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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


A Naturalistic Perspective

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter attempts to demonstrate the plausibility, from an evolutionary standpoint, of the action-theoretic model presented so far. It begins with an overview of contemporary debates over the ... More


Is Human Morality Innate ?

Richard Joyce

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter seeks to clarify the meaning of the claim that human morality is innate. It argues that if human morality is indeed innate, an explanation may be provided that does not resort to an ... More


The Sociobiology of Human Cooperation

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the sociobiology of human cooperation. Given the tendency of people to copy the successful and the fact that natural selection favors the more fit, the chapter asks how our ... More


Moral Science

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents an overview of the book. It argues that the metaphysical approach to ethics is a failure and that the time has come to take a scientific view of morality. A social contract is ... More


Ancestral Human Society

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the notion that humans became cooperative because in our ancestral environments we interacted frequently with the same group of close kin, among whom tit-for-tat and other ... More


From Protolanguage to Language

Derek Bickerton

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses the singularity of human language. Although evolution is normally conceived of as a gradual process, it can produce an appearance of catastrophism where functions change or ... More


Reciprocity

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The folk theorem shows that cooperative behavior can be sustained as a Nash equilibrium in indefinitely repeated games — a phenomenon known as reciprocal altruism. The same theorem offers a solution ... More


Friendship: Development, Ecology, and Evolution of a Relationship

Daniel Hruschka

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520265462
eISBN:
9780520947887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520265462.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Friends—they are generous and cooperative with each other in ways that appear to defy standard evolutionary expectations, frequently sacrificing for one another without concern for past behaviors or ... More


Early Communities and States

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We can discover something about early, pre-literate social and political thought from archaeology, anthropology, and social biology. Humans evolved in small kin-groups, in which reciprocal altruism ... More


Like a sister: Women and friendship

in A mind of her own: The evolutionary psychology of women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199609543
eISBN:
9780191747717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609543.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Women’s friendships are more intense and exclusive than those of men. The intimacy of female friendship is surprising because, to avoid inbreeding, women typically left their natal group to live with ... More


Game Theory without Rationality

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1970s game theory made several appearances in evolutionary biology that led to enduring theoretical traditions within the field – most notably, the concept of an “evolutionarily stable ... More


The Service-for-Prestige Theory of Leader-Follower Relations:: A Review of the Evolutionary Psychology and Anthropology Literatures

Michael E. Price and Mark Van Vugt

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter outlines the ‘service-for-prestige’ theory of leadership. According to this theory, the optimal form of leader-follower relationship is one in which leaders provide followers with their ... More


Social Order in Nature: Between Conflict and Cooperation

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In this chapter we look at patterns of coexistence and mutual support in symbiosis that appear at the most complex levels in the biology of animals, starting with a brief discussion of how evolution ... More


Evolutionary Psychology and Criminal Behavior

Anthony Walsh

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Criminological theories may be complemented and extended by incorporating biosocial concepts into them. Evolutionary psychology emphasizes that individuals pursue their self-interest in a variety of ... More


Happiness, Gratitude, and Love

Glenn Geher and Nicole Wedberg

in Positive Evolutionary Psychology: Darwin's Guide to Living a Richer Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190647124
eISBN:
9780190647155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190647124.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on three of the core topics that are studied by positive psychologists: happiness, gratitude, and love. Each of these concepts has been the target of extensive research conducted ... More


Prosocial Behaviors Toward Siblings and Grandparents

Asiye Kumru and Bilge Yaĝmurlu

in Prosocial Development: A Multidimensional Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199964772
eISBN:
9780199368693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964772.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter aims to examine prosocial behaviors toward siblings and grandparents. First, the nature of prosocial behaviors toward family members and the underlying motivational factors are explained ... More


What We’re Looking For

C. Daniel Batson

in A Scientific Search for Altruism: Do We Only Care About Ourselves?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190651374
eISBN:
9780190651404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651374.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Whether a search for altruism is worth pursuing depends on what is meant by altruism. In recent years, seven different things have been called altruism. Four refer to specific forms of behavior, not ... More


Evolution of Cooperation

Daniel Friedman and Barry Sinervo

in Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199981151
eISBN:
9780190466657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981151.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter opens with a simple diagram capturing the tension that all social creatures face between self interest and the social good. It then reviews two famous devices for alleviating the ... More


The evolutionary psychology of economics

Paul H Rubin and C. Monica Capra

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter, we argue that applying evolutionary psychology to economics can explain observed ‘anomalies’ in decision-making. We provide an analysis of the relationships between economics and the ... More


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