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Substance and Essence

J. L. Mackie

in Problems from Locke

Published in print:
1976
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198750369
eISBN:
9780191597947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198750366.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers both Locke's theory of substance and Berkeley's subsequent criticisms of it. Mackie discusses the difference between real essence and nominal essence. He argues that Locke ... More


Locke and Leibniz and the Debate Over Species

Susanna Goodin

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

“Locke and Leibniz and the Debate over Species” An examination of Leibniz's reaction to Locke's theory of essences and species, exploring both his responses in the New Essays and his deeper views on ... More


Essence

Matthew Stuart

in Locke's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199645114
eISBN:
9780191760914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645114.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by explaining Locke's distinction between real and nominal essence, and a further distinction between relative real essences and total real essences. Next it examines Locke's ... More


Species

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Locke was a conventionalist about species, but that his was a constrained and convergent conventionalism that was predicated, not on species nominalism, but on a robust and ... More


The Univocity of Real Essence in Locke

Allison Kuklok

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume X

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897442
eISBN:
9780191923890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897442.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

I argue that Locke’s various descriptions of real essence pick out one and the same thing, namely a nature that can be ascribed to many things, and in terms of which we can get matters of ... More


A Note on the Essence of Natural Kinds

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this, his first philosophical publication, McGinn introduces a distinction between epistemic possibility and metaphysical possibility, in order to diagnose the reason for Mackie's ... More


Language

Georges Dicker

in Locke on Knowledge and Reality: A Commentary on An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190662196
eISBN:
9780190662233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662196.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses Locke’s views about language and meaning. His fundamental thesis is that “names” (referential and descriptive or “general” words) signify ideas, which represent things and ... More


Counterparts of Persons and Their Bodies

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The possibility of a person switching bodies presents a challenge to Lewis's conviction that necessarily, a person occupies a body at a time if and only if that person is identical with that body at ... More


Substance

Georges Dicker

in Locke on Knowledge and Reality: A Commentary on An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190662196
eISBN:
9780190662233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662196.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Locke’s idea of a substance (e.g., a rock, a tree, or a swan) comprises (1) the ideas of the qualities that define its species, and (2) the idea of a substratum in which those qualities inhere. The ... More


Primary Qualities

Michael Jacovides

in Locke's Image of the World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198789864
eISBN:
9780191831515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198789864.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

For Locke, inseparability is more a matter of what features bodies must have than a matter of what features they are observed to have. Because of his corpuscularian presuppositions, Locke attributes ... More


Locke, God, and Materialism

Stewart Duncan

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume X

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897442
eISBN:
9780191923890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897442.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter investigates Locke’s views about materialism, by looking at the discussion in Essay IV.x. There Locke—after giving a cosmological argument for the existence of God—argues that God could ... More


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