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Modeling Social Learning and Culture

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a variety of approaches to modeling social learning, cultural evolution, and gene-culture coevolution. The model-building exercise typically starts with a set of assumptions ... More


From linear to nonlinear equations, fundamental results

Klaus Böhmer

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Elliptic Differential Equations: A Synopsis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577040
eISBN:
9780191595172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577040.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 1 demonstrates, for the simple mechanical example of a bent rod, the change in character from linear to nonlinear regimes. This is followed by several examples for different types of ... More


Pattern Formation and Spatiotemporal Chaos

Robert C. Hilborn

in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507239
eISBN:
9780191709340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When a dynamical system has significant spatial extent, its nonlinear dynamics can lead to the spontaneous formation of spatial patterns. Such systems provide models for how nature might have ... More


Wet Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

We will first examine some possible ways to build wet artificial cells and their components, starting with alternative nucleic acids and amino acids. Alternatives to the existing genetic code are ... More


Computing Chemical Reactions

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines various reactor algorithms that are frequently used in artificial chemistries. We contrast macroscopic, deterministic reaction algorithms and microscopic, stochastic reaction ... More


Kinetics in Spatially Extended Systems

Karsten Kruse and Johan Elf

in System Modeling in Cellular Biology: From Concepts to Nuts and Bolts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195485
eISBN:
9780262257060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195485.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter presents theoretical approaches for describing the dynamics of biological systems. The first part discusses continuum descriptions in terms of partial differential equations. Such a ... More


Order-book dynamics

František Slanina

in Essentials of Econophysics Modelling

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199299683
eISBN:
9780191747038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299683.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this chapter we show how to model the book of orders, which is the hidden layer behind the stock-price fluctuations. The models are chiefly based on the representation of orders to buy or sell as ... More


Self-Organization in Multiplex Networks

Nikos E. Kouvaris and Albert Díaz-Guilera

in Multiplex and Multilevel Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198809456
eISBN:
9780191847073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809456.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The chapter “Self-Organization in Multiplex Networks” discusses the use of multiplex networks in studying complex systems and synchronization. An important question in the research of complex systems ... More


Evo-devo

Tony J. Prescott and Leah Krubitzer

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter explores how principles underlying natural evo-devo (evolution and development) continue to inspire the design of artificial systems from models of cell growth through to simulated ... More


Spatial population dynamics

Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings

in Population Dynamics for Conservation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198758365
eISBN:
9780191818301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter considers populations structured in a different dimension: space. This begins by representing population dynamics with a spatial continuity equation (analogous to the M’Kendrick/von ... More


Self-Assembly and Beyond

Troy Shinbrot

in Biomedical Fluid Dynamics: Flow and Form

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198812586
eISBN:
9780191850721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812586.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Effects of combining reaction with diffusion are examined, and the resulting self-assembly of ordered patterns is overviewed. Turing patterns and limit cycle oscillations are shown to result from ... More


Lattice Boltzmann for reactive flows

Sauro Succi

in The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: For Complex States of Flowing Matter

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199592357
eISBN:
9780191847967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199592357.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The dynamics of reactive flows lies at the heart of several important applications, such as combustion, heterogeneous catalysis, pollutant conversion, pattern formation in biology and many others. In ... More


The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis (1952)

Alan Turing

in The Essential Turing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198250791
eISBN:
9780191916526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198250791.003.0022
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

It is suggested that a system of chemical substances, called morphogens, reacting together and diffusing through a tissue, is adequate to account for the main phenomena of morphogenesis. Such a ... More


A Universal Developmental Code: Mental measurements embody universal laws of cell biology and physics

Stephen Grossberg

in Conscious Mind, Resonant Brain: How Each Brain Makes a Mind

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190070557
eISBN:
9780190070588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190070557.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This final chapter discusses far-ranging implications of the discoveries that this book describes, including lessons about how to live more fulfilling lives, how perplexing aspects of the human ... More


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