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Introduction

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the emergence of a neuromolecular vision of the brain. This means a new scale at which the brain and nervous system was conceptualized, and a new way ... More


Introduction

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is only comparatively recently in the history of civilisation that there has been widespread scepticism regarding religious experiences. Arguments against the plausibility of religious doctrines ... More


Introduction

Ian Hinckfuss

in The Existence of Space and Time

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245193
eISBN:
9780191680854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245193.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses the philosophical problems of space and time. Roughly speaking, Chapters 1, 2, and 3 deal with space, and Chapters 4, 5, and 6 deal with time. These problems perhaps arise merely ... More


Anti‐Reductionism

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers anti-reductionist theories and argues that each of those also fails. Anti-reductionists — who maintain that there are semantic facts over and above the causal, physical, and ... More


Introduction to Part I

Lucy O'Brien

in Self-Knowing Agents

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261482
eISBN:
9780191718632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261482.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter begins with an explanation of the main focus of the book, namely the central aspects of self-consciousness. It then discusses a first-person reference, in particular it ... More


The Self‐Reference Rule

Lucy O'Brien

in Self-Knowing Agents

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261482
eISBN:
9780191718632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261482.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the self-reference rule (SSR), which states that ‘I’ refers to the subject who produced it. In particular, it analyses the suggestion that SRR is able to provide a satisfactory ... More


Is Reductionism Expressible?

Mark Siderits

in Pointing at the Moon: Buddhism, Logic, Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381559
eISBN:
9780199869244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381559.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Buddhists hold that there is no self. Their view is best represented as a form of ontological reductionism. But this claim is controversial, since Buddhists do not typically put theirs as the view ... More


Appendix: Reductionism

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thanks largely to the influence of Derek Parfit, the term ‘reductionism’ has entered into recent discussions of persons and their identity. Some theories are classed as reductionist, others as ... More


Epistemic Reductionism

Terence Cuneo

in The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Reductionist views are the least radical of the antirealist camp. They maintain that there are moral facts, but deny that these facts are or generate categorical reasons. This chapter develops the ... More


Review of Past Formulations

Jeffrey Poland

in Physicalism: The Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198249801
eISBN:
9780191681202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198249801.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter reviews the most prominent recent formulations of physicalist doctrine to determine how well they fare relative to the criteria of adequacy set out in Chapter 1. It argues that every ... More


Conclusion

Mark Lawrence

in Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients to food

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691975
eISBN:
9780191748806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The book’s conclusion presents the research investigation’s lessons for food fortification policy and practice. Mandatory food fortification is a recommended intervention for those public health ... More


Can We Understand the Action of Brains in Natural Environments?

Hermann Wagner and Bernhard Gaese

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

One of the major challenges for future research will lie in trying to reconcile current reductionist approaches and results with the real demands of nervous systems: the online operation of brains ... More


Singularist Theories of Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter concludes with an overview of singularist theories of the causal relation. A variety of singularist sorts of theories are distinguished and assessed for their relative plausibility. ... More


Religion & The Order of Nature: The 1994 Cadbury Lectures at the University of Birmingham

Seyyed Hossein Nasr

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108231
eISBN:
9780199853441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108231.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The current ecological crisis is a matter of urgent global concern, with solutions being sought on many fronts. This book argues that the devastation of our world has been exacerbated, if not ... More


Introduction: A Voyage Across Time

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This book examines how Western ideas about the brain emerged and developed by focusing on discoveries in the fields of neurology, anatomy, and physiology. It shows that new ideas have sometimes split ... More


The Reductionist Challenge

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Perhaps the most popular current challenge to religious experience is the ‘reductionist’ challenge. No putatively reductionist accounts of religious experience can disprove theism. One can only show ... More


The Physics of Downward Causation

Paul C. W. Davies

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

By tradition, physics is a strongly reductionist science. The problem of downward causation from the physicist's point of view is: How can wholes act causatively on parts if all interactions are ... More


Methodological Individualism as a form of Reductionism

Bhargava Rajeev

in Individualism in Social Science: Forms and Limits of a Methodology

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242796
eISBN:
9780191680564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242796.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the reductionist variants of methodological individualism (both explanatory and semantic). Only one version of semantic reductionism is discussed, which is a specific theory ... More


The Atomists

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the theory of Atomism, from Leucippus and Democritus to Epicurus and his followers. The early Atomists were concerned with the circumvention of the Eleatic denial ... More


Existing Theories

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses two major approaches — reductionist and functionalist — to answer several questions regarding speech. It describes reductionist as an approach that studies the properties of ... More


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