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Climate forcing on marine ecosystems

Ken Drinkwater, George Hunt, Patrick Lehodey, Salvador Lluch-Cota, Eugene J. Murphy, Yasunori Sakurai, Frank Schwing, Gregory Beaugrand, and Sundby Svein

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the role of climate variability and change and their effects on the marine environment. As the frequency of physical forcing increases, the biological changes progress from ... More


Dynamics of marine ecosystems: ecological processes

Coleen L. Moloney, Astrid Jarre, Shingo Kimura, David L. Mackas, Olivier Maury, Eugene J. Murphy, William T. Peterson, Jeffrey A. Runge, and Kazuaki Tadokoro

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

GLOBEC studies focused on biological—physical interactions of target species in different study regions, emphasizing responses of organisms to varying physical forces. Population‐level processes were ... More


Sea changes: structure and functioning of emerging marine communities

J. Emmett Duffy

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The industrial-scale fishing that expanded during the 20th century has strongly reduced the abundance of large animals throughout the world's oceans, reduced the food chain length of many pelagic and ... More


The History and Character of TRIPS: How It Shapes the Contemporary Debate

Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss

in A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304619
eISBN:
9780199933273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304619.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Private International Law

This Chapter situates the TRIPS Agreement in the historical context of the international intellectual property system, most notably the development of the Paris and Berne Conventions. It demonstrates ... More


Species in variable environments

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Species and communities may exist in a dynamic state of change in response to environmental variation and disturbance. This chapter explores the consequences of variable environments and disturbance ... More


Afterword

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter concludes that giant kelp forests have achieved the status of “rain forests” of temperate seas in being the most widely recognized inhabitant of temperate reefs and known for the high ... More


Invasion Dynamics

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Invasion Dynamics depicts how non-native species spread and perform in their novel ranges and how recipient socio-ecological systems are reshaped and how they respond to the new incursions. It ... More


Changes Over Time

Peter A. Gell, Marie-Elodie Perga, and C. Max Finlayson

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation: Approaches and Techniques

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198766384
eISBN:
9780191820908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766384.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Freshwater systems are continuously shaped by cyclical and directional forces of change, whether they be natural or anthropogenic. Beyond gradual transitions disturbances can reset their internal ... More


The state of seven seas

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

in Marine Pollution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198726289
eISBN:
9780191843815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726289.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Seven regions are described in terms of their pollution history, other synergistic human pressures, the current challenges and management approaches. Although the timing and detailed impacts vary, ... More


Fisheries Sustainability

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn

in Ocean Recovery: A sustainable future for global fisheries?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198839767
eISBN:
9780191875533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839767.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Fisheries Sustainability. Sustainability is defined as the ability of a socio-ecological system to continue to produce benefits to humans, and it has three distinct elements: biological, social, and ... More


Some Perspectives on Linked Ecosystems and Socioeconomic Systems

Kenneth J. Arrow, Paul R. Ehrlich, and Simon A. Levin

in Environment and Development Economics: Essays in Honour of Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199677856
eISBN:
9780191757266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677856.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains that social and ecological systems are intertwined, complex adaptive systems. They are complex adaptive systems because, in each case, behavior by individuals affects the whole, ... More


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