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Election Reform and (the Lack of) Electoral System Change in the USA

Shaun Bowler and Todd Donovan

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Electoral reform in the US sees a great deal of experimentation in electoral reform at the local level but almost none at the national level. Explaining the lack of change in electoral institutions ... More


Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Mary E. Adkins

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Making Modern Florida fills a gap in the scholarship and literature by examining how Florida’s Constitution was revised in 1968. The changes and growth churning through Florida in the mid-twentieth ... More


Representatives, Members, Lords, and Senators

William McKay and Charles W. Johnson

in Parliament and Congress: Representation and Scrutiny in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199273621
eISBN:
9780191594281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273621.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, UK Politics

The size of the Commons varies according to population growth modified by the aim of equalizing the size of constituencies. Adjustments are proposed by the impartial Boundaries Commissions. Even ... More


Deriving Doctrine

Lackland H. Bloom

in Methods of Interpretation: How the Supreme Court Reads the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377118
eISBN:
9780199869510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377118.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains how the Court derives constitutional principle using examples from the areas of freedom of speech, racial discrimination, reapportionment, and abortion. It then uses two ... More


Ethical Argument

Lackland H. Bloom

in Methods of Interpretation: How the Supreme Court Reads the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377118
eISBN:
9780199869510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377118.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the use of ethical argument by the Court. It examines the arguable employment of such methodology under the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause of the Eighth Amendment focusing ... More


The Dream Is Lost: Voting Rights and the Politics of Race in Richmond, Virginia

Julian Maxwell Hayter

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813169484
eISBN:
9780813169972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169484.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Dream Is Lost describes more than three decades of national/local racial politics and the unintended consequences of the civil rights movement. It uses the mid-twentieth-century urban history of ... More


Introduction

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This section introduces the seeming oddities of the Florida Constitution and suggests that the book will explain how they came to be part of the constitution. It briefly explains how Florida’s growth ... More


Reapportionment:: Giving Clark Some Company

Chris Danielson

in After Freedom Summer: How Race Realigned Mississippi Politics, 1965-1986

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037387
eISBN:
9780813042350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037387.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the fourteen-year legal battle to create single-member districts in the state legislature and aid black candidates. When the MFDP began its lawsuit in 1965, Mississippi used ... More


The Convention Exposes Class Divisions

Dorothy Overstreet Pratt

in Sowing the Wind: The Mississippi Constitutional Convention of 1890

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496815460
eISBN:
9781496815507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496815460.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Other issues before the convention revealed profound splits between the white counties and black counties of the state. Reapportionment provoked bitter debate; the two sides did not trust each other ... More


Putting It Together, Part II

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Why did it take four legislative sessions spanning two years to pass the new Constitution and put it on the ballot? First, the U.S. Supreme Court declared the 1967 legislature unconstitutional and ... More


A New Constitution

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The final chapter argues that the adoption of the new Constitution depended on reapportionment and that the reorganization of government, home rule, and other features of the new Constitution allowed ... More


The Impact of the Struggle for Black Political Participation on Mississippi Politics

Frank R. Parker

in Black Votes Count: Political Empowerment in Mississippi After 1965

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807842744
eISBN:
9781469603315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869697_parker.10
Subject:
History, African-American History

The chapter analyses the impact of the black struggle for the right to vote and participation in the electoral process in the state of Mississippi. It also discusses the political impact of ... More


From Darkness to Sunshine: World War II, Race, and the Emergence of Modern Florida

David R. Colburn

in From Yellow Dog Democrats to Red State Republicans: Florida and Its Politics since 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044859
eISBN:
9780813046372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044859.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the reasons for Florida's historic commitment to the Democratic Party and how that loyalty lasted up to World War II. The Civil War and the events of Reconstruction positioned ... More


From Intent to Effect: The Long Struggle for Voting Rights Litigation during the 1970s

Julian Maxwell Hayter

in The Dream Is Lost: Voting Rights and the Politics of Race in Richmond, Virginia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813169484
eISBN:
9780813169972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169484.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 3 describes how local African Americans, with the help of the U.S. Congress, federal courts, and the U.S. Department of Justice, instigated the reapportionment revolution after 1965. This ... More


The U.S. Supreme Court Reapportionment Cases

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the Supreme Court’s actions on reapportionment cases nationally in the early 1960s when all states were malapportioned, and the Court’s movement toward the one-man-one-vote ... More


The 1966 Constitution Revision Commission

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes how the Florida Constitution Revision Commission was created and formed; argues that the 1966 CRC was originally created as another Pork Chop gambit to retain power; and ... More


Building a Constitution’s Foundation

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the organization and early tasks of the Constitution Revision Commission: what principles were emphasized, what rules governed, the principal constitutional issues to be ... More


Drafting a Constitution, Drafting a Legislature

Mary E. Adkins

in Making Modern Florida: How the Spirit of Reform Shaped a New State Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062853
eISBN:
9780813051802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062853.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The certified-question debates engaged the whole Constitution Revision Commission. The committees then met again, and each drafted the parts of the constitution that its work governed. The draft was ... More


A Theory of Constrained Redistricting

Nicholas R. Seabrook

in Drawing the Lines: Constraints on Partisan Gerrymandering in U.S. Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501705311
eISBN:
9781501707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705311.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the theoretical argument that congressional redistricting, whether by a single party or by other means, is a fundamentally constrained activity, along with the implications of ... More


The Unrealized Precedent of DAVIS V. BANDEMER

Nicholas R. Seabrook

in Drawing the Lines: Constraints on Partisan Gerrymandering in U.S. Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501705311
eISBN:
9781501707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705311.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the involvement of the Supreme Court of the United States in litigation relating to partisan gerrymandering, paying particular attention to a case that attempted to apply the ... More


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