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The Coordination—Subordination Continuum

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The distinction between coordination and subordination is claimed to be a structural universal. However, the structural criteria used to distinguish coordination from subordination do not match up ... More


Complex Sentences

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The distinction between coordination and subordination is not clear-cut. The essence of coordination is the mental juxtaposition of structures construed as parallel and co-equal. Subordination has a ... More


From Question to Subordination

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In most languages of Europe, there is a polysemy pattern to the effect that one and the same marker (e.g., English who) is used to introduce both questions and subordinate clauses. This situation is ... More


Supplements

Christopher Potts

in The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Supplements (i.e., parentheticals, appositives) provide one of the major sources of evidence for conventional implicatures discussed in this book. After some general discussion of supplements, the ... More


Relative Clause and Wh-movement Universals

John A. Hawkins

in Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252695
eISBN:
9780191719301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.003.007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is concerned with relative clauses and wh-movement structures across languages, which is examined from the perspective of Minimize Domains, Minimize Forms, and Maximize On-line ... More


Why is Sequence of Tense Obligatory?

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the sequence of tense in complement clauses and object relative clauses. It shows how, given very simple semantic principles, the basic semantic phenomena associated with ... More


Clausal Syntactic Roles (“Grammatical Relations”)

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The syntactic roles (grammatical relations) of subject and object are semantically irregular but their syntactic behavior is claimed to be syntactically unified, thereby justifying the existence of ... More


Grammatical features in the comprehension of Italian relative clauses by children

Fabrizio Arosio, Flavia Adani, and Maria Teresa Guasti

in Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199553266
eISBN:
9780191720833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553266.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter addresses the question of how children exploit different grammatical devices in comprehending relative clauses. It shows that comprehension of relative clauses follows different ... More


The Old Chinese determiner zhe

Edith Aldridge

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter analyses zhe in archaic Chinese as a determiner which selects a nominal or clausal complement and projects a DP. As a determiner, zhe can further serve as the external binder of a gap in ... More


Language Universals and the Performance-Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis

John A. Hawkins

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines synchronic cross-linguistic patterns in grammars and language use. It proposes that “variation-defining” universals delimit the scope of possible variation across languages. ... More


Varieties of Greek relative clause

Philomen Probert

in Early Greek Relative Clauses

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 6 introduces the actual relative clause constructions of Greek. The main constructions are: (i) postnominal relative clauses: a noun (traditionally the ‘antecedent’) is in some way modified ... More


Postnominal and inherently maximalizing relative clauses in Homer

Philomen Probert

in Early Greek Relative Clauses

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 9 is the first of four chapters considering Homer. It is devoted to the circumstances under which Homer chooses an inherently maximalizing relative clause and those under which he chooses a ... More


Finiteness and subordination

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume I: The Domain of Syntax

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608317
eISBN:
9780191732034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608317.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter examines various constructions types and their relationship to finiteness. Certain constructions, such as ‘indirect questions’ and relatives, are demoted finites: the properties that ... More


Putting a sentence together

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

We start with a brief outline of kinds of clauses in Amazonian languages. We then turn to various techniques of putting clauses together into one sentence. Numerous Arawak, Carib and Tupí languages ... More


Localizing Modifiers in the Noun Phrase

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter is concerned with the third major modifier category in the noun phrase (NP), localising operators and localising satellites, which relate to locative properties of the referent of the ... More


Subordinate Clauses

JAN TERJE FAARLUND

in The Syntax of Old Norse: With a survey of the inflectional morphology and a complete bibliography

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199235599
eISBN:
9780191709401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235599.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter treats finite and non-finite subordinate clauses, the structure, word order, and other properties of each type. Types of finite clauses are nominal clauses, relative clauses, and ... More


Forays into early Greek relative clauses in non-epic genres

Philomen Probert

in Early Greek Relative Clauses

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 8 surveys the relative clauses of early non-hexameter texts. After summarizing an earlier study by the author on Mycenaean headings it turns to early alphabetic inscriptions; Anaximander; ... More


Against four syntactic relics and for one

Philomen Probert

in Early Greek Relative Clauses

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 14 returns to questions of linguistic history and prehistory. It begins with four syntactic phenomena sometimes considered relics from a stage before the development of Greek relative clauses ... More


Sentence Construction: Modification

Jeanne Fahnestock

in Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764129
eISBN:
9780199918928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764129.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Outside of the subject, verb, and object in an independent clause, everything else in a sentence is modification, the specifying detail that often carries or constrains an argument. Patterns of ... More


Approaches to Proto-Indo-European relative clauses

Philomen Probert

in Early Greek Relative Clauses

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198713821
eISBN:
9780191790362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713821.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 3 introduces a long-standing debate about relative clause syntax in the prehistory of the Indo-European language family. Understanding the prehistory of the relative pronouns found in early ... More


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