Goodman on the table, this chapter introduces an alternative set of conditions: a modified form of Goodman’s relative repleteness, syntactic sensitivity, and semantic richness. ... More


The Weeping Willow: Children Dealing with Impending Death

Lynne Dale Halamish and Doron Hermoni

in The Weeping Willow: Encounters with Grief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195325379
eISBN:
9780199999811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325379.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses ways to handle children dealing with the impending death of a relative, describing the case of three-year-old Sachar, who visited her grandmother who had already lost ... More


The Tree: It is Normal to Grow after Trauma

Lynne Dale Halamish and Doron Hermoni

in The Weeping Willow: Encounters with Grief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195325379
eISBN:
9780199999811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325379.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the experience of a South American native, Sarah, in growing and living a normal life after trauma. It describes how Sarah handled the death of relatives who died when she was ... More


Theories and Models of Turnout

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Uses confirmatory factor analysis to locate electoral participation in a broader matrix of political activities, and presents alternative theoretical models that might be used to explain the decline ... More


The Availability and Supportive Functions of Extended Kinship Ties in Later Life: Evidence from the Berlin Ageing Stud y

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the availability and supportive functions of extended kin relationships in later life, drawing on the results of the Berlin Ageing study. It is shown that in addition to close ... More


Concluding Remarks

D.N.S. BHAT

in Pronouns

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199230242
eISBN:
9780191710124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230242.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter provides a summary of the major conclusions of the book, namely (i) using the distinction between personal pronouns and proforms for providing a satisfactory definition for the words ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and develops a version of Interest-Relative Invariantism about knowledge, according to which whether or not someone knows that p at a certain time depends in part on what is at ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism versus Contextualism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is devoted to a thorough-going comparison of Interest-Relativism Invariantism and contextualism. It argues that the contextualist is committed to a worse error-theory than the advocate ... More


Interest‐Relative Invariantism versus Relativism

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Relativism about knowledge-attributions is the thesis that knowledge attributions express propositions the truth of which is relative to a judge. On this view, a knowledge attribution may express a ... More


Contextualism, Interest‐Relativism, and Philosophical Paradox

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses contextualist and interest-relative accounts of the sorites paradox and the Liar Paradox. It concludes that a pure interest-relative account is completely untenable for such ... More


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