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Demographic Changes and Poverty in Brazil

Ricardo Paes de Barros, Sergio Firpo, Roberta Guedes Barreto, and Phillippe George Pereira Leite

in Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244072
eISBN:
9780191595974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244073.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of demographic changes on poverty levels in Brazil. Demographic transition had an impact on poverty close to 15% of the corresponding impact of economic growth. ... More


‘The majority went back to withdrawal’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges the idea that by the interwar period, appliance methods of contraception were increasingly replacing ‘inefficient’, ‘unreliable’, and ‘unpleasant’ traditional forms. It ... More


Dialectal Leveling in Spanish in New York

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Predictions are made regarding groups that should differ in pronoun occurrence rates if dialectal leveling is shaping Spanish in New York. Regional differences in pronoun rate diminish as exposure to ... More


Women's Work?: American Schoolteachers, 1650–1920

Joel Perlmann and Robert A. Margo

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226660394
eISBN:
9780226660417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660417.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

American schoolteaching is one of few occupations to have undergone a thorough gender shift yet previous explanations have neglected a key feature of the transition: its regional character. By the ... More


How Much Multilingualism?: Language Diversity on the Internet

John C. Paolillo

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Linguistic diversity on the Internet is often said to be increasing, particularly by marketing research groups seeking to identify global trends in Internet business. This chapter addresses how well ... More


The Pronoun Rate: Delineating New York Latino Communities

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

What are the subcommunities of Latino New Yorkers distinguished by in terms of occurrence rates of subject pronouns? Basic demographic groups defined by age, gender, education, and social class are ... More


Protestant Witchcraft, Catholic Witchcraft

Stuart Clark

in Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208082
eISBN:
9780191677915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208082.003.0035
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

The very idea of drawing broad confessional correlations across the history of witchcraft has been overtaken by enquiries into local patterns of witchcraft prosecution. It has become clear that the ... More


Agriculture

Robert E. Gallman and Paul W. Rhode

in Capital in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226633114
eISBN:
9780226633251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226633251.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on Agriculture, detailing Gallman’s estimation of the current-price and constant-price (1860) values of the capital stock on a decadal basis from 1840 to 1900. It includes ... More


School Discipline, Performance, and Presence of Immigrants in Italian Schools

Paolo Barbieri and Stefani Scherer

in Improving Learning Environments: School Discipline and Student Achievement in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804778039
eISBN:
9780804781688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778039.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter shows that high student victimization hinders academic performance for Italian students. The negative impact of high victimization is most acute in the performance of immigrant students, ... More


Emerging Divergences: Inequality, Exclusion, and Poverty

Deepak Nayyar

in Catch Up: Developing Countries in the World Economy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199652983
eISBN:
9780191761263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652983.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The era of catch up reveals emerging divergences in the world economy. Inequality between countries diminished slowly if modestly. Inequality among people in the world persisted at high levels. The ... More


A Comparative Perspective on Developing Economies

Yujiro Hayami

in Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243976
eISBN:
9780191596377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243972.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Aims to develop a bird's eye view on current status and growth potential of developing economies by means of highly condensed international comparative statistics in order to postulate broad ... More


Activity status, morbidity patterns and hospitalisation in India

Harihar Sahoo

in Work and Health in India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447327363
eISBN:
9781447327370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327363.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter provides a comprehensive picture of the relationships between activity status, morbidity patterns, and level of hospitalisation in India and across its six main geographical regions. ... More


What Have We Learned?

Mario Polèse

in The Wealth and Poverty of Regions: Why Cities Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226673158
eISBN:
9780226673172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226673172.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at the general explanation of why some places are wealthier than others. There has been a recurrent contest between general laws and particular circumstances, with the latter ... More


A Tale of Three Cultures

Jill A. Fisher

in Adverse Events: Race, Inequality, and the Testing of New Pharmaceuticals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479877997
eISBN:
9781479861439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479877997.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Despite similar financial goals among healthy volunteers, there are regional differences in the culture of Phase I participation. Chapter 3 focuses on this theme to further unpack variations in how ... More


Explaining Lieber's Paradox: Railroads, State Building, and Slavery

John Majewski

in Modernizing a Slave Economy: The Economic Vision of the Confederate Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832516
eISBN:
9781469603278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882375_majewski.7
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter attempts to account for an important regional difference. Virginia and South Carolina provide excellent case studies because both states initiated activist investment policies. ... More


The Party of Order: The Conservatives, the State, and Slavery in the Brazilian Monarchy, 1831–1871

Jeffrey D. Needell

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753692
eISBN:
9780804768061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753692.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This study analyzes Brazil's monarchy, which adapted European ideas and practices to a creole plantation society that was traditionally based on African slavery. It focuses upon the Conservatives, ... More


The Filipinos

Anthony P. S. Guerrero, Ricardo Bayola, and Celia Ona

in People and Cultures of Hawai'i: The Evolution of Culture and Ethnicity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835804
eISBN:
9780824868529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835804.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses the context and history of Filipino migration to Hawaiʻi. Filipinos in Hawaiʻi are the product of waves of immigration initially borne out of American colonization and the ... More


A Disaggregated Analysis of the Impact of War on Health

in War and the Health of Nations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758819
eISBN:
9780804773706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758819.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter, which examines the war-and-health relationship from 1960 to 1999 using disaggregated measures of health achievement, investigates the effects of conflict on fertility rates, infant ... More


Facing the Enemy and Confronting Defeat

Gary W. Gallagher and T. Michael Parrish (eds)

in The War for the Common Soldier: How Men Thought, Fought, and Survived in Civil War Armies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469643090
eISBN:
9781469643113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643090.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter shifts the focus away from what men thought to how they thought through the concept of cultural sensibilities. Northerners had the ability to stand outside of themselves through ironic ... More


Conclusion: How Do Party Systems Institutionalize?

Fernando Casal Bértoa and Zsolt Enyedi

in Party System Closure: Party Alliances, Government Alternatives, and Democracy in Europe

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198823605
eISBN:
9780191862212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823605.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After comparing the different indicators (i.e. party institutionalization, fragmentation, polarization, volatility and closure) employed in the book, we show how the Cold War period (1945–1989) was ... More


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