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Concepts and Models

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the epidemiology of tuberculosis from the perspective of population biology. The central concept of population biology with reference to TB control is that a population of ... More


Dual Diagnosis and Work

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Many people who have a co-occurring substance use disorder (dual diagnosis) are found ineligible for employment services because of substance use. This chapter includes an illustration of a person ... More


The Mediation Dilemma

Kyle Beardsley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450037
eISBN:
9780801462610
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450037.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mediation has become a common technique for terminating violent conflicts both within and between states; while mediation has a strong record in reducing hostilities, it is not without its own ... More


The Rise and Fall of Empires: Heart of Darkness and Historical Cycles in the Victorian Era

John W. Griffith

in Joseph Conrad and the Anthropological Dilemma: ‘Bewildered Traveller’

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183006
eISBN:
9780191673931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183006.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter explores the decline and fall of cultures in relation to Conrad’s ideas of retrogression and relapse. It also investigates the comparative method in anthropology, which provided ... More


Diagnosis: Schizophrenia, Second Edition, second edition: A Comprehensive Resource for Consumers, Families, and Helping Professionals

Rachel Miller and Susan Mason

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150415
eISBN:
9780231521024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150415.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this book, thirty-five young, recently diagnosed patients speak about schizophrenia and the process of recovery, while two specialists illuminate the medical science, psycho-education, and ... More


Musculoskeletal Medicine

Nigel Lane, Louise Powter, and Sam Patel (eds)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Acute Medicine SCE

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199680269
eISBN:
9780191918360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680269.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Sibling Adaptation to the Family Crisis of Childhood Cancer

David J. Bearison and Raymond K. Mulhern

in Pediatric Psychooncology: Psychological Perspectives on Children with Cancer

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195079319
eISBN:
9780199999804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079319.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Childhood cancer is a family crisis that poses a range of stressors and demands that affect the entire family. From a family-systems orientation, this chapter reviews studies of how siblings of ... More


The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Markus Heilig

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The past twenty-five years have witnessed a revolution in the science of addiction, yet we still rely upon sorely outdated methods of treatment. Expensive new programs for managing addiction are also ... More


Substance Misuse Psychiatry

Greg Lydall and Kelly Clarke

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Clinicians in all areas of medicine are likely to encounter people with substance misuse issues, so an understanding of the key issues is essen­tial. Human beings have ... More


Behavioral Techniques to Reduce Relapse After Exposure Therapy

Mario A. Laborda, Bridget L. McConnell, and Ralph R. Miller

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Pavlovian phenomena have long served as models for the etiology, treatment, and relapse from treatment of diverse disorders (e.g., phobias, addictions). Here, the chapter briefly reviews Pavlovian ... More


Applications of Contemporary Learning Theory in the Treatment of Drug Abuse

Danielle E. McCarthy, Timothy B. Baker, Haruka M. Minami, and Vivian M. Yeh

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0079
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Addictive drug use can be viewed as an overlearned avoidance behavior maintained on a variable reinforcement schedule. This chapter explores the implications of this conceptualization of drug use and ... More


Thinking about prognosis

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The prognostic assessment of a patient aims to pre­dict the future, using the range of evidence available. This evidence relates to: … ● the individual ... More


Manic Mood Disorders

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Patients suffering from mania are overactive, intrusive, excited, and belligerent. They may believe that they have special powers, are related to public figures, and ... More


Depressive Mood Disorders

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Electroconvulsive therapy is most often used to treat disorders of mood. The internally experienced feeling is the emotional state reflected in the way we present ... More


The Persistent Failures of the Recovery House System: Low-Wage Labor, Relapse, and “the Wreckage of the Past”

Robert P. Fairbanks

in How It Works: Recovering Citizens in Post-Welfare Philadelphia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226234083
eISBN:
9780226234113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226234113.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The vagaries of spatially concentrated poverty and the predatory nature of informal rental markets in the Kensington neighborhood recovery house acted like gravity in the recovery house industry, ... More


Pathophysiology of alcohol addiction

Wolfgang H. Sommer

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews major findings and concepts in the field of biological alcoholism research. It addresses four main points which aim to inform the discussion on alcohol policy and health issues ... More


Post dependency: What next?

Daniel Briggs and Rubén Monge Gamero

in Dead-End Lives: Drugs and Violence in the City Shadows

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447341680
eISBN:
9781447341734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341680.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In this chapter, we examine why these people are unable to escape this form of permanent destitution – living in Valdemingómez, homeless, taking heroin and cocaine and amassing numerous health ... More


Turning on a Bright Light

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on a fundamental tenet of addiction medicine: reexposing the brain of an addicted person to a small amount of drug is one of the most powerful triggers for relapse. The ... More


Getting the Cue

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses studies on the critical role of drug-associated cues for relapse. Both patients and clinicians have long known that individuals with addictive disorders report craving and ... More


Please Behave

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter begins by discussing the common elements of effective treatments for addiction. First, they all specifically focus on drug seeking and taking. Second, methods that focus on practicing ... More


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