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Rethinking the Measurement of Poverty

David Brady

in Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385878
eISBN:
9780199870066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins by reviewing the shortcomings of the official U.S. measure of poverty, arguing that it is unreliable and invalid. Then, the chapter reviews major theoretical and methodological ... More


Raise the Floor

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that.


Poverty

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses some of the normative issues related to poverty. Both absolute and relative poverty are discussed as well as the more common poverty measures. The connection between the income ... More


On the Welfarist Rationale for Relative Poverty Lines *

Martin Ravallion

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the theory and evidence supporting a relativist approach to poverty measurement. It identifies various sources of welfare interdependence, including the idea of ‘relative ... More


Raising the Standard: The War on Global Poverty 1

Surjit S. Bhalla

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are two standard approaches to the measurement of poverty: an exclusive survey-based method, and the alternative method of using distribution from the surveys and means from the national ... More


Deconstructing European Poverty Measures

Richard V. Burkhauser

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter considers the implications for the EU of the American experience in measuring poverty. It begins by considering different dimensions within which both the EU and the United States must ... More


Enhancing the fight against child poverty in the European Union: a benchmarking exercise

Isabelle Maquet-Engsted

in Global Child Poverty and Well-being: Measurement, Concepts, Policy and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9781847424822
eISBN:
9781447307235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424822.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Chapter 9 describes the indicators and the analytical framework used to analyse child poverty in the European Union. Comparative analysis is used to identify the main drivers of monetary poverty ... More


The Economics of Poverty: History, Measurement, and Policy

Martin Ravallion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190212766
eISBN:
9780190212803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212766.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The last thirty years has seen much progress against extreme poverty in the world—a faster pace of progress than was seen over the prior 100 years or more of economic development globally. However, ... More


Poverty

Nicola Amendola and Fernando Salsano

in Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199944590
eISBN:
9780190218850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944590.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Some commentators argue that greater economic growth implies less absolute poverty. This is wrong. If the economic development process is accompanied by an increase in inequality, this may prevent ... More


Absolute poverty in Europe: introduction

Helmut P. Gaisbauer, Gottfried Schweiger, and Clemens Sedmak

in Absolute Poverty in Europe: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on a Hidden Phenomenon

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447341284
eISBN:
9781447341338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341284.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This introduction examines three challenges – methods, concepts, politics – that can help to grasp what could be meant by absolute poverty in Europe and why it is something that deserves attention ... More


Dignity, self-respect and real poverty in Europe

Christian Neuhäuser

in Absolute Poverty in Europe: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on a Hidden Phenomenon

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447341284
eISBN:
9781447341338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341284.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Many people seem to believe that absolute poverty is very serious, a violation of human dignity even, while relative poverty is not. Against this assumption, I will defend the claim that both, ... More


Poverty Research and Measurement

Robert Walker

in The Shame of Poverty

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199684823
eISBN:
9780191765117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684823.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter documents the changing understanding of poverty, charting shifting emphases from absolute to relative measures, from unidimensional to multidimensional ones that embrace, deprivation, ... More


Sweden: Child Poverty during Two Recessions

Jan O. Jonsson and Carina Mood

in Children of Austerity: Impact of the Great Recession on Child Poverty in Rich Countries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198797968
eISBN:
9780191839276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797968.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter looks at child poverty trends in Sweden across two recessions, the first (severe) 1991–6, and the second (hardly noticeable) 2008–10, using a number of measures. Absolute (bread-line) ... More


USA Child Poverty: The Impact of the Great Recession

Christopher Wimer and Timothy M. Smeeding

in Children of Austerity: Impact of the Great Recession on Child Poverty in Rich Countries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198797968
eISBN:
9780191839276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797968.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

The Great Recession (GR) was the most dramatic economic downturn the USA has experienced in more than six decades. But against this backdrop, the USA actually made some limited progress against child ... More


Socioeconomic origins of parents and child poverty

Jonathan Bradshaw, Emese Mayhew, Shirley Dex, Heather Joshi, and Kelly Ward

in Children of the 21st century: From birth to nine months

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346889
eISBN:
9781447301783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346889.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Probably one of the single most important elements of a child's origins that affect their development and subsequent life chances is the family's economic circumstances. This chapter reviews the ... More


The Contingent Consequences of the Three Threats

Christian Albrekt Larsen

in The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199681846
eISBN:
9780191761683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681846.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The point made in this chapter is that de-industrialization, de-familization, and immigration had very different consequences in the US, UK, Denmark, and Sweden. In the US and UK the ‘shock’ enabled ... More


Introduction Disability and poverty: a global challenge

Benedicte Ingstad and Arne H. Eide

in Disability and poverty: A global challenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428851
eISBN:
9781447302063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428851.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book is about being disabled and being poor and the social, cultural, and political processes that link these two aspects of living in what has been characterised as a ‘vicious circle’. It is ... More


Global Poverty’s Harm: Entanglement in Crises

Thomas J. Donahue-Ochoa

in Unfreedom for All: How the World's Injustices Harm You

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190051686
eISBN:
9780190051716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051686.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What is the severest harm suffered by the global poor? Against theories saying that it is social exclusion, corrosive disadvantage, or humiliating personal failure, chapter 8 argues that the harm is ... More


Conclusion: responding to the dark reality of absolute poverty in European welfare states

Helmut P. Gaisbauer, Gottfried Schweiger, and Clemens Sedmak

in Absolute Poverty in Europe: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on a Hidden Phenomenon

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447341284
eISBN:
9781447341338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341284.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter states that the hegemonic European relative poverty paradigm necessitates a complementary approach that sheds light on overlooked or neglected individuals and groups in absolute poverty ... More


Growing up in Poverty: Children and the Great Recession in Spain

Sara Ayllón

in Children of Austerity: Impact of the Great Recession on Child Poverty in Rich Countries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198797968
eISBN:
9780191839276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797968.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter provides a diagnosis of the economic ill-fare of Spanish children since 2008 with the objective of assessing the impact that the Great Recession has had on them. The results show ... More


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