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Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

David Pears

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a concise and readable study of five intertwined themes at the heart of Wittgenstein's thought, written by one of his most eminent interpreters. It offers penetrating investigations and ... More


Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Juan Luis Vázquez

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is concerned with the quantitative aspects of the theory of nonlinear diffusion equations; equations which can be seen as nonlinear variations of the classical heat equation. They appear as ... More


The Contingent Reality of Natural Necessity

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some think the regularity theory of causation must be true. They argue that the regularity of the world must in the end be a ‘brute’ fact, something for which there is no reason or explanation. This ... More


Fuzziness

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

A custom establishes a certain regularity, but this regularity is typically not clearly defined. The scope, where the custom applies, has fuzzy boundaries, and even the content of a custom is ... More


The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God

John Foster

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199250592
eISBN:
9780191600913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In our experience so far, the universe has worked in remarkably regular ways, and these regularities call for explanation. One way of accounting for them would be to suppose that things have been ... More


Reformulation of Physical Determinism

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Hempel's account of a regularity explanation needs amplification. The usual symbolism of formal logic presents some difficulties, as it is unable to distinguish ‘accidental’ universal statements ... More


The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book, J. L. Mackie makes a careful study of several philosophical issues involved in his account of causation. Mackie follows Hume's distinction between causation as a concept and causation ... More


The Private Language Argument

David Pears

in Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

When Wittgenstein applied his account of linguistic regularity to the sensation-language, it generated the so-called ‘Private Language Argument’. He did not use this name for the argument but was ... More


Categoricalism

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Categoricalism is the view that all fundamental natural properties are categorical — they have no nomic or causal essences. Categoricalism is explored as a conception of properties and as a basis for ... More


REGULARITY AND FINER ASYMPTOTICS IN SEVERAL DIMENSIONS

Juan Luis Vázquez

in The Porous Medium Equation: Mathematical Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569039
eISBN:
9780191717468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569039.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter investigates the precise regularity that is to be expected for non-negative solutions of the PME that have free boundaries. Section 19.1 describes the results of Caffarelli, Vázquez, and ... More


BREAKING THE BARRIER: OUT INTO A BROADER DOMAIN

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

By the 1830s, as large volumes of official data were compiled and tabulated, frequential regularity exhibited by them inspired some mathematicians (Venn, C. S. Peirce) to develop the frequency theory ... More


Improved analysis of the critical line. Delayed regularity

Juan Luis Vázquez

in Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter continues the analysis of the functional properties of the evolution semigroup generated by the FDE on the critical line, i.e., when m < mc and p assumes the ... More


THE CHARACTERISTIC IBVP

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

When the boundary is characteristic, maximal estimates must be understood in a restricted sense. The regularity theory is thus difficult, as is the construction of a dissipative symmetrizer. This is ... More


VARIABLE-COEFFICIENTS INITIAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter turns to linear IBVPs with variable coefficients. The techniques mix those of Chapters 2 and 4. Dissipative boundary symmetrizers have now variable coefficients, and are viewed as ... More


Rules and Restrictions

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Language is both cognitive and sociocultural, consisting in conventionally sanctioned patterns of communicative activity. These patterns take the form of schemas abstracted from usage events by the ... More


The Sufferings of Beasts

Peter van Inwagen

in The Problem of Evil: The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St Andrews in 2003

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199245604
eISBN:
9780191715310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245604.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Since there were non-rational but sentient organisms long before there were human beings, the free-will defence cannot account for the sufferings of those organisms. This chapter presents a defence — ... More


Verb Second as Alignment

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter poses the question of whether or not it was correct for Jakob Wackernagel — whose classic discussion of second-position clitics in the earliest Indo-European languages has been so often ... More


Fr ´Echet Differentiability of Vector-Valued Functions

Joram Lindenstrauss, David Preiss, and Tiˇser Jaroslav

in Fréchet Differentiability of Lipschitz Functions and Porous Sets in Banach Spaces (AM-179)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153551
eISBN:
9781400842698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153551.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This chapter shows that if a Banach space with a Fréchet smooth norm is asymptotically smooth with modulus o(tⁿ logⁿ⁻¹(1/t)) then every Lipschitz map of X to a space of dimension not exceeding n has ... More


Perturbations and generalized solutions

Rafal Goebel, Ricardo G. Sanfelice, and Andrew R. Teel

in Hybrid Dynamical Systems: Modeling, Stability, and Robustness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153896
eISBN:
9781400842636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153896.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses the effect of state perturbations on solutions to a hybrid system. It shows that state perturbations, of arbitrarily small size, can dramatically change the behavior of ... More


Natural Evil, Nomic Regularity, and Animal Suffering

Michael J. Murray

in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter and the next explore explanations of animal suffering in which the overriding goods arising from the permission of animal suffering do not accrue to animals themselves. The most common ... More


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