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Specificity of Skills and Reallocation

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses implications, from a European perspective, of the theory concerning the specificity of skill acquisition. It also discusses how institutions such as those giving employment ... More


Reforming Labor Market Institutions: Unemployment Insurance and Employment Protection

Olivier Blanchard

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the characteristics of both optimal and actual unemployment insurance and employment protection. It then sketches potential paths for reforms in both rich and middle-income ... More


The Constituency Effect

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses the constituency effect. By this, it is meant that when a labour market institution is in place, it creates its own political support. This in turn generates status‐quo bias ... More


The Basic Mechanisms

Olivier Blanchard

in The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 2 focuses on the basic mechanisms behind the initial decline in output and the later recovery. I argue that there have been two main mechanisms at work. The first is reallocation. Some ... More


Looking at the Pieces

Olivier Blanchard

in The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 3 examines a number of pieces in more detail. I focus in particular on the adjustment of employment and wages in state firms to the initial shock, on the interactions between restructuring ... More


Putting the Pieces Together

Olivier Blanchard

in The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 4 puts the pieces together. Here, I develop an analytical model of transition that incorporates what I see as the central elements of transition, the reallocation from old to new activities, ... More


Choosing a Basic Structure—Strategic Groups

DAVID A. NADLER, michael l. tushman, and mark b. nadler

in Competing by Design: The Power of Organizational Architecture

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195099171
eISBN:
9780199854868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099171.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Because of the emergenge of technological innovations and threats posed by other countries that may be able to produce watches at much lower costs, SMH, the combined operations of ASUAG and SSIH, ... More


Voice, Reflexivity, and Say: Governing Access to and Control of Land in China

Eva Pils

in Governing Access to Essential Resources

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231172783
eISBN:
9780231540766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172783.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Pils focuses on land use and reallocation practices in China to shed new light on the notion of essentiality and the claim that Voice and Reflexivity offer guidance for addressing questions of ... More


Tenure Security and Exclusion Processes in Peri-urban Areas and Rural Hinterlands of West African Cities

Alain Durand-Lasserve

in Governing Access to Essential Resources

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231172783
eISBN:
9780231540766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172783.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Durand-Lasserve looks at peri-urban areas and hinterlands of West African cities and argues that any formalization of rights to land needs to take account of social practices and highly uneven ... More


Why Standard Explanations are Insufficient

Khalid Malik

in Why Has China Grown So Fast For So Long?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078838
eISBN:
9780199081646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078838.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Widely accepted neoclassical models lay out a set number of reasons for the progress of an economy. According to the neoclassical models, factor accumulation, factor reallocation, gains in ... More


Reallocating Resources across Public Sectors to Improve Population Health

Greg L. Stoddart, John D. Eyles, John N. Lavis, and Paul C. Chaulk

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

As the interconnected nature of determinants of health becomes increasingly apparent, so does the need for intersectoral policy development. A significant challenge in this regard is the need to ... More


High-Skill Immigration, Innovation, and Creative Destruction

Gaurav Khanna and Munseob Lee

in The Roles of Immigrants and Foreign Students in US Science, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226695624
eISBN:
9780226695761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226695761.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The effects of high-skill immigration on receiving countries are theoretically ambiguous. Skilled migrants may increase the profitability and innovative capacity of the firm, but they may crowd out ... More


Neoclassical Growth: Labour Productivity and Corporate Restructuring

Linda Yueh

in China's Growth: The Making of an Economic Superpower

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199205783
eISBN:
9780191752018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205783.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter shows that the slowdown in TFP from the mid-1990s is associated with the slowing of one-off productivity gains from factor reallocation. By the end of the 1990s and 2000s, much of the ... More


Labour markets in Central and Eastern Europe

Gebel Michael

in Europe enlarged: A handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420640
eISBN:
9781447302230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter begins with a short overview of the economic context of transformation, identifying important contextual factors such as the diversity of existing initial conditions and institutional ... More


Poor

Caroline Field Levander and Matthew Pratt Guterl

in Hotel Life: The Story of a Place Where Anything Can Happen

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621128
eISBN:
9781469623290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621128.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how the plethora of hotels that have sprung up to accommodate the world’s poor and indigent create new ways to imagine the minimal amount of space that bodies can take up. In ... More


Bankruptcy Policy Reform and Total Factor Productivity Dynamics in Korea: Evidence from Microdata

Youngjae Lim and Chin Hee Hahn

in Growth and Productivity in East Asia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386805
eISBN:
9780226387079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387079.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

During the onset of the Korean financial crisis in 1997, an inefficient corporate bankruptcy system adversely affected Korea's economy. The inadequacies of the bankruptcy system led to poor ... More


The Euro and Structural Reforms

Alberto Alesina, Silvia Ardagna, and Vincenzo Galasso

in Europe and the Euro

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226012834
eISBN:
9780226012858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012858.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

One of the arguments in favor of the introduction of the common currency area in Europe was that it would pressure member countries to improve their macroeconomic policy and pursue “structural ... More


Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

Marc-Andreas Muendler

in The Analysis of Firms and Employees: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226042879
eISBN:
9780226042893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226042893.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

While the formation of multinational enterprises shapes much of the globalization debate over labor-market consequences in industrialized countries, an issue of foremost importance for developing ... More


Discussion of the French and British Conundrums

Dan Andrews

in Productivity Puzzles Across Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198786160
eISBN:
9780191827860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786160.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter stresses three common factors relevant to labour productivity performance that may warrant more discussion in the contexts of both France and the United Kingdom, which have been ... More


Comments on Aghion, Bloom, and Van Reenen, “Incomplete Contracts and the Internal Organization of Firms”

John Roberts

in The Impact of Incomplete Contracts on Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199826223
eISBN:
9780190259020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826223.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter takes issue with the assumption made in the theoretical part of the survey presented in the previous chapter that the center can commit to letting subordinates make decisions, something ... More


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