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The Unity of the Proposition

Richard Gaskin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is about the philosophy of language. It analyses what is distinctive about sentences and the propositions they express — what marks them off from mere lists of words and mere aggregates of ... More


Meaning, Understanding, and Practice: Philosophical Essays

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252145
eISBN:
9780191598487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252149.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Contains thirteen essays published by Barry Stroud between 1965 and 2000 on central topics in the philosophy of language and epistemology. In a volume that generally deals with the philosophical ... More


Categorial Ontology and Scientific Essentialism

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The sense in which laws are necessary is reviewed. The relationship between natural laws and natural kinds is emphasized. The relationship between natural laws and causal powers is further explored, ... More


Cartesian Skeptics

Janet Broughton

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay contrasts Descartes with three skeptical figures: the Doubting Pyrrhonist, the Agrippan Pyrrhonist, and the Cartesian Skeptic. It argues that the meditator in Descartes’s Meditations is ... More


The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


More Arguments Against Analyticity

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter responds to some further arguments against analyticity, including the Regress Argument, arguments based on the widespread phenomenon of vagueness, arguments from semantic externalism and ... More


Bradley's Regress and the Unity of the Proposition

Richard Gaskin

in The Unity of the Proposition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the generation of a regress consequent on the specification of the logical copula's reference or referent is the solution to the unity problem. Bradley's regress is not ... More


The Problem of Scepticism

José L. Zalabardo

in Scepticism and Reliable Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656073
eISBN:
9780191742132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656073.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the problem of scepticism, discussing the connection between scepticism and knowledge, the bearing of reliabilist epistemologies on the sceptical problem, and the view that ... More


Sceptical Arguments

José L. Zalabardo

in Scepticism and Reliable Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656073
eISBN:
9780191742132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656073.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter applies the theory of knowledge developed in Chapters 4–6 to the assessment of sceptical arguments. It shows how the theory deals with the regress argument, arguments based on sceptical ... More


Dynamic Trading Models, Technical Analysis, and the Role of Trading Volume

Markus K. Brunnermeier

in Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Focuses on dynamic models. The emphasis is on explaining technical analysis. These models show that past prices still carry valuable information. Some of these models also explain why it is rational ... More


Knowledge and Justification

Adrian Haddock

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter sketches an account of visual knowledge according to which the justification involved in knowledge not merely guarantees the truth of the belief which knowledge involves, but guarantees ... More


The Agent as a Locus of Self-Explanation

Christopher Yeomans

in Freedom and Reflection: Hegel and the Logic of Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794522
eISBN:
9780199919253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794522.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter applies the results of chapter 4 to the problem raised in chapter 3. That is, it shows how the conception of explanation Hegel articulates in his Logic eliminates the infinite regresses ... More


The Logical Possibility of ‘Co-operating…’

Donald H. Regan

in Utilitarianism and Co-operation

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246091
eISBN:
9780191680922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246091.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a development of the decision procedure P that models CU and which establishes the logical possibility of a theory with the properties that have been claimed for CU. The ... More


Are Any Moral Beliefs Justified?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes different ways for moral beliefs and believers to be justified: instrumentally or epistemically, permissively or positively, slightly or adequately, and personally or ... More


On the Source of Necessity

Ross P. Cameron

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Simon Blackburn posed a dilemma for any realist attempt to identify the source of necessity. Either the facts appealed to ground modal truth are themselves necessary, or they are contingent. If ... More


Objections Considered

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the major objections encountered in developing the theory of powers. One argument is that ontological seriousness about irreducible powers empties the world of something that it ... More


Zeta 6 on the Immediacy of Form

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Wedin discusses Aristotle's claims in Metaphysics Zeta 6 that the essence of a thing is to be sought among its per se attributes, and that each thing that is primary and spoken of per se, e.g. ... More


Third Man Arguments

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Third Man Argument is a regress argument that purports to show that if there is even one form of F, then there are infinitely many forms of F. That a regress can be identified is in itself an ... More


Agrippa and the Problem of Epistemic Justification

Robert J. Fogelin

in Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter lays out Agrippa's Five Modes Leading to the Suspension of Belief as they are found in Sextus Empiricus's Outlines of Pyrrhonism. The five modes are discrepancy (differences of opinion), ... More


Avoiding the Experimenters' Regress Avoiding the Experimenters' Regress Allan Franklin

Allan Franklin

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Harry Collins claims that there are no internal methods for evaluating the validity of scientific techniques. Experimental results are accepted only after a process of negotiation between parties ... More


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