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DOES PSYCHOLOGY MATTER?

Ben Bradley

in Well-Being and Death

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557967
eISBN:
9780191721205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557967.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Jeff McMahan has argued extensively for a “time‐relative interest account” of value (TRIA) according to which the value of an event for someone depends on psychological relations between the ... More


Against “the Badness of Death”

Hilary Greaves

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is tempting for health care analysts to theorize about the value of life-saving in terms of the “badness of death.” This move is innocuous in principle, but in practice it tends to lead theorists ... More


Early Death and Later Suffering

Jeff McMahan

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I sketch an account of the misfortune of death for which I have previously argued (the Time-Relative Interest Account) and defend it against objections advanced by John Broome in his ... More


Time for an alternative

Lee Gregory

in Trading time: Can exchange lead to social change?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447318293
eISBN:
9781447318309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318293.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter introduces the social theory of time. The first section examines time theory and illustrates both absolute and relative concepts of time. It presents the argument that the development of ... More


In Defense of the Time-Relative Interest Account: A Response to Campbell

Jeff McMahan

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends the Time-Relative Interest Account of the misfortune of death against the two ingenious objections that Tim Campbell advances in chapter 18 of this volume. Campbell argues that ... More


On time

Naomi Woodspring

in Baby Boomers: Time and Ageing Bodies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447318774
eISBN:
9781447318781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318774.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

‘On time,’ shifts to the voices of the research participants and investigates the meaning of time as defined by them. From this vantage point, research participants discuss varied aspects of time. ... More


Coordination: Support for an alternative approach II

Alice Turk and Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel

in Speech Timing: Implications for Theories of Phonology, Phonetics, and Speech Motor Control

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198795421
eISBN:
9780191836725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795421.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Two key features of the current AP/TD coupled-oscillator approach to movement coordination are that 1) coordination among gestures is treated as relative timing control, accomplished via ... More


A Gradualist View about the Badness of Death

Ben Bradley

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I introduce a view that has not been explored in detail and argue that it is a more plausible version of gradualism than extant views. It is based on the following simple thoughts: ... More


Competing Interests

Dominic Wilkinson

in Death or Disability?: The 'Carmentis Machine' and decision-making for critically ill children

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669431
eISBN:
9780191748783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669431.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the relative weight that should be given to the interests of the child compared to the interests of other members of their family. Family members may be profoundly affected by ... More


Repositioning time bank theory

Lee Gregory

in Trading time: Can exchange lead to social change?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447318293
eISBN:
9781447318309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318293.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

One of the key arguments presented in Chapter Four is that despite the radical potential of time banking to offer a challenge to the dominance of neo-liberal thinking this has been neutered by the ... More


Health Care Rationing and the Badness of Death: Should Newborns Count for Less?

Tim Campbell

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to Jeff McMahan, health care professionals ought to save an individual, A, from dying as a young adult (e.g., at age 30) rather than save some other individual, B, from dying as a newborn, ... More


The Badness of Death for Us, the Worth in Us, and Priorities in Saving Lives

Samuel J. Kerstein

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Carl Tollef Solberg and Espen Gamlund suggest that in allocating scarce, life-saving resources we ought to consider how bad death would be for those who would die if left untreated. We have moral ... More


Life Years at Stake: Justifying and Modeling Acquisition of Life Potential for DALYs

Andreas Mogensen

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In quantifying the global burden of disease in terms of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), we must determine both Years of Life Lost (YLLs) and Years Lost to Disability (YLDs). In setting ... More


Putting a Number on the Harm of Death

Joseph Millum

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Donors to global health programs and policymakers within national health systems have to make difficult decisions about how to allocate scarce health care resources. Principled ways to make these ... More


Age, Death, and the Allocation of Life-Saving Resources

Espen Gamlund

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Each year policymakers around the world must make hard decisions about how to allocate scarce health care resources. Given the scarcity of many life-saving interventions, making allocation decisions ... More


Defence of an Inclusive View of Benefiting and Reasons of Beneficence

Ingmar Persson

in Inclusive Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198792178
eISBN:
9780191840470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792178.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The main objective of this chapter is to defend a view of benefiting which is inclusive to the extent that it entails that we can benefit beings by bringing them into existence and so—since there are ... More


Complexity and Individual Unity

Marya Schechtman

in Staying Alive: Personal Identity, Practical Concerns, and the Unity of a Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199684878
eISBN:
9780191765155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684878.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter offers resources for meeting the problem of multiplicity. Using Jeff McMahan’s theory of time-relative interests as a starting point it describes how a typical mature person can be ... More


The Comparative Badness for Animals of Suffering and Death

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing Animals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199396078
eISBN:
9780199396108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396078.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 4 examines the claim that suffering is worse for animals than death. First, it rejects some possible defenses of the claim that suffering is worse. Then it shows that the time-relative ... More


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