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Child Sex Ratios and Their Regional Variation

Yong Cai and William Lavely

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines regional patterns of sex ratios for children aged 0 to 4 using county-level data collected by the 2000 census. Great regional disparities in sex ratios were observed among young ... More


Introduction: Beyond Villages and Common Fields

Stephen Rippon

in Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203826
eISBN:
9780191708282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203826.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter introduces the concept of regional variation in landscape character and reviews past literature and current debates on the subject. The processes whereby cultural landscapes can change ... More


What’s a Dialect Before It’s a Dialect?

Tim William Machan

in English in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199282128
eISBN:
9780191718991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282128.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter considers how the status of a language can figure in cultural activity by looking at two late-medieval poems: Chaucer's Reeve's Tale and the anonymous Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. ... More


Differences of Individual Earnings Within an Occupation

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

So far in the book, only the average pay in each occupation has been addressed, but there is generally a wide dispersion of individual pay about that average. The examination of these differences in ... More


Poverty, Progress, and Rising Life Expectancy

Judith Banister

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter concentrates on mortality decline and the impact of China's economic reform and poverty eradication program on improving life expectancy. It shows that mortality in China, even in poor ... More


Regional Variation in the Rural Economy

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the significance of regional variation in the analysis of the rural economy’s soundness and the influences of organizational and policy reforms to micro-level participants such ... More


Discussion and Conclusions

Stephen Rippon

in Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203826
eISBN:
9780191708282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203826.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book has sought to explore the reasons why the landscape of southern Britain is so varied in its character. For England, the later seventh to early ninth centuries appear to have seen profound ... More


Market Purchasing

Miranda Threlfall-Holmes

in Monks and Markets: Durham Cathedral Priory 1460-1520

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253814
eISBN:
9780191719813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253814.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Most imported and manufactured goods were bought by the priory on the open market, rather than via the tenurial networks discussed in Chapter 4. Moreover, market transactions were used when necessary ... More


Europe after Rome: A New Cultural History 500-1000

Julia M.H. Smith

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780192892638
eISBN:
9780191670626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892638.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book offers an integrated appraisal of the early Middle Ages as a dynamic and formative period in European history. It makes use of original sources to introduce early medieval men and women at ... More


Three Worlds of Relief

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores the relief systems that had emerged in different parts of the country by the eve of the Great Depression. It also describes and explains the racial patterning of local social ... More


Changing Mortality Patterns and Causes of Death

Zhongwei Zhao

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates the changes in age patterns of death and sex differentials in mortality. It also examines changes in causes of death and their impacts on China's mortality patterns. It ... More


Population Ageing: Challenges, Opportunities, and Institutions

Feng Wang and Andrew Mason

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the major consequences, especially economic consequences, of population ageing. It shows that population ageing not only opens a demographic window for economic development by ... More


Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain

Stephen Rippon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203826
eISBN:
9780191708282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203826.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book explores the origins and development of regional variation in landscape character across southern Britain during the medieval period. The ‘long eighth century’, between the late seventh and ... More


Maternal Mortality in Britain from 1850 to the Mid-1930s

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the trends, causes, and determinants of maternal mortality in Great Britain from 1850 to the mid-1930s. The most notable feature of this period is the exceptional peak of ... More


The Role of Concept Characteristics in Lexical Dialectometry

Dirk Speelman and Dirk Geeraerts

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

An important assumption underlying most if not all methods of dialectometry is that the automated analysis of the differences in language use between different locations, as they are recorded by ... More


General conclusions

Chris Wickham

in Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400—800

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264490
eISBN:
9780191698934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264490.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The early middle ages have always resisted synthesis; single generalizations about the motors of its development have always foundered. Thus, this chapter seeks not to provide an overall conclusion, ... More


Literacy and School Attendance

R. D. Anderson

in Education and the Scottish People 1750–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205159
eISBN:
9780191676529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205159.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the demand for schools and examines what families sought from schooling and how they used it as well as estimating the extent of literacy and school attendance. The general ... More


Poverty across states, nations, and continents

Lee Rainwater, Timothy M. Smeeding, and John Coder

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter looks at the issues that concern the regional variations in poverty, particularly child poverty. It is primarily concerned with the possible variations in child poverty rates among the ... More


Introduction: history, geography and demography

Sandra Clarke and Andrew Erskine

in Newfoundland and Labrador English

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626168
eISBN:
9780748671519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626168.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter introduces Newfoundland and Labrador English as a distinct speech variety, which though recognizably North American remains close to its southwest British and southern Irish roots. It ... More


Socialism

Theodore Zeldin

in A History of French Passions: Volume 1: Ambition, Love, and Politics

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221777
eISBN:
9780191678493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221777.003.0024
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter traces the histories of socialism in France that began in 1870. It is impossible, however, to understand the rapid success of the socialist party without going back to 1848. By going ... More


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