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Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Douglas John Casson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examining the social and political upheavals that characterized the collapse of public judgment in early modern Europe, this book offers a unique account of the achievement of liberal democracy and ... More


Being REASONABLE: A Key Anglo Value and Its Cultural Roots

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter investigates, in a historical and cultural perspective, the meaning of the word reasonable, and in particular, of the phrases reasonable man and reasonable doubt, which play an important ... More


Herder’s Pluralist Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While rationalist reflection can derive a single set of authoritative standards from a universal faculty of reason, sentimentalism must assume an implausible degree of uniformity among the contingent ... More


Judaism and Natural Law: Some Background Considerations

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes some of the most important medieval conceptions of natural law as background to considering whether Jewish moral thought involves natural law elements and why that might ... More


Identifying Equilibrium: An Ideal-Typical Islamic Doctrine of Citizenship

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter seeks to establish what is reasonable for citizens in a liberal society to demand of Muslim fellow citizens by way of an “Islamic doctrine of citizenship” if it is to be said that there ... More


A Wise and Virtuous Man

John Kekes

in Enjoyment: The Moral Significance of Styles of Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546923
eISBN:
9780191720109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546923.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Looking at Hume's life and work it can be seen that Hume led an admirable life, fully enjoyed. Its style was reflective, its attitude sceptical, its manner moderate, and its project was a literary ... More


Reworking Reasonableness: The Authoritative Testimony of Nature

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates how Locke's gradual move away from his early political positions parallels his encounter with a new notion of reasonableness based on probable judgment. This shift took ... More


Liberating Judgment: Freedom, Happiness, and the Reasonable Self

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains that for Locke, the capacity to experience freedom is tied to the capacity to make probable judgments. Although Locke joins Thomas Hobbes in arguing that liberty is a type of ... More


Engaged Reasoning

Anthony Simon Laden

in Reasoning: A Social Picture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199606191
eISBN:
9780191741081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606191.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Under certain circumstances, reasoning together requires a heightened level of responsiveness. Reasoners must not merely issue invitations and open them to criticism, but also actively seek to issue ... More


Protecting the Right to Life with Limited Public Resources

Elizabeth Wicks

in The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199547395
eISBN:
9780191594373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547395.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Medical Law

This chapter investigates whether the fact that public resources are limited provides an excuse for a failure on the part of the state to intervene to save life. While courts are reluctant to ... More


Legitimate Expectations and Informal Administrative Representations

Hector A. Mairal

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The protection of legitimate expectations arising from government conduct is an important doctrine in some European legal systems and in investment arbitration. This chapter deals with legitimate ... More


An Ordinary Chance of a Desirable Existence

Michael Parker

in Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590704
eISBN:
9780191595547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590704.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The decision to have a child is one of the most morally significant choices we make. Recent advances in reproductive medicine have increased the moral complexity of reproductive decision‐making ... More


Paternalism and Consent

Douglas Husak

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the relevance of consent to the justification of paternalism. As a general matter, A isn't acting paternalistically toward B if B consents to A's action. But what if B gives ... More


Normativism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter covers normativism, which attempts to derive moral conclusions from normative but non-moral premises. One version refers to moral explanations, another version includes contractarianism ... More


From Equality to the Right to Welfare

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter addresses the philosophical and legal tension between two concepts: reciprocity and equality. Reciprocity governs the approach behind welfare-to-work programmes, from the political ... More


The Coherence Theory of Knowledge

Keith Lehrer

in Metamind

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The analysis of knowledge embedded in the theory is traditional in form but not in content. It is in the tradition of undefeated justified true belief analyses. The salient character of the theory of ... More


Judicial Review in Practice: The Reasonableness Approach and its Shortcomings

David Bilchitz

in Poverty and Fundamental Rights: The Justification and Enforcement of Socio-economic Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552160
eISBN:
9780191709456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552160.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on the approach of the South African Constitutional Court towards enforcing socio-economic rights. South Africa has directly justiciable, express socio-economic rights in its ... More


Social and Environmental Goals

A C L Davies

in The Public Law of Government Contracts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199287390
eISBN:
9780191713484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287390.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter considers the use of government contracts to pursue social and environmental goals not immediately related to the contract itself. Some commentators argue that contracts are a good ... More


John Rawls and the Political Coercion of Unreasonable People

Marilyn Friedman

in Autonomy, Gender, Politics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195138504
eISBN:
9780199785902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138503.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter focuses on John Rawls's recent approach to liberal political legitimacy. His views on reasonableness and rationality are considered. It is argued that Rawls's legitimation pool for ... More


Introduction

Cedric Ryngaert

in Jurisdiction in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199544714
eISBN:
9780191719943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544714.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter presents the scope and method of this study. It is set out that this study aims at developing a rule-based framework of jurisdiction under international law, from a ... More


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