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Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


The South Germanic bedrock under foreign incursions

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Recombinations of liberal and corporatist economic institutions, of hierarchical subordination and lateral association have marked German socio-economic history from the beginnings of modernity until ... More


Making Sense of Internationalization

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This last chapter sums up the basic message and draws some conclusions. Rather than opposing convergence and divergence, how supranational convergence breeds new local divergence should be explained. ... More


ATOMIC PROCESSES

Takashi Fujimoto

in Plasma Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter presents an overview of atomic processes which play important roles in plasma spectroscopy. Starting with the atomic wavefunction of hydrogen, the absorption oscillator strengths between ... More


Clonality within the Individual

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although clonality is often discussed in reference to whole organisms, the phenomenon also applies to (and is underlain by) genetic processes operating within each individual. All forms of clonal ... More


Sexuality: The Antithesis of Clonality

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sexual reproduction is the antithesis of clonality because genes that are faithfully copied during asexual replication are genetically scrambled (recombined) during the sexual processes of meiosis ... More


Prometheus Unbound: releasing the constraints on natural selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The evolution of asexual organisms in laboratory microcosms is constrained by the lack of genetic exchange and by isolation from the rest of the world. When these constraints are relaxed, the rate of ... More


Sexual selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There is good but not conclusive evidence that sex is indirectly selected because it facilitates adaptation, and in particular adaptation to coevolving antagonists. Competition for sexual partners ... More


Swap Meet from Heck: Trading Sequences between Viruses and Transgenes

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

One success story in plant biotechnology is the production of virus-resistant papaya, which saved the papaya industry in Hawaii. The virus-resistant plants contain a piece of viral DNA that protects ... More


IONIZATION AND RECOMBINATION OF PLASMA

Takashi Fujimoto

in Plasma Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The effective rates for ionization and for recombination including processes via excited levels are expressed as the collisional-radiative (CR) ionization rate coefficient and the CR recombination ... More


Finding Our Roots: Did “Eve” Know “Adam”?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Unlike most of our genes, mitochondrial DNA is transmitted solely by mothers; males are a dead-end for the mitochondria. Evolutionary biologists have determined that the most recent common ancestor ... More


SNPs, HapMap, and common disease

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The extent of single nucleotide polymorphism is reviewed, together with insights gained into the nature of allelic architecture in terms of haplotypes, linkage disequilibrium and recombination. The ... More


Recombination processes

P. K. Basu

in Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors: Bulk and Microstructures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526209
eISBN:
9780191706790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526209.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses various radiative recombination processes in a semiconductor, the rates of the processes, and the nature of the emission spectra. Band-to-band, band-to-impurity, and excitonic ... More


6 Non-radiative recombination

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Nonradiative recombination involves various kinds of transformation of the electronic excitation energy into other types of energy than light. Instead of being emitted as luminescence, there are ... More


The pedagogy of improvisation II: Pedagogical strategies

Aaron L. Berkowitz

in The Improvising Mind: Cognition and Creativity in the Musical Moment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590957
eISBN:
9780191594595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590957.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter discusses the pedagogical strategies of the improvisation treatises introduced in the previous chapter. These strategies include transposition, variation, recombination, and the use of ... More


CONTINUUM RADIATION

Takashi Fujimoto

in Plasma Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The intensity distribution of the recombination continuum continues smoothly across the ionization limit to the series lines, the upper levels of which are in LTE. Thus, a Boltzmann plot of the ... More


9 Luminescence of disordered semiconductors

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Luminescence of disordered (amorphous) semiconductors is due to a different microscopic mechanism compared to those being active in the luminescence of crystalline counterparts with long-range order. ... More


14 Stimulated emission and lasing in low-dimensional structures

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Stimulated emission and lasing can be achieved easily in a number of semiconductor nanostructures. This chapter gives an overview of a series of physical mechanisms that were found experimentally to ... More


Recombination, Causal Constraints, and Humean Supervenience: An Argument for Temporal Parts?

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the doctrine of four-dimensionalism, our world and everything in it consists of stages or temporal parts; moreover, where an object exists at various times, it does so, according to the ... More


Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Michael L. Arnold

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Even before the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, the perception of evolutionary change has been a tree-like pattern of diversification — with divergent branches spreading further and ... More


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