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Nuclear fusion reactions

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses nuclear fusion reactions. The concepts of reaction cross-section and of Maxwell-averaged reactivity are defined, and the standard parametrization of these two important ... More


Study Design

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides an overview of the design of the psychometric study. First, sampling issues are addressed, including who should be recruited and in what numbers, with guidance on anticipating ... More


The Psychophysiology of Human Antisocial Behavior

Angela Scarpa and Adrian Raine

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the major psychophysiological findings and theories regarding antisocial behavior, with a specific focus on skin conductance (SC), heart rate (HR), electroencephalogram (EEG), ... More


Taste

Alan C. Spector

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the methodological and conceptual issues associated with some common behavioral procedures used to assess taste function. It focuses on laboratory rodents, but many of the ... More


BOLD Functional MRI and Cognitive Aging

Adam H. Gazzaley and Mark D’Esposito

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on potential confounding factors in the interpretation of the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal in fMRI studies of cognitive aging. Studies generally attribute ... More


Individual Differences in Attention

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses evidence for individual differences in dimensions of attention already identified. It reviews methods for determining whether reliable individual differences exist, and ... More


Early Manifestations of Attention Deficits

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

in Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter investigates the development of problems in children's control of attention, e.g. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD) and attention deficit without hyperactivity. In ... More


Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Darcia Narvaez, Jaak Panksepp, Allan N. Schore, and Tracy R. Gleason (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The field of cognitive psychology is in a state of empirical abundance, and experts now know more about mammalian brain function than ever before. In contrast, psychological problems such as ADHD, ... More


Use of records, diaries, and proxy respondents

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

in Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers the use of medical records and other types of records, diaries, and proxy respondents in exposure measurement in epidemiology. For each of these methods, topics covered include ... More


Neuropharmacology of appetite and taste preferences

Steven J. Cooper and Suzanne Higgs

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter compares the effect of some selected drugs on food intake, their effects on taste preferences, and their effects on taste reactivity measures. It aims to determine the extent to which it ... More


Problems in Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Hung Kay Lee, Dennis Kee Pui Ng, Yu-San Cheung, Kendrew Kin Wah Mak, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198823902
eISBN:
9780191862724
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823902.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The First Edition of this book, which appeared in 2013, serves as a problem text for Part I (Fundamentals of Chemical Bonding) and Part II (Symmetry in Chemistry) of the book Advanced Structural ... More


Ranking Diseases

Rachel Kahn Best

in Common Enemies: Disease Campaigns in America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190918408
eISBN:
9780190918446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190918408.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change, Health, Illness, and Medicine

From the 1960s to the present, advocates have introduced various criteria to highlight their diseases’ impacts, from mortality to health spending. These competing claims encouraged policymakers to ... More


The Survival of the Jews in France, 1940-44

Jacques Semelin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190939298
eISBN:
9780190943257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939298.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Between the French defeat in 1940 and liberation in 1944, the Nazis killed almost 80,000 of France's Jews, both French and foreign. Since that time, this tragedy has been well-documented. But there ... More


Reasons-Responsiveness, Agents, and Mechanisms 1

Michael McKenna

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199694853
eISBN:
9780191757792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694853.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some compatibilists are attracted to a theory which accounts for freedom in terms of sensitivity to reasons. But reasons-responsiveness appears to conflict with another common compatibilist thesis: ... More


Maternal Influences on Offspring Growth, Reproduction, and Behavior in Primates

Dario Maestripieri

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter reviews current knowledge about maternal influences on offspring growth, reproduction, and behavior in nonhuman primates, particularly Old World monkeys. It describes the process by ... More


What Does Sensing Depend On?: Transduction, Energy, and the Meeting of Worlds

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Two assumptions regarding standard views of sensing are examined: first, that some things can become the organism (i.e., can be assimilated into the organism) while others must always remain ... More


Using ASL to Measure Perfusion Changes in an Individual: Task-Based ASL and Beyond

Michael Chappell, Bradley MacIntosh, and Thomas Okell

in Introduction to Perfusion Quantification using Arterial Spin Labelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198793816
eISBN:
9780191835612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793816.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI measurements of perfusion provide a flexible and unique way to study the brain’s physiology and function. They enable experimental designs in neuroimaging that can ... More


On Marriage and the Heart: Models, Methods, and Mechanisms in the Study of Close Relationships and Cardiovascular Disease

Timothy W. Smith, Carolynne E. Baron, and Catherine M. Caska

in Interpersonal Relationships and Health: Social and Clinical Psychological Mechanisms

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199936632
eISBN:
9780190223250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936632.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Married individuals are at reduced risk for cardiovascular disease, but marital conflict, strain, and disruption are associated with increased risk. This chapter reviews the evidence regarding ... More


Resting-State Activity and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

After having discussed the role of the resting state and its prephenomenal structures, the volume now moves on to how they are manifested on the phenomenal level of consciousness. Qualia are ... More


Causes of distress-induced emotional eating

Tatjana van Strien

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Distress is associated with both increased and decreased food intake, with eating less being the typical and predominant response. Distress is normally associated with physiological reactions that ... More


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