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The Contingent Reality of Natural Necessity

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some think the regularity theory of causation must be true. They argue that the regularity of the world must in the end be a ‘brute’ fact, something for which there is no reason or explanation. This ... More


Categoricalism

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Categoricalism is the view that all fundamental natural properties are categorical — they have no nomic or causal essences. Categoricalism is explored as a conception of properties and as a basis for ... More


Realism and Causation

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Regularity realism (‘r’) is indefensible: the regularity theory of causation is not cotenable with any ordinary realism about the physical world. The first main argument of this chapter is that rr is ... More


The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book, J. L. Mackie makes a careful study of several philosophical issues involved in his account of causation. Mackie follows Hume's distinction between causation as a concept and causation ... More


The Regularity Theory II: Laws and Accidental Generalizations

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The critiques of the regularity theory by Fred Dretske, Michael Tooley, and D. M. Armstrong are shown to fail. A categorization of “accidental generalizations” is offered. The failures of the best ... More


Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Bernard Berofsky

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Hardly any attempt to come to grips with the classical problem of free will and determinism directly addresses the metaphysical vision driving the concerns of those who believe that a significant ... More


David Hume: Objects and Power

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


Causation

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for an analysis of causation in terms counterfactual dependence between events. It shows how this analysis works to distinguish genuine causes from effects, epiphenomena, and preempted ... More


The Regularity Theory I: Humean Supervenience

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

A central tenet of the regularity theory is the doctrine of Humean supervenience (HS), the view that two worlds that are identical in their nonnomic facts must be identical in their laws. John ... More


Free Will in a Deterministic World

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The defense of the regularity theory enables a conception of free will that incorporates counterfactual power. For the nomic impossibility of deciding otherwise does not preclude its metaphysical ... More


The Necessity of Causes

J. L. Mackie

in The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 8 is concerned with providing a defensible account of necessity to accompany the account of causation already suggested. Mackie first examines notions of necessity found in regularity ... More


How agent-causation works I: the problem, and a brief theory of powers

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the author begins to develop a positive agent-causal account of human agency. Due to the widespread scepticism about the conceptual possibility and explanatory value of ... More


Epistemology, Semantics, Ontology, and David Hume

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


The Unalterability of Laws and the Reductionist Strategy

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The third premise of the consequence argument claims that laws are unalterable. The possibility that laws of psychology, such as those of decision theory, are not all self-evidently unalterable is ... More


THE CHARACTERISTIC IBVP

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

When the boundary is characteristic, maximal estimates must be understood in a restricted sense. The regularity theory is thus difficult, as is the construction of a dissipative symmetrizer. This is ... More


Two More Principles of Epistemic Rationality

William J. Talbott

in Learning from Our Mistakes: Epistemology for the Real World

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197567654
eISBN:
9780197567685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197567654.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 6, the author focuses on two main topics: the essential role of partial or full necessitation hypotheses in scenarios that generate expectations for experience and the social dimension of ... More


Function Spaces and Partial Differential Equations: Volume 1 - Classical Analysis

Ali Taheri

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198733133
eISBN:
9780191797712
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733133.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This book, which is the first volume of two, presents a comprehensive treatment of aspects of classical and modern analysis relating to theory of ‘partial differential equations’ and the associated ... More


Function Spaces and Partial Differential Equations: Volume 2: Contemporary Analysis

Ali Taheri

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198733157
eISBN:
9780191797729
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733157.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This book presents a comprehensive treatment of aspects of classical and modern analysis relating to theory of ‘partial differential equations’ and the associated ‘function spaces’. It begins with a ... More


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