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Conclusions

Morwenna Ludlow

in Gregory of Nyssa, Ancient and (Post)modern

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199280766
eISBN:
9780191712906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280766.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This concluding chapter draws together some more general answers to the question of why Gregory has been interpreted in so many different ways, first looking at the question from the perspective of ... More


Juvenile Justice in Victorian Scotland

Christine Kelly

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474427340
eISBN:
9781474476508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474427340.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This book explores the history of juvenile justice and the day industrial school movement in 19th-century Scotland. How did Scotland’s criminal justice system respond to marginalised street children ... More


Assimilating the Lower Classes

David R. Ambaras

in Bad Youth: Juvenile Delinquency and the Politics of Everyday Life in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520245792
eISBN:
9780520932203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245792.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the adjustment of the lower classes. It notes that despite the reformers' humanitarian intentions, they tended to view the lower classes through their own prejudices and ... More


Mettray: A History of France's Most Venerated Carceral Institution

Stephen A. Toth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501740183
eISBN:
9781501740190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740183.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Mettray Penal Colony was a private reformatory without walls, established in France in 1840 for the rehabilitation of young male delinquents. Foucault linked its opening to the most significant ... More


Youth and the Welfare State in Weimar Germany

Elizabeth Harvey

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204145
eISBN:
9780191676123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204145.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This is a study of social policy in Weimar Germany. The Weimar Republic gave German youth new social rights and a pledge of generous educational and welfare provision. Public social and welfare ... More


Fathers and the New Republic, 1770–1840

Jürgen Martschukat

in American Fatherhood: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479892273
eISBN:
9781479804740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479892273.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

Chapter 1 covers the era of the American Revolution and the Early Republic. As this chapter lays the groundwork for the observations to come, it is the only chapter that has no single actor in its ... More


The Statutory Framework before 1968

Kenneth McK. Norrie

in A History of Scottish Child Protection Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474444170
eISBN:
9781474490740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter traces the evolving legislative framework of child protection processes, from the poor law and through the early regulation of reformatory and industrial schools, to the late 19th ... More


Institutional Care

Kenneth McK. Norrie

in A History of Scottish Child Protection Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474444170
eISBN:
9781474490740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter explores the development and increasing regulation of the institutional care of children removed from their families by the state. The growth of reformatory and industrial schools in the ... More


Aftercare

Kenneth McK. Norrie

in A History of Scottish Child Protection Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474444170
eISBN:
9781474490740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Aftercare, the duties owed to young people after they leave formal care, has always been an inherent aspect of the child protection process in Scotland, perhaps more so indeed in the early days when ... More


Creating Juvenile Delinquents: Redefining Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Six investigates Ottoman conceptions of childhood, particularly regarding incarcerated minors. During the Second Constitutional Period, the CUP went to great lengths to protect children from ... More


The Reformatories and Industrial Schools

Roy Parker

in Uprooted: The Shipment of Poor Children to Canada, 1867-1917

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420145
eISBN:
9781447304142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420145.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses the patterns and attitudes towards emigration from British reformatories and industrial schools. The emigration of children from reformatories and industrial schools was always ... More


State Institutions

Richard B. Collins, Dale A. Oesterle, and Lawrence Friedman

in The Colorado State Constitution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190907723
eISBN:
9780190907754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907723.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores Article VIII of the Colorado Constitution, on state institutions. Section 1 requires that the general assembly establish and support educational, reformatory, and penal ... More


A Different Story: Recreation and Cinema in Women’s Prisons and Reformatories

Alison Griffiths

in Carceral Fantasies: Cinema and Prison in Early Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231161060
eISBN:
9780231541565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161060.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter 5: “A Different Story: Recreation and Cinema in Women’s Prisons and Reformatories” explores how women incarcerated in prisons and reformatories at the turn-of-the-last century first ... More


Institutionalisation, the State and the NSPCC

Sarah-Anne Buckley

in The cruelty man: Child welfare, the NSPCC and the State in Ireland, 1889-1956

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719087660
eISBN:
9781781706275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087660.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Chapter Four looks specifically at the use of institutionalisation by the State and the NSPCC to ‘deal’ with children and families in poverty. It will show that, although industrial schools, ... More


Childhood as a national asset: the medical and moral framing of ‘health’

Kevin Ryan

in Refiguring childhood: Encounters with biosocial power

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781526148612
eISBN:
9781526160959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526148629.00013
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Chapter 6 presents a genealogy of reformatory education and public hygiene, focusing on how ‘health’ has come to traverse medical and moral conceptions of childhood, and how the figure of the healthy ... More


Ideas and Institutions: The Enlightenments, Human Nature, and Disability

in Comparing Special Education: Origins to Contemporary Paradoxes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760737
eISBN:
9780804779135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760737.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the contribution of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment as the ideological origin of special education. It describes how the Enlightenment thought resulted in the rise and ... More


Introduction

Paul Sargent

in Wild Arabs and savages: A history of juvenile justice in Ireland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089169
eISBN:
9781781706626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089169.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The introduction provides a brief overview of the development of the Irish juvenile justice system, highlighting the lack of legislative and policy development throughout most of the twentieth ... More


From penitentiary to community

Paul Sargent

in Wild Arabs and savages: A history of juvenile justice in Ireland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089169
eISBN:
9781781706626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089169.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Given the fact that there is no existing history of juvenile justice in Ireland, this chapter provides a straightforward historical account of some of the main developments that have occurred from ... More


How the system became visible

Paul Sargent

in Wild Arabs and savages: A history of juvenile justice in Ireland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089169
eISBN:
9781781706626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089169.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapter 3 explains how the juvenile justice system became visible in Ireland. It highlights how the ‘problem’ of the juvenile delinquent emerged in the mid-nineteenth century. Both the problem of ... More


Reformulating Discretion in the Mid-to Late Nineteenth Century

Carolyn Strange

in Discretionary Justice: Pardon and Parole in New York from the Revolution to the Depression

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781479899920
eISBN:
9781479843619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479899920.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The idea that individual failings—moral, physical, and mental—must dictate each criminal’s penal treatment gained currency in penal circles by the late 1800s. Starting in the Elmira Reformatory, ... More


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