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Responses to Evidential Ambiguity: Isolationist and Reformed Epistemologies

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers whether fideism might be avoided through alternative approaches to the (assumed) evidential ambiguity of theism. Isolationist (Wittgensteinian) epistemology (often linked to ... More


Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

John Bishop

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Can it be justifiable to commit oneself ‘by faith’ to a religious claim when its truth lacks adequate support from one's total available evidence? After critiquing both Wittgensteinian and Reformed ... More


Faith with Reason

Paul Helm

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book studies the nature of religious faith, investigating what makes it reasonable. Religious belief needs to meet and sustain philosophical scrutiny just as any other type of belief does; ... More


Religious Epistemology

Nicholas Wolterstorff

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

While acknowledging the importance of sophisticated reformulations of some of the traditional arguments for “natural and revealed” religion, the bulk of this chapter expounds and then compares and ... More


Evidence and Religious Belief

Kelly James Clark and Raymond J. VanArragon (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

A fundamental question in the field of religious epistemology asks whether religious belief must be based on evidence in order to be properly held. In recent years two prominent positions on this ... More


Natural Theology and the Sensus Divinitatis

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

There have been sharply divergent views on Calvin's view of natural theology. Some think that Calvin sees no 'point of contact' between believer and unbeliever, others that he is a fully fledged ... More


Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Jason A. Springs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Toward a Generous Orthodoxy provides a refined exposition of Hans Frei's christologically motivated engagement with Ludwig Wittgenstein, Clifford Geertz, Erich Auerbach, his use of ... More


John Calvin's Ideas

Paul Helm

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

John Calvin is universally acknowledged as one of the formative Christian theologians and one of the great doctors of the Church. His work continues to be the subject of almost continuous exposition ... More


The Problem of Natural Theology

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the concept of natural signs of God, understood as broadly accessible objects or experiences that naturally point to God. These signs lie at the core of classical theistic ... More


Epistemology in Philosophy of Religion

Philip L. Quinn

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Epistemology in Philosophy of Religion,” Philip Quinn focuses on the central problem of religious epistemology for monotheistic religions: the epistemic status of belief in the existence of God. ... More


The Concept of a Natural Sign

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explicates the concept of a natural sign. The original Reidian concept of a natural sign is either a sensation or a perception that is causally linked “upstream” to what the sign ... More


On Believing that the Scriptures are Divinely Inspired

Thomas M. Crisp

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter investigates the epistemology of belief that the Bible is divinely inspired. It assumes that most Christians arejustified in believing as much and asks: Whence comes justification for ... More


The Rationality of Revelation

Brian Hebblethwaite

in In Defence of Christianity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276790
eISBN:
9780191602993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927679X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The relation between natural theology and revealed theology is explored. It is shown how appeals to revelation are perfectly rational. Such appeals can and should be included in a cumulative case ... More


Analytic Philosophy of Religion

William Hasker

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Analytic philosophy of religion was gestated in the nineteen forties, born in the early fifties, spent its childhood in the sixties, and its adolescence in the seventies and early eighties. Since ... More


Wittgensteinianism: Logic, Reality, and God

D. Z. Phillips

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Five reasons are given for why Wittgensteinianism, though a major movement in philosophy of religion, has never been a dominant one. The remainder of the chapter is divided as follows: - I: The ... More


And Not Antifoundationalism Either

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frei's appeals to the "givenness" of revelation-the claim, for instance, that all doctrines or theological assertions are directly or indirectly grounded in faith, or that faith is rational in that ... More


Religious Experience and the Question of Whether Belief in God Requires Evidence

Evans C. Stephen

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that George Mavrodes’ account of religious experience helps us to see the value of both Reformed epistemology’s contention that belief in God can be ‘properly basic’ and ... More


Introduction

Kelly James Clark and Raymond J. VanArragon

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This introduction sketches some background to the central topics of the book. Those topics include the requirement that religious belief be based on evidence, the ways in which background beliefs ... More


Skepticism, Reason, and Reidianism

Joel Pust

in The A Priori in Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695331
eISBN:
9780191758218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695331.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The traditional problems of epistemology have often been thought to be properly solved only by the provision of an argument, with premises justified by rational intuition and introspection, for the ... More


Faith and Foundationalism

Paul Helm

in Faith with Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

One currently prominent epistemological strategy used to explore the rationality of religious belief is associated with ‘Reformed’ epistemology, a form of foundationalism which argues that it is ... More


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