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Epilogue: The Future of the Conservative Past

Reba N. Soffer

in History, Historians, and Conservatism in Britain and America: From the Great War to Thatcher and Reagan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199208111
eISBN:
9780191709210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208111.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The Epilogue compares the kinds of conservatism that dominated Britain and America and the ideas that were held in common and separately, especially in the decades following the Second World War, ... More


The Relative Decline of the United States

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses the question of US decline by focusing on new data on military and economic capabilities. The military data examine strategic capabilities that have been developed to operate ... More


Conclusion Europe and China after the Global Financial Crisis

Roland Vogt (ed.)

in Europe and China: Strategic Partners or Rivals?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083879
eISBN:
9789882209077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083879.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

The global financial and European debt crises have altered the structural dynamics between Europe and China. Now, Europe needs China more than vice versa. Chinese competition is making itself felt in ... More


Weak Conflict Constraints and Weak Conflict Inducements: The “More of the Same” and “Pax Americana II” Scenarios

David P. Rapkin and William R. Thompson

in Transition Scenarios: China and the United States in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226040332
eISBN:
9780226040509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226040509.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Scenarios in chapters 7-10 focus on specific matrix cells created by a 2 x2 table of the factors facilitating or constraining conflict. Facilitators and constraints are considered to be either ... More


The Rise and Slow Retreat of American Systemic Leadership

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter initially covers the decline literature, in which the positions of both declinists and anti-declinists are criticized and a third position is advanced. Summarily, it is argued that the ... More


The Dysfunctionality of Domestic Politics

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on aspects of three processes in US domestic politics that cause dysfunction and make confronting external relative decline difficult: political-economic, political, and ... More


Was Spain Exceptional?

Tamar Herzog

in Defining Nations: Immigrants and Citizens in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092530
eISBN:
9780300129830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092530.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter argues that the question posed in its title involves not just an exercise in comparative history. For most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Spanish exceptionalism was an ... More


System Leadership, Rise, and Relative Decline

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

System leaders have emerged largely based on possessing the world’s lead economy for a finite period. Because of concentrated technological innovation, energy, and global power projection ... More


The End of Systemic Leadership as We Have Come to Know It?

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discussions of the relative decline of the United States and its possible supplantment by China have become common with observers usually arguing for or against hegemonic transition. Less discussed ... More


The Unipolar Mirage

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

One of the reasons professional observers have had problems coming to terms with US relative decline is the notion that the United States entered into a unipolar phase after the end of the Cold War ... More


The Future of World Order

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Given the ongoing relative decline of the United States and the low probability of global war, what might we expect to happen in the world order? The choices reduce primarily to two possibilities. ... More


Structure, Agency, and Grand Strategy

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Grand strategy change analyses exhibit problems in balancing the interaction among ideas, external structures and developments, and domestic politics. An alternative theory is constructed that ... More


American Global Pre-Eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

William R. Thompson

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Most discussions of US decline in global politics couch their arguments and evidence in the most contemporary context. But US systemic leadership is not entirely novel. The United States follows a ... More


Strong Conflict Constraints and Weak Conflict Inducements: The “Liberal Peace” Scenario

David P. Rapkin and William R. Thompson

in Transition Scenarios: China and the United States in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226040332
eISBN:
9780226040509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226040509.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In a world characterized by slow relative decline on the part of the United States and the equally slow ascendance of China without attaining predominance, secondary drivers such as economic ... More


Weak Conflict Constraints and Strong Conflict Inducements: The “Transition War” Scenario

David P. Rapkin and William R. Thompson

in Transition Scenarios: China and the United States in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226040332
eISBN:
9780226040509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226040509.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

How might a transition war come about? The scenario in this chapter assumes continued U.S. relative decline, but no clear successor emerges because new technological innovation is dispersed. Climate ... More


Strong Conflict Constraints and Strong Conflict Inducements: The “Pax Sinica” Scenario

David P. Rapkin and William R. Thompson

in Transition Scenarios: China and the United States in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226040332
eISBN:
9780226040509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226040509.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A Chinese victory in a transition war would probably lead to a Sino-centric world. But such an outcome might also come about in the absence of war. The “Pax Sinica” scenario is predicated on the ... More


Systemic Leadership and Energy: The Argument

William R. Thompson and Leila Zakhirova

in Racing to the Top: How Energy Fuels System Leadership in World Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190699680
eISBN:
9780190909574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699680.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter introduces the issue of how systemic leadership and energy are intertwined. One compound question is: How did we shift from a primarily agrarian economy to a primarily industrial ... More


The Rise of the US Economy

William R. Thompson

in American Global Pre-eminence: The Development and Erosion of Systemic Leadership

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197534663
eISBN:
9780197534700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534663.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The US economy emulated and improved on the British model by first adapting its coal reserves to steam engines and then developing petroleum and electricity as additional sources of industrial fuel. ... More


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