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Ordinary Objects

Amie L. Thomasson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arguments that ordinary inanimate objects such as tables and chairs, sticks and stones, simply do not exist have become increasingly common. Some arguments for eliminativism are based on demands for ... More


Formal Theories of Truth and Putnam's ‘Common‐sense Realism’

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses formal theories of truth: the redundancy theory and its ilk, distinguished by the attempt to characterize truth in terms of its structural properties, in the context of the ... More


Towards a Theory of Stare Decisis

Martin Shapiro

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This paper, which was originally published in The Journal of Legal Studies in 1972, is the first of two that examine some of the problems posed by the method of law-making that is associated with the ... More


Parties: Denied, Dismissed, or Redundant? a Critique

Hans Daalder

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Hans Daalder systematically analyses writings since the beginning of the twentieth century that have dealt with an alleged ‘crisis of parties’, or, as described since the 1970s, ‘party decline’. He ... More


Economic Redundancy: The Paradoxes of Exemplary Protection

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the role of protection against economic redundancy in preventing unemployment. It is argued that despite highly protective, collective legal mechanisms, those most at risk are ... More


Item-specific knowledge and generalizations

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Language contains both large generalizations and idiosyncratic facts, and therefore we unavoidably find those who favour lumping and those who favour splitting. The constructionist approach to ... More


Attempted definitions of ‘ontological category’

Jan Westerhoff

in Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199285044
eISBN:
9780191713699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285044.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the different definitions of ontological categories which have been proposed. Two positions, one declaring the problem to be inherently unsolvable, and the other taking recourse ... More


Syntactic Categories and Semantic Relativity

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Radical Construction Grammar, like other construction grammars, treats constructions as pairings of form and meaning, and like typology, uses meaning as the basis for crosslinguistic comparison. ... More


Lexical Storage versus Online Construction

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Traditional generative grammar makes two related assumptions: first, that lexical items — the stored elements that are combined into larger expressions — enter the combinatorial system by virtue of ... More


Varieties of Deflationism

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The deflationary outlook comprises four interlocking ideas about the truth predicate: one at the level of pragmatics, concerning its function; another at the level of semantics, concerning the way in ... More


Characteristics of Auditory and Visual Scenes

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

If the goal of sensory systems is to maximize information transmission, there should be a match between the functioning of the sensory systems and the statistical properties of the objects in the ... More


Mixed Quotation—Semantically Redundant?

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines one small aspect of mixed quotation, namely, whether it is a genuinely semantic phenomenon. It argues that the Redundancy View (RV) of mixed quotation and its corollary CRV are ... More


The Disruption Principle

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents the disruption principle, which links mechanisms, identified with causal structure as explained in the previous chapter, to the probabilistic concept of causal relevance. The ... More


Redundancies, Unemployment, and Migration

John Knight and Lina Song

in Towards a Labour Market in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245277
eISBN:
9780191602207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245274.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the effects of the Chinese government’s redundancy policy on the urban labour market and migrant employment. The policy caused widespread job losses, with 19% of households ... More


Embedding Under Tense Operators

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

David Kaplan was one of the most vivid supporters of the view that there are temporal contents which tense operators operate on. The conclusion that the truth-value of sentence content may be ... More


A Brief History of Movement Studies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The second part of the book presents a brief history of movement science starting from ancient Greece and Rome, through the Renaissance, and ending up with the progress of movement science during the ... More


Truth and Correspondence

Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199290932
eISBN:
9780191710445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290932.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the relation of theories of truth to the program of truth-theoretic semantics. It reviews briefly three traditional theories of truth and their relation to Tarski-style ... More


The limits of Kantian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Kantian contractualism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the version advanced by T. M. Scanlon in What We Owe To Each Other. It begins by introducing ... More


Wittgenstein's Irrealism

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many writers have associated Wittgenstein with a ‘wet blanket’ opposition to philosophical theorising. This chapter shows that his practice belies this and details his own efforts to gain a ... More


True to the Facts

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson explores whether the semantic concept of truth utilized in Essay 2 (i.e. a theory of truth recursively defined on satisfaction) can be developed into a ‘correspondence’ theory of truth, i.e. ... More


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