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How Smart Forgetting Helps Heuristic Inference

Lael J. Schooler, Ralph Hertwig, and Stefan M. Herzog

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Theorists ranging from William James (1890) to some contemporary psychologists have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of ... More


A Signal Detection Analysis of the Recognition Heuristic

Timothy J. Pleskac

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The recognition heuristic uses a recognition decision to make an inference about an unknown variable in the world. Theories of recognition memory typically use a signal detection framework to predict ... More


Fluency Heuristic: A Model of How the Mind Exploits a By-Product of Information Retrieval

Ralph Hertwig, Stefan M. Herzog, Lael J. Schooler, and Torsten Reimer

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Boundedly rational heuristics for inference can be surprisingly accurate and frugal for several reasons. They can exploit environmental structures, co-opt complex capacities, and elude effortful ... More


Objections to the Fast and Frugal School Program *

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

H&B scholars suspect that F&F researchers do not so much describe cognitive processes in careful detail as imagine processes that would serve imputed adaptive ends. For instance, the F&F description ... More


How Groups Use Partial Ignorance to Make Good Decisions

Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos and Torsten Reimer

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0050
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Is prior recognition of decision options used when a group of people tries to decide together which option to choose? And if it is used, how does it affect group performance? To find out, ... More


The Recognition Heuristic in Memory-Based Inference: Is Recognition a Non-compensatory Cue?

Thorsten Pachur, Arndt Bröder, and Julian N. Marewski

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The recognition heuristic makes the strong claim that probabilistic inferences in which a recognized object is compared to an unrecognized one are made solely on the basis of whether the objects are ... More


The Use of Recognition in Group Decision-Making

Torsten Reimer and Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Goldstein and Gigerenzer (2002) [Models of ecological rationality: The recognition heuristic. Psychological Review, 109 (1), 75–90] found evidence for the use of the recognition heuristic. For ... More


Simple Heuristics that Help Us Win

Will M. Bennis and Thorsten Pachur

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter summarizes the fast-and-frugal-heuristics (FFH) approach to judgment and decision making, particularly as it applies to sports. The aim is to provide a framework through which current ... More


The Recognition Heuristic: A Decade of Research

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The recognition heuristic exploits the basic psychological capacity for recognition to make inferences about unknown quantities in the world. This chapter reviews and clarifies issues that emerged ... More


Heuristic Decision Making

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter provides an extensive review of research that tests formal models of heuristic inference, including in business organizations, health care systems, and legal institutions. This research ... More


Extended Knowledge, the Recognition Heuristic, and Epistemic Injustice

Mark Alfano and Joshua August Skorburg

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the interaction of biased media coverage and widespread employment of the recognition heuristic can produce epistemic injustices. It explains the recognition heuristic as ... More


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