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Postmodernization Erodes Respect for Authority, But Increases Support for Democracy

Ronald Inglehart

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents an analysis of the reasons for the post‐modern shift to declining respect for/deference to authority among the publics of advanced industrial societies, and of the accompanying growing ... More


Cortical Control of Visuomotor Reflexes

Robert Rafal

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter uses eye movements as a model system to investigate how midbrain reflex circuits and frontal and parietal systems for eye movement control combine to produce goal-directed behavior. ... More


Myoclonus Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Mycolonus is a sudden, irregular, jerky movement of a group of muscles. It can be related to hyperexcitability of cerebral neurons, manifested by periodic synchronous EEG discharges (PSDs). If these ... More


Sacral Nerves

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The posterior femoral cutaneous nerve is also referred to as the lesser sciatic nerve. It originates from the S1 to S3 roots. It exits from the pelvis by passing anterior to the piriformis muscle and ... More


Vestibulo-Ocular Reflexes

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

To maintain a clear and stable view of the environment, we use reflexes to rotate our eyes in a direction that is opposite to any head motion that occurs. The reflexes are driven by both vestibular ... More


Significance of Muscle Proprioceptive and Vestibulospinal Reflexes in the Control of Human Posture

Michael Trippel, Gerhard A. Horstmann, and Volker Dietz

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0088
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibular system plays an important role in the stabilization of human stance. The purpose of this study is to clarify which receptors and mechanisms are involved in the regulation of posture. ... More


Hodge Structures with Complex Multiplication

Mark Green, Phillip Griffiths, and Matt Kerr

in Mumford-Tate Groups and Domains: Their Geometry and Arithmetic (AM-183)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154244
eISBN:
9781400842735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154244.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

This chapter describes Hodge structures with a high degree of symmetry, and specifically complex multiplication Hodge structures or CM Hodge structures. It broadens the notion of CM type by defining ... More


The Ventrolateral Medulla and Sympathetic Regulation of Arterial Pressure

Ann M. Schreihofer and Alan F. Sved

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The ventrolateral medulla plays a critical role in the regulation of arterial blood pressure, mainly by regulating sympathetic nerve activity to cardiovascular targets such as the heart and blood ... More


Transcutaneous Lumbar Posterior Root Stimulation for Motor Control Studies and Modification of Motor Activity after Spinal Cord Injury

Karen Minassian, Ursula Hofstoetter, and Frank Rattay

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

A method for transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation that can be used for noninvasive investigations of lumbar neural circuits' function in human subjects was recently developed. The same technique ... More


Philology: The Evidence for the Italic Development

JANE STUART-SMITH

in Phonetics and Philology: Sound Change in Italic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257737
eISBN:
9780191717765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257737.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The Italic reflexes are found in those words whose root/stem/ending can be shown to continue a Proto–Indo–European (PIE) voiced aspirate. This chapter presents a detailed summary of the evidence for ... More


Motor Control and Coordination

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The third part of the book starts with a review of the contribution of two great scientists, Israel Gelfand and Michael Tsetlin, to motor control. The notions of hierarchical control and structural ... More


Spasticity II: Physiological measurements

E. M. Sedgwick and J. Benfield

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Direct tests by the microneuronographic recording of muscle afferent fibres of spastic human subjects show that the gamma system is not overactive, and the muscle spindles do not have an increased ... More


Multidimensional Analysis of Head Stabilization—Progress and Prospects

Barry W. Peterson, James F. Baker, and Emily A. Keshner

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0057
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The ultimate objective in studying the vestibulocollic (VCR) and cervicocollic (CCR) reflexes is to understand their dynamic and spatial properties at three levels: the kinetics of movement of the ... More


A Brief History of Coping

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Plants cope passively with their environments. Animals can act – move from places less to more favorable for feeding, fighting, fleeing, and/or reproducing accordingly as their nervous systems ... More


Spasticity I: Clinical aspects

L. S. Illis

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Muscle possesses some elasticity, but most of the resting condition of muscle tone or tension is of a reflexive nature and is maintained by afferent impulses which arise in the muscle spindles. The ... More


Deciders

Robert Kirk

in Zombies and Consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285488
eISBN:
9780191603150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285489.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Considering humbler creatures than ourselves provides a better chance of uncovering what really matters for perceptual consciousness. This chapter discusses a series of broad classes of behaving ... More


Sensitization of polymodal receptors

Kumazawa Takao

in Neurobiology of Nociceptors

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523345
eISBN:
9780191724527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523345.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The ‘coiling reflex’ observed in the protochordate is the most primitive vertebrate nervous reflex, exhibited as the body coils away from noxious stimulus. The responsiveness of sensory receptors is ... More


Autonomic Nervous System Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Autonomic function can be tested by its influence on vascular and cardiac function. Thus, the variation of the R-R interval during electrocardiography can be used or changes in blood pressure. The ... More


Otolith contribution to gaze stabilization

Bernhard Hess and Dora Angelaki

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Some of the functional properties of different otolith-ocular reflexes are discussed in this chapter, such as the linear vestibulo-ocular reflexes, which are activated by linear acceleration. The ... More


Cervico-ocular Reflexes with and without Simultaneous Vestibular Stimulation in Rabbits

Neal H. Barmack, Pierangelo Errico, Aldo Ferraresi, and Vito E. Pettorossi

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The horizontal cervico-ocular reflex (HCOR) comprises compensatory eye movements that are evoked by rotation of the body about the fixed head. This head goes together with the horizontal ... More


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