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From Conservatism to Revolution: British Stock Exchanges 1965–2005

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Britain is treated separately because it had a different institutional starting point in the securities sector, reformed earlier and then influenced the other three countries, and followed a specific ... More


Transformation and Convergence: Stock Exchanges in France, Germany, and Italy 1986–2005

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Between 1986 and 2005, rapid and sweeping changes broke with long-standing sectoral institutions for securities trading in France, Germany, and Italy. Stock exchanges were privatised, legal ... More


Changing Course: Airlines in Europe

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Examining airlines allows for a detailed study of the effects of EU regulation and international regulatory competition on national institutions. Transnational technological and economic developments ... More


Democratic Legitimacy Under Conditions of Regulatory Competition: Why Europe Differs from the United States

Fritz W. Scharpf

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Addresses concern over the so‐called ‘democratic deficit’ in the EU in comparison with the USA. The author deduces that there are two reasons for the political salience of this alleged deficit: the ... More


Positive and Negative Integration

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Repeated policy failures suggest that the system created by the European treaties is more suitable to the promotion of negative integration than to the development of measures of positive ... More


The Limited Case for Harmonization to Protect Competitiveness

Chris Noonan

in The Emerging Principles of International Competition Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199207527
eISBN:
9780191708817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207527.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Competition Law

This chapter examines the links between competition law, competitiveness, and trade policy. Section 4.1 assesses the meaning of the claim that harmonization may be justified to promote ‘fair trade’. ... More


Investor Protection in Europe: Corporate Law Making, The MiFID and Beyond

Guido Ferrarini and Eddy Wymeersch (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199202911
eISBN:
9780191707964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202911.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

EU policy in the area of corporate governance and capital markets is being reoriented. Harmonization is less frequently seen as a concept in company law, regulatory competition is on the rise, and ... More


Regulatory Competition and Re-Regulation

Fritz Scharpf

in Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295457
eISBN:
9780191685118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295457.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter shows that there are policy areas in which the national governing capacity is not significantly reduced by economic integration and in which European public policy is able to adopt ... More


Using Corporate Law to Compete for Investments

Ehud Kamar

in Investor Protection in Europe: Corporate Law Making, The MiFID and Beyond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199202911
eISBN:
9780191707964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202911.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter documents and analyzes a powerful form of regulatory competition — competition for investments — that has transformed national corporate laws in the European Union (EU) in recent years. ... More


Regulatory Competition in the Single Market

J.-M. Sun and J. Pelkmans

in A Reader on Regulation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198765295
eISBN:
9780191695292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765295.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter develops a framework for stylizing the iterative process of regulatory competition, and illuminates its emergence from five elements of the regulatory strategy of the EC-1992 internal ... More


Interdisciplinary Foundations of European Administrative Law

Herwig C.H. Hofmann, Gerard C. Rowe, and Alexander H. TÜrk

in Administrative Law and Policy of the European Union

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199286485
eISBN:
9780191730894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286485.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with a selection of interdisciplinary factors which contribute to an understanding of the relationships within and rationales of European administrative law. The first section ... More


Political Yardstick Competition and Corporate Governance in the European Union

Pierre Salmon

in Investor Protection in Europe: Corporate Law Making, The MiFID and Beyond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199202911
eISBN:
9780191707964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202911.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The question whether regulatory competition in the area of company law could take place in the European Union (EU) in a way similar to that in the United States (the Delaware phenomenon) ignores the ... More


International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Junji Nakagawa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

International harmonization of economic regulation is an attempt to eliminate, or at least reduce, regulatory diversity in economic policy areas where states have autonomous regulatory jurisdiction. ... More


Conclusion: Multi-Level Problem-Solving in Europe

Fritz Scharpf

in Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295457
eISBN:
9780191685118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295457.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter returns to the issue of democratic legitimacy. Even though European institutions in their present shape are able to convey output-oriented legitimacy, the policies that can in fact be ... More


Legitimation through Decentralization in the European Union

Athanasios Psygkas

in From the Democratic Deficit to a Democratic Surplus: Constructing Administrative Democracy in Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190632762
eISBN:
9780190632793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632762.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that EU mandates in the electronic communications sector have had an accountability-enhancing effect at the member-state level, an effect that can be better appreciated if ... More


The Evolving Partnership

LARRY E. RIBSTEIN

in The Governance of Close Corporations and Partnerships: US and European Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264353
eISBN:
9780191718496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264353.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers whether partnership law as it developed in the United States has evolved to efficiency as a consequence of regulatory competition. Section 6.2 broadly describes partnerships, ... More


‘Soft law’, new governance and the Employment Strategy

Diamond Ashiagbor

in The European Employment Strategy: Labour Market Regulation and New Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279647
eISBN:
9780191707278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279647.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

Adopting a critical perspective on the new ‘open method of coordination’, this chapter argues that, through its creative use of soft law mechanisms, the evolving European Employment Strategy has the ... More


Regulatory Competition

Johanna Stark

in Law for Sale: A Philosophical Critique of Regulatory Competition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198839491
eISBN:
9780191875441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839491.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces regulatory competition as a conceptual framework and factual phenomenon. It discusses the structural preconditions of a ‘law market’, including state suppliers’ incentives to ... More


Shifting Spatial Dimensions of Animal Law

Charlotte E. Blattner

in Protecting Animals Within and Across Borders: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction and the Challenges of Globalization

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190948313
eISBN:
9780190948344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948313.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 2 lays the groundwork for protecting animals in international law by presenting a series of arguments that justify applying domestic animal law across borders. It first describes the most ... More


Typical interest constellations and patterns of interaction

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union: Policy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075803
eISBN:
9781781701461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter analyses the general interest constellations and interaction patterns involved in the formulation of European Union (EU) environmental policy. There are two different forms of regulatory ... More


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