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Shaping Jazz: Cities, Labels, and the Global Emergence of an Art Form

Damon J. Phillips

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150888
eISBN:
9781400846481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150888.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

There are over a million jazz recordings, but only a few hundred tunes have been recorded repeatedly. Why did a minority of songs become jazz standards? Why do some songs—and not others—get ... More


African American Blues and the Phonograph: From Race Records to Rhythm and Blues

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, American

Commercial recordings of music made by African Americans, discs designed by record companies to sell to African Americans, finally emerged in the 1920s as a further extension of earlier ethnic music ... More


The Phonograph and the Evolution of “Foreign” and “Ethnic” Records

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

Cultural stereotypes in the United States constrained the involvement of immigrants with recorded music while simultaneously opening limited avenues of opportunity, especially for those from ... More


A Renewed Flow of Memories: The Depression and the Struggle over “Hit Records”

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

The economic depression of the 1930s decimated the recording industry in the United States: hard times so undermined the phonograph companies that many never recovered. Victor and Columbia survived ... More


The Birth of the Nashville Recording Industry

Travis D. Stimeling

in Nashville Cats: Record Production in Music City

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780197502815
eISBN:
9780197502846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502815.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American, Popular

Country music was recorded in Nashville as early as the 1920s, but it was not until the mid-1950s that the city became a significant center for the production of recorded country music. This chapter ... More


The Gendered Phonograph: Women and Recorded Sound, 1890–1930

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

The public history of the early phonograph business echoes with the sounds of its male inventors, entrepreneurs, and recording artists. From the crusty phonograph patriarch, Thomas Edison himself, ... More


Economics and the Invention of Hillbilly Records in the South

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

In the early history of the phonograph and recorded music, if not in the minds and performance practices of all vernacular musicians, blues and hillbilly music should receive separate consideration; ... More


Popular Recorded Music within the Context of National Life

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, American

More than we used to realize, the phonograph and recorded music served to stimulate collective memories among Americans of different social and ethnic backgrounds, who were, like the few large ... More


Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

William Howland Kenney

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

Have records, compact discs, and other sound reproduction equipment merely provided American listeners with pleasant diversions, or have more important historical and cultural influences flowed ... More


Contemporary Adults: A&M Records and Middle of the Road

Eric Weisbard

in Top 40 Democracy: The Rival Mainstreams of American Music

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226896168
eISBN:
9780226194370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226194370.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter uses a record label, A&M, founded by musician Herb Alpert and businessman Jerry Moss, to highlight both the record industry and Middle of the Road/Adult Contemporary, the format of older ... More


Collectors, Con Men, and the Struggle for Property Rights

Alex Sayf Cummings

in Democracy of Sound: Music Piracy and the Remaking of American Copyright in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199858224
eISBN:
9780190254520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199858224.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines how collectors, listeners, and entrepreneurs took advantage of a legal gray zone—that composers deserved to benefit from recordings of their work but that record companies did ... More


Southern Migrant Blues: Lee Bradley and the Black Metropolis

Kevin D. Greene

in The Invention and Reinvention of Big Bill Broonzy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646497
eISBN:
9781469646510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646497.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

As part of his New Negro transformation, Broonzy would give himself a new moniker, “Willie Broonzy,” and engage with black Chicago’s powerfully vibrant music scene. There, Broonzy would transform his ... More


George Katsaros: The Last Café-Aman Performer1

Stavros K. Frangos

in Greek Music in America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496819703
eISBN:
9781496819758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496819703.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

There is probably no more prolific writer on Greek American culture and history than anthropologist Steve Frangos. His essays span many realms of culture, but the body of work regarding early Greek ... More


Pioneering the orchestra-owned label: LSO Live in An Industry in Crisis

Ananay Aguilar

in Global Perspectives on Orchestras: Collective Creativity and Social Agency

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199352227
eISBN:
9780199352258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199352227.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter discusses the London Symphony Orchestra’s creation and development of the pioneering orchestra-owned label LSO Live as a response to a classical music industry in crisis. The ... More


The Mechanization of Everyday Life: Mechanical Instruments, Phonography, and Modernity

João Silva

in Entertaining Lisbon: Music, Theater, and Modern Life in the Late 19th Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190215705
eISBN:
9780190215729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215705.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Popular

Starting in the last decades of the 19th century, the integration into everyday life of machines that could record and reproduce music introduced changes in Lisbon’s market for cultural goods. The ... More


Boom and bust: 1919–1933

John Williamson and Martin Cloonan

in Players' work time: A history of the British Musicians' Union, 1893â2013

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781784991326
eISBN:
9781526120786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991326.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter outlines the AMU’s history immediately post 1918 and its moves towards merger with the National Orchestral Union of Professional Musicians (NOUPM) to form the Musician’s Union (MU) in ... More


Intro

Alex Stewart

in Making the Scene: Contemporary New York City Big Band Jazz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249530
eISBN:
9780520940161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249530.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

Throughout the decades following the swing era, big bands appeared regularly in ballrooms, concert halls, and jazz clubs. Recording and broadcast studios mediated the sounds. During the 1990s, big ... More


Before Porn Was Legal: The Erotica Empire of Beate Uhse

Elizabeth Heineman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226325217
eISBN:
9780226325231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226325231.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Struggling to survive in post-World War II Germany, Beate Uhse-Rotermund (1919–2001)—a former Luftwaffe pilot, war widow, and young mother—turned to selling goods on the black market. A self-penned ... More


Rock Star/Movie Star: Power and Performance in Cinematic Rock Stardom

Landon Palmer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190888404
eISBN:
9780190888442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888404.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

When midcentury Hollywood found itself struggling to compete within an expanding entertainment media landscape, certain producers and studios saw an opportunity in making films that showcased ... More


Jack à l’Opéra: Jazz Bands in Black and White

Adny Fry

in Paris Blues: African American Music and French Popular Culture, 1920-1960

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226138787
eISBN:
9780226138954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226138954.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Popular

If the black shows discussed in chapter 1 represented one aspect of jazz in interwar Paris, the circulation of mainly white jazz-band recordings on 78 rpm discs represented quite another. This ... More


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