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Ice-based freshwater ecosystems

Ian Hawes, Clive Howard-Williams, and Andrew G. Fountain

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the physical, chemical, and biotic features of the main types of ice-based aquatic ecosystems. Dark-coloured sediments on and in ice enhance absorption of solar radiation, ... More


Bt Resistance Management: Getting Off the Treadmill

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Although Bt transgenic plants are ecologically benign compared with insecticide sprays, there is a concern that insects will eventually evolve resistance to Bt toxin. If that happened, then the ... More


The Quaternary fossil record as a source of data for evidence-based conservation: is the past the key to the future?

John R. Stewart

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Late Quaternary palaeoecological record represents a source of baseline data for evidence-based conservation, by providing novel insights into how organisms and environments are likely to respond ... More


Zoogeographic Affinities of Southwestern USA Plecoptera

Steven J. Cary and Gerald Z. Jacobi

in International Advances in the Ecology, Zoogeography, and Systematics of Mayflies and Stoneflies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098688
eISBN:
9780520943803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098688.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the zoogeographic affinities of 75 Plecoptera species in New Mexico and Arizona. The findings indicate that in four major physiographic subdivisions of the study area, stonefly ... More


Consistent Phylogeographic Patterns across Taxa and Major Evolutionary Events

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Consistent Phylogeographic Patterns across Taxa and Major Evolutionary Events Mediterranean to alpine climates (combined with vicariant events associated with glaciations, changing sea levels, and ... More


Evolution and Diversity

Karen J. Esler, Anna L. Jacobsen, and R. Brandon Pratt

in The Biology of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198739135
eISBN:
9780191802218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739135.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

As mediterranean-type climate (MTC) regions emerged and expanded, species from the regional pool colonized and persisted in these new climate regions. In general, taxa were derived from a few types ... More


Tough Times for the Loneliest Albatross

William H. Durham

in Exuberant Life: An Evolutionary Approach to Conservation in Galápagos

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197531518
eISBN:
9780197531549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197531518.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The waved albatross of Galápagos, the world’s only tropical albatross, has survived millennia of flying in low-velocity winds by foraging relatively short distances to the Peruvian upwelling. The ... More


First steps: biogeography, hybridization, and the origins of novel patterns

Chris D. Jiggins

in The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199566570
eISBN:
9780191833922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566570.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Warning colour patterns in Heliconius show great diversity as well as convergence due to mimicry. This chapter considers the origins of such diversity. Heliconius have been proposed as an example of ... More


Human impacts and plant conservation

Ahmad Hegazy and Jonathan Lovett-Doust

in Plant Ecology in the Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199660810
eISBN:
9780191820687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660810.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

This chapter considers the challenges faced by plant conservation in the Middle East, outlining what is needed for successful conservation. It describes how humans are exacerbating the ongoing ... More


The shifting landscape of genes since the Pliocene: terrestrial phylogeography in the Greater Cape Floristic Region

Krystal A. Tolley, Rauri C.K. Bowie, G. John Measey, Benjamin W. Price, and Félix Forest

in Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation of a Megadiverse Region

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199679584
eISBN:
9780191791949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679584.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Present day genetic diversity within the Greater Cape Floristic Region (GCFR) is attributed to diversification during the Pliocene (5–2.5 Ma) and Pleistocene (2.5 Ma–20,000), due to the substantial ... More


Weathering the impacts of climate change: methods for measuring the environment at scales relevant to conservation physiology

Brian Helmuth

in Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198843610
eISBN:
9780191879401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Ectothermic organisms experience their local environments in ways that humans can have difficulty conceptualizing. Physics-based (ecomechanical) approaches, for example heat budget models, can lend ... More


Climate change and conservation biology

Jeremy T. Kerr and Heather M. Kharouba

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0017
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

It is increasingly recognized that, as a result of ever-growing atmospheric inputs of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels, the ... More


The Holocene at high latitudes

R. M. M. Crawford

in Tundra-Taiga Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199559404
eISBN:
9780191810053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199559404.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter first details the advent of post-glacial period at northern latitudes after ice volumes peaked about 21,000 years ago. There were a number of climatic oscillations during the final ... More


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