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Belief in 5600 (1840) as the Year of Redemption

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Various End-reckonings, based on both the Talmud and the Zohar, led to the conclusion that the Messiah would appear in 5600 A.M. (the six-hundredth year of the sixth millennium), corresponding to ... More


Certainty

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Opposed to impurity, corruption, suffering, and death are Purity, Sanctity, Happiness, and Immortality. Since “now” and “death” are the only certainties in human existence, withdrawal from everything ... More


Oscillations in the “Other Cortex”: Navigation in Real and Memory Space

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The hippocampus and associated structures are organized in multiple loops, with reciprocal connections to the neocortex. The most prominent collective pattern of hippocampal neurons is theta ... More


Animal Navigation

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 3 Other Mechanisms of Depth Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764167
eISBN:
9780199949373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764167.003.0284
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with sensory and motor systems that animals use to navigate. Navigation involves the registration of the direction and distance of sites beyond the range of sensory detectors. In ... More


Many Moons Ago Traditional Calendars and Time-Reckoning

K. David Harrison

in When Languages Die: The Extinction of the World's Languages and the Erosion of Human Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181920
eISBN:
9780199870622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181920.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter investigates a range of languages which still retain some use of the traditional lunar month, mobile week, and ecological cycle. It considers the adaptability and effectiveness of these ... More


Historical Time

Romila Thapar

in Time as a Metaphor of History: Early India: The Krishna Bharadwaj Memorial Lecture

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195637984
eISBN:
9780199081912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195637984.003.0007
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses the use of eras as well as dating by regnal years, which gained currency simultaneously in astronomy and cosmology. The use of regnal years as marker go back to the earliest ... More


A role for the hippocampus in dead reckoning: an ethological analysis using natural exploratory and food-carrying tasks

Douglas G. Wallace, Dustin J. Hines, Joanna H. Gorny, and Ian Q. Whishaw

in The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers an ethological approach to the investigation of path integration by exploring a laboratory homing task, on a holeboard maze, that mimics the natural foraging conditions of wild ... More


African Cultural Models

Giovanni Bennardo and Victor C. de Munck

in Cultural Models: Genesis, Methods, and Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199908042
eISBN:
9780199369706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199908042.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In Africa the literature on cultural models is rich in the analysis of the relationship between self, society and mind. A key concept that appear across Africa is ubuntu—the self as existing in ... More


Liber Abbaci

Joseph Mazur

in Enlightening Symbols: A Short History of Mathematical Notation and Its Hidden Powers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173375
eISBN:
9781400850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173375.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the role played by Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber abbaci in introducing modern arithmetic to the West. In the prologue of Liber abbaci, Fibonacci says he learned the nine Indian ... More


Stephen Crane’s Refrain

Max Cavitch

in American Literature's Aesthetic Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156172
eISBN:
9780231520775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156172.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter calls to account the sentiment of liberated and liberating free-verse artistry through a reading of Stephen Crane's poetry that combines formal analysis (a counting or measurement) and ... More


On Critique and Inheritance

Lisa Lowe

in The Critical Pulse: Thirty-Six Credos by Contemporary Critics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161152
eISBN:
9780231530736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161152.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents the author's reflections about her father. Born in China in 1928, her father had a wartime childhood that displaced him from Shanghai to Hong Kong, Burma, Yunnan, and Calcutta ... More


Navigating by the Stars

Glen Van Brummelen

in Heavenly Mathematics: The Forgotten Art of Spherical Trigonometry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175997
eISBN:
9781400844807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175997.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter explains how the star is used to find one's position on the Earth while in a ship at sea. Trigonometry was first used for navigation by fourteenth-century Venetian merchant ships. ... More


The Sociology of Time

Eviatar Zerubavel

in Time, Temporality, and History in Process Organization Studies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198870715
eISBN:
9780191913341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870715.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Focusing on the very notion of a “sociology of time,” this chapter examines the fundamental components of what constitutes a distinctly non-physical, sociocultural perspective on temporality. It ... More


Reckoning

Lee Humphreys

in The Qualified Self: Social Media and the Accounting of Everyday Life

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037853
eISBN:
9780262346252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037853.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

This chapter explores the practice of reckoning. Reckoning is the process of engaging with media traces to better understand ourselves and the world around us. It examines the evidentiary nature of ... More


The Afterlife of a Tribunal

Diane Orentlicher

in Some Kind of Justice: The ICTY's Impact in Bosnia and Serbia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190882273
eISBN:
9780190882303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190882273.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The span of an international tribunal’s local impact is not the same as its operational life, as Germany’s evolved relationship with Nuremberg highlights. Recognizing that the ICTY’s impact in Bosnia ... More


The Consolidation of a Calendar-Reform Debate in the Thirteenth Century

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter follows the story of calendar reform from the end of the twelfth to the end of the thirteenth century, showing how during this period the problem was popularized via two different ... More


The Papal Reform Project of 1344/5 and Its Protagonists

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

in Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799559
eISBN:
9780191839818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799559.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the first serious effort made within the medieval Latin Church to correct the calculation of Easter by legislative means. This effort took place at the court of Pope Clement ... More


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