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Health Inequalities and Relational Egalitarianism

J. Paul Kelleher

in Understanding Health Inequalities and Justice: Bridging Perspectives for New Conversations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630359
eISBN:
9781469630373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630359.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Much of the philosophical literature on health inequalities seeks to establish the superiority of one or another conception of luck egalitarianism. In recent years, however, an increasing number of ... More


Relational Egalitarianism: Telic and Deontic

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Principles and Persons: The Legacy of Derek Parfit

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780192893994
eISBN:
9780191915147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893994.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Derek Parfit famously introduced a now commonly adopted distinction between telic and deontic distributive egalitarianism. This chapter argues that we can draw a similar distinction between telic and ... More


What's Wrong with Global Health Inequalities?1

Daniel M. Hausman

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The enormous disparities in health across national boundaries strikes most people who are aware of them as grossly immoral. Why should a child born in one country be unlikely to live to 40, while a ... More


Varieties of Relational Egalitarianism

Zoltan Miklosi

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy Volume 4

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198813972
eISBN:
9780191851674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores the relational critique of distributive conceptions of justice, according to which the proper focus of egalitarian justice is the egalitarian nature of social relations rather ... More


Rawls and Luck Egalitarianism

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In A Theory of Justice, Rawls famously noted that many (dis)advantages reflect the outcomes of the social and the natural lottery. In these remarks, inter alia, some have seen the early appearance in ... More


Introduction

Amy Reed-Sandoval

in Socially Undocumented: Identity and Immigration Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190619800
eISBN:
9780190619848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190619800.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

The Introduction introduces the concept of being socially, as opposed to (merely) legally undocumented. It briefly explores the relationship of being socially undocumented to Latina/o/x identity and ... More


Why Equality?

Shlomi Segall

in Equality and Opportunity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199661817
eISBN:
9780191760877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661817.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Should egalitarians be concerned with equalizing some individual material good, or should they rather settle on equalizing a certain relationship between individuals? This chapter defends the former ... More


Justice and Egalitarian Relations

Christian Schemmel

in Justice and Egalitarian Relations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190084240
eISBN:
9780190084271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084240.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the key features and motivations of liberal relational egalitarianism. It notes that social justice and social equality have mostly been treated as separate values in the ... More


Justice between Old and Young

Nancy S. Jecker

in Ending Midlife Bias: New Values for Old Age

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190949075
eISBN:
9780190949105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949075.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 5 shifts from asking which values matter for individuals to asking which matter for groups of people at different ages. It addresses age group justice by proposing principles of relational ... More


The Egalitarian Case for Open Borders

Christopher Heath Wellman

in Debating the Ethics of Immigration: Is There a Right to Exclude?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199731732
eISBN:
9780190267490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199731732.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter challenges the egalitarian case for open borders and defends the right of legitimate states to design and enforce their own immigration policies. It offers two reasons why the ... More


The Point of Justice: On the Paradigmatic Incompatibility between Rawlsian “Justice as Fairness” and Luck Egalitarianism

Rainer Forst

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

John Rawls famously claimed that “the accidents of natural endowment and the contingencies of social circumstance” are “arbitrary from a moral point of view.” Luck egalitarians believe that a ... More


Horizontal Egalitarianism

David Rondel

in Pragmatist Egalitarianism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190680688
eISBN:
9780190680718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680688.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Marxism and socialism as a paradigm of “horizontal” egalitarianism. Whereas liberals typically endorse a regime of political equality (a Rechtstaat), the chapter shows how, from ... More


Citizenship and Gender Hierarchies in Political Liberalism

Gina Schouten

in Liberalism, Neutrality, and the Gendered Division of Labor

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198813071
eISBN:
9780191851063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813071.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the work of liberal feminists Christie Hartley and Lori Watson. Hartley and Watson argue that political liberalism can approve gender-egalitarian interventions on the grounds ... More


Conclusion: Natural Resource Justice and Climate Change

Megan Blomfield

in Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198791737
eISBN:
9780191834028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791737.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter summarizes the argument of the work. It situates the conception of natural resource justice that has been defended between the (egalitarian) principle of equal division and the (statist) ... More


Limited Territorial Jurisdiction over Natural Resources

Megan Blomfield

in Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198791737
eISBN:
9780191834028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791737.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter further explores and defends the conception of natural resource justice composed of the principle of collective self-determination and the (lexically prior) basic needs principle. It ... More


The Injustice of the Migrant Journey to the United States

Amy Reed-Sandoval

in Socially Undocumented: Identity and Immigration Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190619800
eISBN:
9780190619848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190619800.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This chapter has two main goals. First, it aims to provide one normative argument about one oft-traveled migrant journey: that of Central Americans and Mexicans who intend to enter the United States ... More


Making Sense of Affirmative Action

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190648787
eISBN:
9780190648817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648787.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What makes affirmative action morally (un)justified? That is this book’s core question. Its main contribution consists in a meticulous scrutiny of the strength of the six main arguments for—i.e., the ... More


Rawls’s Reasoning about International Economic Justice: A Defense

Gillian Brock

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses Rawls’s reasoning concerning how to navigate issues of international economic justice. Rawls offers a sophisticated account that offers many significant insights. This chapter ... More


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