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Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Regine Eckardt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book investigates meaning change in grammaticalization in terms of truth conditional semantics and a well-explicated syntax-semantics interface. Following a survey of earlier theories of ... More


The separated genitive in English

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter looks at the ‘his genitive’ in earlier stages of English. It is concluded that except for a brief period in Early Modern English, there is no evidence for a possessor doubling ... More


The to-infinitive as goal-argument

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that some purpose adjuncts were reinterpreted as GOAL-arguments of conatives and verbs of persuading and urging. This involved a semantic change of the higher verb. Verbs meaning ... More


Intention

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that the occurrence of the to-infinitive after verbs expressing meanings like ‘intend’ or ‘want’, or the negative counterparts ‘fear’ or ‘avoid’ represents an innovation. Unlike ... More


Commanding and permitting

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter identifies a second set of ditransitive verbs: the verbs of commanding and permitting. Unlike the verbs of persuading and urging discussed in the Chapter 3, which have a thematic ... More


Commissives

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on a third type of ditransitive: commissives, with meanings like ‘promise’. The commissives are interesting in that finite clauses are still their preferred complement in ... More


The category of the to-infinitive

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that the to-infinitive cannot be analysed as a prepositional phrase in Old English. Its distribution is no longer that of a to-PP, its dative inflection has fossilized and does ... More


The changing status of infinitival to

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that to in Old English is semantically occupying the same niche as the subjunctive ending (or, for Present-day English, the modal verb that has taken over the subjunctive ... More


Syntactic Theory and the Theory of Language

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Radical Construction Grammar is a construction grammar, in which syntactic representation is a pairing of form and meaning. Constructions are the basic, primitive units of syntactic representation; ... More


Introduction

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter formulates the main hypothesis of the book: meaning change in grammaticalization needs to be investigated in terms of an explicit theory of the syntax-semantics interface. Specifically, ... More


What is Going to Happen

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter recapitulates the emergence of going to and traces the semantic reanalysis that led from movement construction to future tense/aspect. It demonstrates that the redistribution of semantic ... More


From Intensifier to Focus Particle

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter traces the development of intensifying selbst (self) to the focus particle selbst (even) in German. Starting from a semantic analysis of the intensifier, it surveys German literary data ... More


Semantic Reanalysis: The Algebraic Backbone of Meaning Change

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter surveys the driving factors of change that were encountered in the case studies. It is argued that language change does not arise as a result of experimentation and imitation of use of ... More


Deverbal and Deradical Adijectives

D. Gary Miller

in Latin Suffixal Derivatives in English: and Their Indo-European Ancestry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285051
eISBN:
9780191713682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285051.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter treats adjectives derived from verbs and roots. These include adjectives of variable result state (originally non-causative result states derived from a non-causative change of state ... More


Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

D. Gary Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book investigates a large range of changes and their motivations in all parts of the grammar and lexicon. The core argument is that, in the absence of a Grand Unification Theory in linguistics, ... More


The History of English DO

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583430
eISBN:
9780191595288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Do underwent four main structural reanalyses. The first (merger in v) took do from a causative verb to a factual/evidential auxiliary. There was also a semantically empty variant ... More


Motivations of Language Change

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Motivations of Language Change. Various factors motivate change in different components of the grammar and lexicon. Contact is a major catalyst, being the epitomous alteration of the triggering ... More


Syntactic Change

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583430
eISBN:
9780191595288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Differences in syntactic projection result from changes in lexical features, e.g. by reanalysis. In West Greenlandic factives, subject‐to‐object raising was lost along with the Agree relation that ... More


Verb‐to‐preposition reanalysis in Chinese *

Redouane Djamouri and Waltraud Paul

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that in all periods of Chinese, prepositions are distinct from verbs. In contrast to Roberts and Roussou's (2003: 128‐9) claim, prepositions resulting from V‐to‐P reanalysis do ... More


Downward reanalysis and the rise of stative HAVE got

Heidi Quinn

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents evidence from the diachronic development of stative have (got) which suggests that, like grammaticalization, downward reanalysis may affect individual lexical items and involve ... More


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