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A modern view of placebo and placebo-related effects

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect, or placebo response, is a psychobiological phenomenon that must not be confounded with other phenomena, such as spontaneous remission and statistical regression to the mean. The ... More


Heuristic‐Driven Bias: The First Theme

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Statistics and probability are essential concepts when it comes to risk. Yet, most people have poor intuition about statistics and probabilities. Instead of behaving like professional statisticians, ... More


A modern view of placebo and placebo-related effects

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect, or placebo response, is a psychobiological phenomenon that must not be confounded with other phenomena, such as spontaneous remission and statistical regression to the mean. The ... More


A modern view of placebo and placebo-related effects

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198843177
eISBN:
9780191879067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843177.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter approaches the placebo effect from a modern point of view, namely, as a psychobiological phenomenon worthy of scientific inquiry. By definition, the placebo effect is the effect that ... More


Linear regression and correlation

Andrew Gelman and Deborah Nolan

in Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785699
eISBN:
9780191827518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785699.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter addresses the descriptive treatment of linear regression with a single predictor: straight-line fitting, interpretation of the regression line and standard deviation, the confusing ... More


Regression to the Mean

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter focuses on two events that started the transformation to a quantifying worldview for the general public: (1) developments in transportation, especially the invention of the train ... More


Probabilistic and Statistical Reasoning

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chapter 5 begins a series of chapters that describe subtests of the CART. In this chapter, the Probabilistic and Statistical Reasoning subtest is described. The reason for each of the task-types ... More


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